Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 36

Urban Morphology

Landscape Transformation

FOCUS

3

land. Instead of the rigid reductionism of
conventional land use, new categories could
eventually evolve into a series of overlapping
gradients, eliciting a multifunctional,
dynamic understanding of land(scape) and
use that are absent from current regulation.

Harnessing Data for a Rapidly
Changing Urban Environment
In the face of recent erratic climate change
events, the need for a zoning approach
that embraces change as well as multiple
endpoints of uncertainty is ever more
pressing. As rising sea levels threaten an
increasing number of growing coastal
cities, unpredictable rain events overwhelm
dated infrastructures, and forest wildfires
inch closer to residential communities,
stakeholders need to recognize that a
one size fits all zoning approach is no
longer effective.
The idealized concept of " highest and
best use " should be left behind. In this
new reality, our team at the University of
Toronto's Centre for Landscape Research
proposes a data-driven, flexible zoning
code that allows land use standards
to emerge from dynamic, ecologically

informed thinking, rather than a dated
static approach.
As we become increasingly surrounded by
the aggregation of data from a multitude
of sources, revisiting how we regulate the
use of land and what may be built on it has
become more achievable than ever. After
all, geo-spatial mapping, planning, design
and construction delivery are all digitally
produced and acquiesced. By aligning rich
environmental data with computational
advancements in algorithmic design,
optimization and parametric variation,
our existing computer-aided design and
planning processes can be realigned to
produce novel and more nuanced codes for
the environments they serve. In essence,
instead of applying a generic code to a
region or parcel of land, the land use-code
is derived, informed and shaped through
the optimal design for that parcel based on
environmental and geo-physical data, as
well as projected climatic risks overtime.

Deploying Data Driven Design
at Different Scales
Despite the prevalence and availability of
data, finding the right application is equally,

3 SERIES OF PROJECTIVE SPECULATIVE " FLUX " CODES THAT COMBINE PERFORMATIVE LANDSCAPE
STRATEGIES AND BUILT FORM 4 GROUND WATER STORAGE POTENTIAL MODELS. BLUE: HIGHEST STORAGE
POTENTIAL - RED: LOWEST STORAGE POTENTIAL 5 INTERACTIVE WEB-PLATFORM THAT VISUALIZES AND
OVERLAYS VARIOUS EXISTING, PROJECTED, AND REAL-TIME HYDROLOGIC, GEOLOGIC, AND POLICY DATA LAYERS.
THE PLATFORM REVEALS SECTIONAL RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN THE BUILT FROM AND GROUND WATER
CONDITIONS. IT ALSO SHOWS THE RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN LAND USE AND FLOOD RISK GRADIENTS.
IMAGES 3 FADI MASOUD - CENTRE FOR LANDSCAPE RESEARCH 4 BROWARD COUNTY ENVIRONMENTAL
PROTECTION AND GROWTH MANAGEMENT DEPARTMENT (2016) 5 MIT URBAN RISK LAB AND CENTRE
FOR LANDSCAPE RESEARCH - UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO (MASOUD / MAZEREEUW)

36 LANDSCAPES | PAYSAGES

if not more important. As the size of a
project increases, so does the reservoir
of information to which the project might
respond. At a larger scale, a data driven
process will be more effective if it focuses on
understanding, categorizing and prioritizing
these vast reservoirs of data. In contrast, at
a smaller design scale, the process would
excel at identifying and negotiating the
relationships between details and tactics,
form and performance.
We test this idea in the context of Southeast
Florida, a growing urban region at the front
lines of the climate crisis. Despite being
one of North America's fastest-growing
regions, Southeast Florida is also one of
its most threatened. Due to its low-lying
estuarine condition and porous geology,
it is projected that as many as 2.5 million
residents will be forced to move due to sea
level rise by 2050. Defined by a combination
of hard mechanical infrastructural systems,
and developer-driven, master-planned
subdivisions, current zoning codes have
proven to be generally ineffective in truly
adapting to this region's dramatically
fluctuating environment.
By adopting a data-driven approach
to re-imagine the land use zoning code
of Broward County, Florida, we used
geo-physical and environmental risk factors
to categorize the county into distinct
development zones. In a series of modelling
sets provided by the county, three zones
can be observed: the coastal zone, which



