Landscapes - Winter 2017 - 60

LACF | BOURSES DE LA FACP

...his story is an international one spanning Africa, the Middle East, India,
China, Australia and the Americas.

3

A LUMBERJACK WHO
PLANTED SHELTERBELTS
Whilst in Saskatchewan, Baker took
the Bible to far-flung communities, but
he also worked as a lumberjack near
Prince Albert, and tried his hand at
homesteading. He planted shelterbelts on
local farms and witnessed the beginnings
of the dust bowl. The sight of the fragile
soil of the Prairie blowing away in the wind
was to stay with him for the rest of his life.
Baker left Canada in 1913 to study
Theology at Cambridge, but the Great
War intervened. Thereafter, he switched
to Forestry, and would spend his life
addressing the interrelation between tree
cover and the erosion of farmland.
AN AGRO AND SOCIAL PIONEER
A wonderful tangential addition to his
time at Cambridge was that, in 1919, he
invented the modern caravan. This event
in itself is often seen as a footnote in
his history, but for me it exemplifies his
resourceful and compassionate social and
economic acumen. He repurposed timber
airplane parts which were surplus after
the war and recruited disabled ex-soldiers
in the construction of the caravans.
The enterprise was a way of addressing
the housing crisis faced by returning
servicemen. One early jewel that I found
in the archives was a photo of Baker and
the Navarac caravan - the first piece of
visual evidence that I had seen of this part
of his story.

3 BAKER VISITED PALESTINE IN 1929 WHERE HE WAS
STYLED AS A 'LAURENCE OF THE TREES' FIGURE. 4 A
LANTERN SLIDE SHOWING A TREE NURSERY WITH
THE SMALL PLANTS BEING CAREFULLY TENDED

60 LANDSCAPES PAYSAGES

PEOPLE OF THE TREES
Upon graduation, Baker was appointed
Assistant Conservator of Forests in Kenya,
a post he held from 1920-23. It was there
that he formed the Watu Wa Miti - People
of the Trees - a voluntary tree planting
organisation within the Kikuyu tribe.
Baker wanted to draw attention to the
deforestation that was a consequence
of colonial extraction and local farming
practices, and the lack of funding to deal
with the problem.
With the Watu Wa Miti, he planned an initial
event, a Dance of the Trees, in which the
group adapted traditional Kikuyu dances
for planting and harvesting. Attended by
thousands of young men and women,
this Dance of the Trees cemented Baker's
reputation as a pioneer of agro and social
forestry and became his international
calling card. In two particularly heavy boxes
I found heavy glass slides of objects like the
bracelets worn by the Watu Wa Miti, and
photos of the tree nurseries where small
seedlings were sheltered from the sun.
The Watu Wa Miti went on to become the
Men of the Trees in Britain in 1924, with
chapters being formed across the English
speaking world. There were active groups
in Canada from the 1930s, as well as in
Australia, New Zealand and elsewhere.

4

One of the first environmental NGOs, the
group described themselves as 'a society
of earth healers...working to create a
universal tree sense and to encourage all to
plant, protect and love trees everywhere.'
In the UK the organization formally became
the International Tree Foundation in the
1990s, and still funds tree planting projects
at home and in Africa.
THE POWER OF THE VISIONARY
Baker was a prodigious and innovative
broadcaster and lecturer, writing more
than thirty books and tirelessly travelling
the world spreading the message
about the essential role that trees have
in creating and regulating the earth's
atmosphere. In the 1930s he toured North
America, where he was involved in the
creation of the Civilian Conservation
Corps under F.D. Roosevelt, in bringing
the Save the Redwoods campaign to an
international audience, and in proposing
ways of averting a humanitarian crisis in
Sub Saharan Africa through afforestation.
Only now is this becoming a reality across
the Sahel, as the African Union implements
Africa's Great Green Wall.
Baker was made an Honorary Doctor of
Laws by the University of Saskatchewan
in 1971 and awarded an OBE in 1978 for his
tireless dedication to conservation and



Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Landscapes - Winter 2017

To Begin With
Une Dernière Salve
Collaborateurs
Writers
Upfront
Prologue
La Vague
Romance of the Stone
La Pierre Romancée
Numériser La Nature
Riding Technology’s Wild Interface
Flooding Fields
Conversation
Designing Invisible Landscapes
Stacking Up - the LA’s Toolkit: A Groundhog Plugin for Grasshopper
Grasshopper Gagne Un Plugiciel
Wood Works
Floating a New Idea for Water Stewardship
LACF
Bourses De La FACP
Critique
Parting Shot
Une Dernière Salve
Landscapes - Winter 2017 - INTRO
Landscapes - Winter 2017 - cover1
Landscapes - Winter 2017 - cover2
Landscapes - Winter 2017 - 3
Landscapes - Winter 2017 - 4
Landscapes - Winter 2017 - 5
Landscapes - Winter 2017 - 6
Landscapes - Winter 2017 - 7
Landscapes - Winter 2017 - Une Dernière Salve
Landscapes - Winter 2017 - 9
Landscapes - Winter 2017 - Writers
Landscapes - Winter 2017 - 11
Landscapes - Winter 2017 - 12
Landscapes - Winter 2017 - 13
Landscapes - Winter 2017 - 14
Landscapes - Winter 2017 - Prologue
Landscapes - Winter 2017 - 16
Landscapes - Winter 2017 - 17
Landscapes - Winter 2017 - 18
Landscapes - Winter 2017 - 19
Landscapes - Winter 2017 - La Vague
Landscapes - Winter 2017 - 21
Landscapes - Winter 2017 - La Pierre Romancée
Landscapes - Winter 2017 - 23
Landscapes - Winter 2017 - 24
Landscapes - Winter 2017 - 25
Landscapes - Winter 2017 - 26
Landscapes - Winter 2017 - 27
Landscapes - Winter 2017 - Riding Technology’s Wild Interface
Landscapes - Winter 2017 - 29
Landscapes - Winter 2017 - 30
Landscapes - Winter 2017 - 31
Landscapes - Winter 2017 - 32
Landscapes - Winter 2017 - Flooding Fields
Landscapes - Winter 2017 - 34
Landscapes - Winter 2017 - 35
Landscapes - Winter 2017 - Conversation
Landscapes - Winter 2017 - 37
Landscapes - Winter 2017 - 38
Landscapes - Winter 2017 - 39
Landscapes - Winter 2017 - 40
Landscapes - Winter 2017 - 41
Landscapes - Winter 2017 - 42
Landscapes - Winter 2017 - Designing Invisible Landscapes
Landscapes - Winter 2017 - 44
Landscapes - Winter 2017 - 45
Landscapes - Winter 2017 - Grasshopper Gagne Un Plugiciel
Landscapes - Winter 2017 - 47
Landscapes - Winter 2017 - 48
Landscapes - Winter 2017 - 49
Landscapes - Winter 2017 - 50
Landscapes - Winter 2017 - 51
Landscapes - Winter 2017 - Wood Works
Landscapes - Winter 2017 - 53
Landscapes - Winter 2017 - Floating a New Idea for Water Stewardship
Landscapes - Winter 2017 - 55
Landscapes - Winter 2017 - 56
Landscapes - Winter 2017 - 57
Landscapes - Winter 2017 - 58
Landscapes - Winter 2017 - Bourses De La FACP
Landscapes - Winter 2017 - 60
Landscapes - Winter 2017 - 61
Landscapes - Winter 2017 - Critique
Landscapes - Winter 2017 - 63
Landscapes - Winter 2017 - 64
Landscapes - Winter 2017 - 65
Landscapes - Winter 2017 - 66
Landscapes - Winter 2017 - 67
Landscapes - Winter 2017 - 68
Landscapes - Winter 2017 - 69
Landscapes - Winter 2017 - 70
Landscapes - Winter 2017 - 71
Landscapes - Winter 2017 - 72
Landscapes - Winter 2017 - 73
Landscapes - Winter 2017 - 74
Landscapes - Winter 2017 - 75
Landscapes - Winter 2017 - 76
Landscapes - Winter 2017 - Une Dernière Salve
Landscapes - Winter 2017 - 78
Landscapes - Winter 2017 - cover3
Landscapes - Winter 2017 - cover4
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