Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 22

ESSAY

Alternately, people may choose to own
homes further from where they work due
to advances in teleworking adoption and
AVs, to travel into work less frequently. This
could encourage more urban sprawl, but it
will also place more pressure on suburban
open space as the suburbs grow, while at
the same time, freeing nature to return to
its rightful place in the city.

4

How We Construct
Once our design development is approved,
we will have a suite of new technologies to
see our projects built. First, with the mass
adoption of AR, the construction industry
will start to rely more on 3D models viewed
through AR and a little less on working
drawings on construction sites. When you
can stand onsite and see exactly where the
footing starts and how deep or what the
final design would look like in situ, surveying
will start to play a diminishing role. Also,
when you can click on any element of the
design in the field through AR and see
exactly how it is conceived in 3D, there will
be less reliance on traditional construction
details. The two will merge over the coming
decade, but clearly, projects will have to
be fully conceived in 3D (4D if the time
dimension is added, and multi-dimensional
if specifications and other properties are
linked to AR objects).
The other benefit of AR is that site changes,
site instructions and shop drawings will be
immediately available through the cloud
for field workers. 3D printing and onsite
micro-production techniques will allow for
new ways to fabricate complex geometric
forms. Construction administration will be
aided by high-resolution 3D point clouds
captured onsite daily by aerial drones
or through AR glasses with embedded
LiDAR scanners, showing the progress
of construction and even the quantities
of materials changing daily onsite. It is
4 FLYING DRONE OVER CIVIL
CONSTRUCTION SITE IN PROGRESS
PHOTO 4 ISTOCK.COM/96910603

22 LANDSCAPES | PAYSAGES

very easy now to rapidly 3D scan a site in
very high resolution to share with design
teams as construction progresses, so this
technology is already here and just needs
more adoption (see the " Surface Fax "
article on page 38 ).
I expect many of these tools will become
commonplace on every construction site
in the very near future, keeping a detailed
catalogue of exactly what was built and
where. Coupled with AR advances, you
will easily be able to see behind and under
landscapes and within the walls of buildings
with great accuracy. More and more clients
will require this type of technology for every
project, providing a record of what was built
and when.

The Importance of LA
I believe the prominence of landscape
architecture will take a giant leap forward
in the next decade. Beyond the need to
respond to growing environmental and
social consequences of human expansion,
the pandemic has shone a bright spotlight
on the importance of public open space
in our downtowns and our communities,
and the need for diverse multi-modal
transportation networks. At the same
time, autonomous electric vehicles are
fast approaching level-5 autonomy and will
soon be priced for the masses, changing
the paradigm for how people travel and
where they park their car. Giant swaths
of parking in our downtowns could be
converted to parks or new development
sites, as cars self-navigate (using clean
energy) to outlying areas of the city
where land values for parking are cheaper.

Could the business of landscape
architecture be susceptible to technological
disruptions now impacting other
professions? Many industries are now
facing disruption due to rapid technological
change. It's not just robots replacing
workers, entire industries are being
disrupted by technology. The advertising
industry was partially disrupted by the
Internet (for example, Google Ads) and even
some design industries such as graphic
design are being partially disrupted by
crowd-sourcing platforms that allow clients
to use low cost graphic designers from
other countries to do basic logo or web
design work. In our own professional sphere
of influence, the field of surveying could
face partial disruption from aerial drones
that can now easily 3D scan large swaths of
land to create detailed topographic maps,
and the rise of augmented reality where
construction surveying will play a less
prominent role on sites.
Generally speaking, I believe that creative
industries such as architecture, landscape
architecture and engineering will be spared
from any major disruptions in the coming
decades due to the place-specificity of our
work, but certain parts of our work could
become redundant.

Navigating the Next Decade
Technology will create new opportunities
for landscape architects and a new demand
for our special and unique skills. We will,
however, have to step-up to adopt the new
challenges much more rapidly than we
have in the past. Fundamental aspects of
our design and construction process will be
altered in the coming decade. We will need
to keep a close pulse on the changes and
how rapidly they are being adopted by our
allied professions and contractors. The next
10 years are going to be a wild and exciting
ride in landscape architecture, so grab your
mouse (or your VR headset) and strap in for
the fun.


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Landscapes - Spring 2021

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Landscapes - Spring 2021

TO BEGIN WITH | POUR COMMENCER
OUR WRITERS | NOS RÉDACTEURS
PROLOGUE
TECHNOLOGY AND THE CHANGING LANDSCAPE
VIRTUALIZATION OF THE LANDSCAPE DESIGN PROCESS
LE PAYSAGE VIRTUEL COMME OUTIL DE TRAVAIL
DATA-DRIVEN ZONING CODES FOR CLIMATE ACTION
3D FAX MACHINES
LA TECHNOLOGIE À LA RESCOUSSE DE LA SENSIBILITÉ
CRITIQUE
INTERVIEW
FORUM
THE PARTING SHOT | UNE DERNIÈRE SALVE
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - Intro
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 1
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 2
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 3
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 4
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 5
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 6
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 7
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - TO BEGIN WITH | POUR COMMENCER
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 9
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - OUR WRITERS | NOS RÉDACTEURS
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 11
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 12
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 13
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - PROLOGUE
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 15
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 16
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 17
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 18
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 19
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - TECHNOLOGY AND THE CHANGING LANDSCAPE
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 21
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 22
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 23
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 24
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 25
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - VIRTUALIZATION OF THE LANDSCAPE DESIGN PROCESS
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 27
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 28
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 29
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 30
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 31
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - LE PAYSAGE VIRTUEL COMME OUTIL DE TRAVAIL
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 33
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - DATA-DRIVEN ZONING CODES FOR CLIMATE ACTION
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 35
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 36
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 37
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 3D FAX MACHINES
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 39
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - LA TECHNOLOGIE À LA RESCOUSSE DE LA SENSIBILITÉ
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 41
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 42
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 43
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - CRITIQUE
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 45
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - INTERVIEW
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 47
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 48
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 49
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 50
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 51
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 52
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 53
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - FORUM
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Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 60
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 61
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Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 63
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 64
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 65
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - THE PARTING SHOT | UNE DERNIÈRE SALVE
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Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 68
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