Landscapes - Spring 2021

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Landscapes - Spring 2021

TO BEGIN WITH | POUR COMMENCER
OUR WRITERS | NOS RÉDACTEURS
PROLOGUE
TECHNOLOGY AND THE CHANGING LANDSCAPE
VIRTUALIZATION OF THE LANDSCAPE DESIGN PROCESS
LE PAYSAGE VIRTUEL COMME OUTIL DE TRAVAIL
DATA-DRIVEN ZONING CODES FOR CLIMATE ACTION
3D FAX MACHINES
LA TECHNOLOGIE À LA RESCOUSSE DE LA SENSIBILITÉ
CRITIQUE
INTERVIEW
FORUM
THE PARTING SHOT | UNE DERNIÈRE SALVE
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - Intro
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 1
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 2
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 3
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 4
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 5
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 6
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 7
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - TO BEGIN WITH | POUR COMMENCER
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 9
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - OUR WRITERS | NOS RÉDACTEURS
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 11
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 12
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 13
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - PROLOGUE
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 15
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 16
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 17
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 18
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 19
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - TECHNOLOGY AND THE CHANGING LANDSCAPE
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 21
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 22
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 23
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 24
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 25
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - VIRTUALIZATION OF THE LANDSCAPE DESIGN PROCESS
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 27
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 28
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 29
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 30
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 31
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - LE PAYSAGE VIRTUEL COMME OUTIL DE TRAVAIL
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 33
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - DATA-DRIVEN ZONING CODES FOR CLIMATE ACTION
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 35
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 36
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 37
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 3D FAX MACHINES
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 39
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - LA TECHNOLOGIE À LA RESCOUSSE DE LA SENSIBILITÉ
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 41
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 42
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 43
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - CRITIQUE
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 45
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - INTERVIEW
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 47
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 48
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 49
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 50
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 51
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 52
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 53
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - FORUM
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 55
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 56
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 57
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 58
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 59
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 60
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 61
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 62
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 63
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 64
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 65
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - THE PARTING SHOT | UNE DERNIÈRE SALVE
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 67
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - 68
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - LPplus1
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - LPplus 2
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - LPplus3
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - LPplus4
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - LPplus5
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - LPplus6
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - LPplus7
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - LPplus8
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - LPplus9
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - LPplus10
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - LPplus11
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - LPplus12
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - LPplus13
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - LPplus14
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - LPplus15
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - LPplus16
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - LPplus17
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - LPplus18
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - LPplus19
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - LPplus20
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - LPplus21
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - LPplus22
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - LPplus23
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - LPplus24
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - LPplus25
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - LPplus26
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - LPplus27
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - LPplus28
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - LPplus29
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - LPplus30
Landscapes - Spring 2021 - LPplus31
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/CSLQ/CSLQ0121
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/CSLQ/CSLQ0420
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/CSLQ/CSLQ0320
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/CSLQ/CSLQ0220
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/CSLQ/CSLQ0120
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/CSLQ/CSLQ0419
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/CSLQ/CSLQ0319
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/CSLQ/CSLQ0219
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/CSLQ/CSLQ0119
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/CSLQ/CSLQ0418
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/CSLQ/CSLQ0318
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/CSLQ/CSLQ0218
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/CSLQ/CSLQ0118
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/CSLQ/CSLQ0417
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/CSLQ/CSLQ0317
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/CSLQ/CSLQ0217
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/CSLQ/CSLQ0117
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/CSLQ/CSLQ0416
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/CSLQ/CSLQ0316
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/CSLQ/CSLQ0216
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/CSLQ/CSLQ0116
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/CSLQ/CSLQ0415
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/CSLQ/CSLQ0315
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/CSLQ/CSLQ0215
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/CSLQ/CSLQ0115
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/CSLQ/CSLQ0414
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/CSLQ/CSLQ0314
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/CSLQ/CSLQ0214
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/CSLQ/CSLQ0114
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/CSLQ/CSLQ0413
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/CSLQ/CSLQ0313
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/CSLQ/CSLQ0213
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/naylor/CSLQ0113
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/naylor/CSLQ0412
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/naylor/CSLQ0312
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/naylor/CSLQ0212
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/naylor/CSLQ0112
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/naylor/CSLQ0411
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/naylor/CSLQ0311
https://www.nxtbookmedia.com