Landscapes - Summer 2016 - (Page 48)

dIGITAL FABRICATION IN THE FABL AB GETTING DIGITALLY DIRTY IMPROVISaTIONaL BRICOLaGE FR_RESUMÉ BRICOLER uNE MAQuETTE NuMÉRIQuE LORSQUE LES CONCEPTEURS ont accès à une vaste gamme d'outils de fabrication assistée par ordinateur, des ateliers comme le FABLab de l'Université du Manitoba deviennent des bancs d'essai pour raffiner les idées. Les étudiants y acquièrent des techniques leur permettant de repousser les limites des applications traditionnelles. Au lieu d'être restreints par les techniques standards, les concepteurs/maquettistes entreprennent un bricolage improvisé avec ces outils. EN_ DIGITAL FABRICATION AND tools associated with this field can hardly be defined as "new" technology. In fact the profession of landscape architecture has been articulating its ideas using these tools for decades now. Think of the use of water jetting to produce the detailed stone inlays that furnish public parks or the laser etching tools which create steel signage for wayfinding. What is new is not only the means in which individuals gain access to fabrication tools but also the way in which they develop their abilities to digitally and directly manipulate them. Over the past decade the global emergence of crowd sourcing projects fueled through social networking has begun to pry open a gap in the industry of prototyping and model making. Suddenly maker spaces and Fablab's have emerged, popping up in cities, towns and garages around the world. When designers are granted direct access to a wide range of digital fabrication tools, the workshop or the lab becomes a proving ground for shaping ideas. THE FABLab What we have seen in the university of Manitoba's FABLab in the past few years is the slow movement away from monolithic homogenized material compositions, towards a heterogeneous assemblage of articulating parts. As students work with the tools over time, they develop the skills 48 LANDSCAPES PAYSAGES IN THE FABLaB JASON HARE 1 2 to push the customary limits of traditional applications. Instead of being bounded by standard techniques, designers/makers rather enter into a kind of improvisational bricolage with these tools. Laser etching, CNC milling, 3D printing and hand craft come together (image2) to aid in the composition of a physical model. AVENUES OF EXPLORATION Many avenues of exploration are extremely well suited to the field of landscape architecture. In LP's 2015 Awards of Excellence issue (LP vol. 17, no. 3, "Bee Bold"), Liat Margolis and J. Scott MacIvor showed us the possibilities by describing the work of students studying Animal Architecture & Biomimetic Geometries at the university of Toronto. Each student investigated the habitat parameters for a single bee species, in order to create a nesting habitat ideal for that species alone (image 4). The individual habitat variables were too numerous to count: depth of nesting cavities, protection from water or collection of water, cleanability, orientation of stem lengths, visual patterning and more. The students produced a wide range of formal typologies, establishing design principles for new geometries and material configurations. Because of the flexibly of digital fabrication tools, the designers could acknowledge the innate diversity of individual species and allow for a multiplicity of specific design elements, each suited to an individual bee species. Their constructions opened a window into the future of digital fabrication. THE CLOUDS IN OUR COMPUTERS At present, digital fabrication in LA education has focused heavily on smallscale prototypes, model building and architectural pavilions. Some of the recent work at Winnipeg's FABLab has focused on digitizing mid-sized landscapes through point cloud construction, by way of photogrammetry techniques. Initially, aerial images are captured by a small uAV (drone) or acquired by simply walking through a landscape and snapping a series of overlapping photographs. These images are then reconstructed into a three dimensional digital model consisting of 3

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Landscapes - Summer 2016

To Begin With
Our Writers
Spotlight on Schools
2020 Vision: 3 University Landscapes
Active Praxis, Hybrid Practice
Entangled With the Real World: Experiential Learning
Round Table
Les Jardins De MéTis: A New Landscape Lab Emerges
Vivarium: A Sky Condo
Getting Digitally Dirty: Improvisational Bricolage in the FABlab
Designing Play
A Smile on the Lips
How to Present a Successful Webinar
The Last Word

Landscapes - Summer 2016