Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 49

FOCUS

When battle sites
are physically and
spiritually altered
by conflict, those
very landscapes are
often transformed
into sacred places
where the sacrifices
of so many can
be remembered
first hand.

4

These seemingly insurmountable odds became the inspiration
for a design that asked: what do these odds actually look like?
The depiction of these odds in physical form would convey the
narrative of the battle, while the memorial would also serve as
an interactive space for ceremony and remembrance.
The memorial space was oriented 12 degrees south of west in
the direction of Kapyong, some 9,300 kilometres away to the
west, creating a large-scale connection between battle ground
and memorial location. This design decision is accentuated with
a screening fence that provides a much needed buffer from the
constant hum of traffic along Ness Avenue to the north and
allows for an appropriately scaled street-front presence and
main entry point. From the street, a series of stepped fence
sections direct the eyes up to the South Korean, Canadian and
City of Winnipeg flags, which overlook the memorial on the
other side.
Visitors are steered through the partitions to an interpretive
panel that tells the story of the battle and sets the stage for the
memorial space. Adjacent to the entry walkway, the sloping
partition fence creates a sense of mystery and discovery. Upon
passing the partition, the memorial is partially revealed as 10
black granite standing-stones greeting the visitor, honouring
both the 10 fallen soldiers, as well as the 700 troops who fought
in the battle. Backed by additional fence partitions that provide
some privacy from adjacent housing, the boulders huddle
close together, mimicking the cramped conditions of the
battle and symbolically representing the hill upon which the
soldiers fought.

Adjacent to the boulders, a ceremonial plaza space features
paving stones laid in multiple orientations, referencing the
chaotic nature of the battle. Across the plaza from the standing
stones, 70 white concrete blocks are gathered, representing the
5,000 troops of the Communist armies. Proportionally, the 10
granite boulders opposing the 70 concrete blocks illustrate the
7:1 odds facing the Canadian troops during the battle. Doubling
as ceremony seating for 100, the blocks fan out towards the
10 granite boulders in much the same way as the Communist
forces surrounded the Canadians. Set out in strictly delineated
rows, three different heights of concrete blocks are placed
randomly creating the visual effect of movement, mimicking the
waves of the advancing troops. The varying heights also serve
to accommodate a range of physical abilities for the different
user groups for seating, from the very young to the very old.
The simplicity of the blocks helped blend the memorial into the
immediate context of the post-war housing of the surrounding
St. James neighborhood, where rows of modest mid-century
modern houses line the residential streets running north-south to
the Assiniboine River.
The partition fence along the north edge ensures one's attention
is focused towards the ceremony space and granite boulders
beyond. This partition rises from a low point in the northeast
corner of the Park and as it moves west, there is a sudden
change in alignment as it shifts to correspond with the direction
of Kapyong. From this change in alignment, the fence ascends
at a consistent angle to its full height of 1.8 metres (six feet),
corresponding to the soldier's historic ascent up Hill 677 and
terminating adjacent to the plaza.
SPRING | PRINTEMPS 2020 49



Landscapes - Spring 2020

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Landscapes - Spring 2020

To Begin With | Pour Commencer
Our Writers | Nos Collaborateurs
Prologue > Fr_ en_lp+ Sweeping the Forest Floor
Interview | Entrevue the Star Is in the Ballpark > fr_lp+
“Gravitas” – The Lost Airmen of the Empire
Creating Sacred Spaces – Weaving the Memorial Landscape
Sacré Montagne
Curating Calm in the Spirit of Mandalay, Myanmar
Kapabamayak Achaak | Wandering Spirit Healing Forest
By Invitation Only – Inclusive Playground Design
Battle of Kapyong Memorial Plaza
L’essentiel Est Invisible > en_lp+
Critique
The Parting Shot | Une DernièRe Salve
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - Intro
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - cover1
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - cover2
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 3
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 4
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 5
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 6
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 7
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - To Begin With | Pour Commencer
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 9
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - Our Writers | Nos Collaborateurs
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 11
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 12
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 13
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - Prologue > Fr_ en_lp+ Sweeping the Forest Floor
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 15
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 16
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 17
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 18
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 19
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - Interview | Entrevue the Star Is in the Ballpark > fr_lp+
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 21
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 22
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 23
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 24
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 25
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - “Gravitas” – The Lost Airmen of the Empire
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 27
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 28
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - Creating Sacred Spaces – Weaving the Memorial Landscape
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 30
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 31
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 32
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - Sacré Montagne
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 34
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 35
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - Curating Calm in the Spirit of Mandalay, Myanmar
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 37
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 38
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 39
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - Kapabamayak Achaak | Wandering Spirit Healing Forest
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 41
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 42
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 43
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - By Invitation Only – Inclusive Playground Design
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 45
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 46
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - Battle of Kapyong Memorial Plaza
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 48
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 49
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 50
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - L’essentiel Est Invisible > en_lp+
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 52
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 53
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 54
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 55
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - Critique
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 57
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 58
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 59
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 60
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 61
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 62
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 63
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 64
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - 65
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - The Parting Shot | Une DernièRe Salve
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - cover3
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - cover4
Landscapes - Spring 2020 - LPplus 1
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