Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 16

PROLOGUE

03/	
MOULDING POTENTIAL
JASON HARE + JONATHAN WATTS

THE URBAN ENVIRONMENT is awash with a
series of planar, or nearly planar, surfaces. We
walk on them, drive on them, bike on them, sit
on them, sing about them and ultimately live
with them. We give form to the " concrete waste
land " and in turn, it forms us. Although surfaces
are just a generic category, it takes substance to
elevate a surface into existence.
In a recent article, the Guardian's global
environment editor Jonathan Watts states
that concrete is " the most widely used
building material in the world. There are now
approximately 2 tonnes of concrete for each
person on the planet earth. "
Watts goes on to visualise the scale at which
this castable material is being deposited,
noting, " In a single year, there is enough
[concrete poured] to patio over every hill,
dale, nook and cranny in England. " If the sheer
scale at which this global material is forming
the built environment is any indication of our
anthropogenic legacy, we might well ask what
other methods of moulding exist to inspire
future generations and to reduce our impact on
our planet?
REDUCING INPUTS
Concrete requires a surface to rest against
when undergoing its stiffening cycle. In the
construction and fabrication industry this formal
process is typically done through a series of
moulds; be it in situ or precast. Within an open
casting or closed moulding system, one thing
remains consistent between these methods:
it is faster and " cheaper " to set up and cast
within a standardized planar mould than it
would be for a non-planar bespoke mould. For
what standardized techniques offer in speed
and modularity, they blunder with their higher
embodied energy values. This is due, in part,
to the limited formal options resulting from
planar moulds.
A simple retaining wall mould might house
twice the material volume that is structurally
necessary for it to exist. Yet this mould does
not offer up convenient formal alternatives or
structural solutions towards reducing material
mass through a moulding process. In this
regard, mass is an unintended consequence of
the formal process. If mass is unintentional in
a planar moulding system, why not design an
alternative system?
16 LANDSCAPES | PAYSAGES

Enter a flexible approach to surface moulds,
the Variable Moulding Surface (VMS).
VARIABLE MOULDING SURFACE
Inspired by the actions of children playing with
" pin art boards, " the VMS is an attempt to
develop a system in which an open or closed
mould can be used to cast a variety of thermal
set materials, such as concrete. The VMS
employs the flexibility of polyurethane as a
casting surface with a fixed series of metal
rods embedded in an array of orbital sockets.
This entire moulding system is built on a
modular design principle, to allow for scalability.
EXPANDING POTENTIAL
Developing alternatives to current moulding
techniques is not new, nor novel. Though
what might be considered unique in this
system is the ability for the casting surface
to be positioned by either the human touch or
through computer-aided pin placement. In this
regard, we have a system that attempts to
directly translate digital geometry into physical
elements by expanding what " standards "
are offered through precast moulding
systems. Having the ability to translate digital
information into direct physical positioning,
opens a world of potential. This includes
the ability to cast forms that mimic existing
topologies, expand formal expression options,
reduce material mass while keeping structural
capacity intact, and eliminate mould waste.
All this, while being considerate of the
environmental impact formal geometry plays
on the built environment.

Jason Hare, B.ED., MLA, is the embodiment of
process-based research. As one of the founding
members and current manager of the FABLab
within the Faculty of Architecture, University of
Manitoba, Jason continues to parse novel means
of digital craft by critically engaging with vested
parties and sharing his passion for the built
environment.
Jon Watts is a technician at the FABLab within the
Faculty of Architecture, University of Manitoba.
Jon's work focuses on advanced 3D modelling
techniques involving the development of
parametric computer scripts, robotics and drones.



Landscapes - Spring 2021

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Landscapes - Spring 2021

TO BEGIN WITH | POUR COMMENCER
OUR WRITERS | NOS RÉDACTEURS
PROLOGUE
TECHNOLOGY AND THE CHANGING LANDSCAPE
VIRTUALIZATION OF THE LANDSCAPE DESIGN PROCESS
LE PAYSAGE VIRTUEL COMME OUTIL DE TRAVAIL
DATA-DRIVEN ZONING CODES FOR CLIMATE ACTION
3D FAX MACHINES
LA TECHNOLOGIE À LA RESCOUSSE DE LA SENSIBILITÉ
CRITIQUE
INTERVIEW
FORUM
THE PARTING SHOT | UNE DERNIÈRE SALVE
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - Intro
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 1
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 2
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 3
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 4
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 5
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 6
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 7
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - TO BEGIN WITH | POUR COMMENCER
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 9
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - OUR WRITERS | NOS RÉDACTEURS
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 11
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 12
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 13
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - PROLOGUE
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 15
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 16
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 17
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 18
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 19
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - TECHNOLOGY AND THE CHANGING LANDSCAPE
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 21
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 22
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 23
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 24
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 25
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - VIRTUALIZATION OF THE LANDSCAPE DESIGN PROCESS
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 27
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 28
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 29
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 30
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 31
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - LE PAYSAGE VIRTUEL COMME OUTIL DE TRAVAIL
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 33
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - DATA-DRIVEN ZONING CODES FOR CLIMATE ACTION
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 35
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 36
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 37
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 3D FAX MACHINES
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 39
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - LA TECHNOLOGIE À LA RESCOUSSE DE LA SENSIBILITÉ
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 41
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 42
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 43
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - CRITIQUE
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 45
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - INTERVIEW
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 47
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 48
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 49
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 50
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 51
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 52
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 53
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - FORUM
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 55
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 56
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 57
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 58
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 59
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 60
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 61
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 62
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 63
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 64
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 65
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - THE PARTING SHOT | UNE DERNIÈRE SALVE
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Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 68
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