Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 34

FOCUS

FADI MASOUD + ISAAC SEAH

DATA-DRIVEN ZONING CODES
FOR CLIMATE ACTION
>FR_LP+
DES CODES DE ZONAGE BASÉS SUR LES
DONNÉES POUR L'ACTION CLIMATIQUE
La façon dont une région urbaine est
conçue par rapport aux systèmes et
processus naturels qui la sous-tendent a
des conséquences considérables sur sa
capacité à prévenir, à survivre, à atténuer
et à s'adapter aux défis climatiques. Mais
dans quelle mesure les citoyens et les
décideurs comprennent-ils les attributs
physiques de leur environnement ?
HOW AN URBAN region is designed
in relation to its underlaying natural
systems and processes has tremendous
consequence for its capacity to prevent,
survive, mitigate and adapt to climactic
challenges. But to what extent do citizens
and decision-makers comprehend the
physical attributes of their environmental
surroundings? Are they aware, for

example, of the topographic or geological
variabilities of their neighbourhood and
its capacity to retain and convey water?
Are they aware how far the water table is
from the foundations of their homes and
basements? Do they grasp the effects of
paved surfaces or a healthy tree canopy on
urban heat islands and their physical and
mental well-being? Do they see the value
of continuous protected networks of parks,
ravines and wetlands in reducing overland
flooding and rejuvenating ground water
aquifers? Cities and regional conservation
authorities tend to be the front-runners
in acting and garnering political will to
respond to climate change. As such, it is
important to build public and institutional
literacy of our landscapes as critical
infrastructures in the fight against climate
change, the future of urban resilience,
mitigation and adaptation.
With the proliferation of data in our
digital age, it is critical to find ways
for landscape architects to harness
environmental knowledge in service
of climate action. Many of our natural
systems are already digitally monitored,
modelled and quantified. From tidal gauges
to stormwater runoff valves, and from
heat sensors to soil salinity gradients,
to water-table levels, the geophysicaldigital interface is generating billions of
data points every minute, describing the
environment around us in bits and bytes in
real-time.

1 SUNNY DAY - KING TIDE FLOODING IN FORT
LAUDERDALE (OCTOBER 2016) 2 SOUTH FLORIDA'S
URBAN FABRIC IS SITUATED WITHIN A LARGE ESTUARY.
1

34 LANDSCAPES | PAYSAGES

PHOTO/IMAGE 1+2 FADI MASOUD

With the voluminous explosion of data
available about the world, designers and
policymakers are now able to leverage
rich data ecosystems to substantiate
different aspects of a design and planning
process. This goes from predicting trends
in a physical space, to synthesizing datadriven solutions, to improving green
infrastructure performance within the built
environment. We see this as an opportunity
to create new visualization tools that
render visible the interrelations between
geo-physical conditions and the process
of city building. We see this as the basis
for better informed decision making and
climate action - especially in the context of
our dated land use zoning codes.

Static Planning Tools in a
Dynamic Landscape
Reductive land use policies, such as
the universally adopted Land-based
Classification Standards (LBCS) have
formed the basis of our cities' land use
zoning laws for almost a century. LBCS
describe the permitted uses of land parcels
(residential, commercial, industrial, etc.)
absent a robust and nuanced description
of the land itself. LBCS also jettison the
scenario-driven models needed for
climate-based adaptive resilient design,
as they are static and neglect to factor
in the dynamic conditions of changing
landscapes. In many places, these
normative zoning codes have rendered
themselves extraneous in truly dealing
with the impacts of climate change. For
example, some regions continue to be
zoned for typical future residential land
use, knowing they are under severe risk
of future flooding. We simply ask:

2



Landscapes - Spring 2021

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Landscapes - Spring 2021

TO BEGIN WITH | POUR COMMENCER
OUR WRITERS | NOS RÉDACTEURS
PROLOGUE
TECHNOLOGY AND THE CHANGING LANDSCAPE
VIRTUALIZATION OF THE LANDSCAPE DESIGN PROCESS
LE PAYSAGE VIRTUEL COMME OUTIL DE TRAVAIL
DATA-DRIVEN ZONING CODES FOR CLIMATE ACTION
3D FAX MACHINES
LA TECHNOLOGIE À LA RESCOUSSE DE LA SENSIBILITÉ
CRITIQUE
INTERVIEW
FORUM
THE PARTING SHOT | UNE DERNIÈRE SALVE
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - Intro
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 1
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 2
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 3
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 4
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 5
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 6
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 7
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - TO BEGIN WITH | POUR COMMENCER
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 9
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - OUR WRITERS | NOS RÉDACTEURS
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 11
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 12
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 13
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - PROLOGUE
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 15
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 16
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 17
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 18
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 19
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - TECHNOLOGY AND THE CHANGING LANDSCAPE
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 21
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 22
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 23
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 24
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 25
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - VIRTUALIZATION OF THE LANDSCAPE DESIGN PROCESS
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 27
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 28
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 29
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 30
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 31
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - LE PAYSAGE VIRTUEL COMME OUTIL DE TRAVAIL
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 33
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - DATA-DRIVEN ZONING CODES FOR CLIMATE ACTION
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 35
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 36
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 37
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 3D FAX MACHINES
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 39
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - LA TECHNOLOGIE À LA RESCOUSSE DE LA SENSIBILITÉ
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 41
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 42
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 43
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - CRITIQUE
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 45
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - INTERVIEW
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 47
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 48
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 49
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 50
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 51
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 52
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 53
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - FORUM
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 55
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 56
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 57
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 58
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 59
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 60
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 61
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 62
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 63
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 64
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 65
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - THE PARTING SHOT | UNE DERNIÈRE SALVE
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 67
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 68
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Landscapes - Spring 2021 - LPplus29
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - LPplus30
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - LPplus31
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