Landscapes - Winter 2021 - 40

FOCUS
JENNA DAVIDSON + RYAN GORRIE
INDIGENOUS
RECLAMATION THROUGH
LANDSCAPE DESIGN
>FR_LP+ L'AMÉNAGEMENT PAYSAGER,
OUTIL DE RECONQUÊTE AUTOCHTONE
Les urbanistes, architectes et architectes
paysagistes autochtones se réapproprient
la culture et redéfinissent l'expression
autochtone par le design.
INDIGENOUS PLANNERS, LANDSCAPE
ARCHITECTS and architects are doing
more than design - they are reclaiming
culture and redefining Indigenous
expression. For generations, Indigenous
peoples, cultures and experiences have
been misrepresented through the media,
misinterpreted by anthropologists and
intentionally discredited by colonial
powers. Increasingly, and with the current
reset, there are opportunities to change
how Indigeneity is represented and to
shift commonly held attitudes around
contemporary Indigenous experience,
particularly in the built environment and
landscape architecture fields.
Brook McIlroy and the Indigenous Design
Studio, based out of offices in Toronto,
Thunder Bay and Winnipeg, are part
of this ongoing movement to restore
Indigenous presence in the landscapes
within Indigenous territories and to amplify
Indigenous narratives of past, present and
future. Brook McIlroy and the Indigenous
Design Studio's focus is on process.
With Indigenous and non-Indigenous
practitioners working side-by-side, the
process unveils an iterative approach to
co-design that integrates Indigenous
40 LANDSCAPES | PAYSAGES
knowledges, reflects upon local histories
and ecologies, and facilitates crosscultural
dialogue and relationship building.
We emphasize Indigenous involvement
in all phases and facets of project
methodology and delivery, regardless
of site location or typology. Three of
our major recent projects in Ontario
- Spirit Garden, Cultural Markers, and
Creator's Garden and Amphitheatre -
showcase award-winning, Indigenous-led
design and provide a tangible look
at how Indigenous placemaking and
placekeeping unfold.
Spirit Garden - Thunder Bay*
Along the shoreline of the City of Thunder
Bay rests a gathering place of sacred and
holistic beauty. With Lake Superior as
its backdrop, the Spirit Garden emerges
from a small peninsula that juts out from
Marine Park Drive, touched by water on
three sides. Beginning in 2006, Brook
McIlroy's design team was commissioned
to lead the transformation of the public
park area of Prince Arthur's Landing,
an important connection between the
water's edge and Downtown Thunder
Bay. Robinson-Superior Treaty
Indigenous communities, the Red Sky
Métis, and Fort William First Nation
were engaged with the assistance of
Anishinaabe facilitator, JP Gladu, while
Anishinaabe architect (intern at the time),
Ryan Gorrie of the Indigenous Design
Studio, generated design concepts
and presented to Indigenous and City
stakeholders.
The result is a stunning, circular, open-air
bentwood pavilion that brings peoples
of all walks of life to gather, sit and reflect
under its boughs. Named " Celebration
Circle, " the main structure within the Spirit
Garden is designed to reflect imagery,
materiality, building techniques and
philosophies of Indigenous knowledge
and ways of being. The inclusive circle and
hillside amphitheatre provide space for
contemporary ceremonies, music, theatre
and events, while honouring and giving
visibility to the deep cultural and historic
roots of the landscape. The designed
ambiguity of the structure opens the space
for peaceful co-existence and respect for
other cultures, peoples and connections
to the natural world. In this way, the
landscape design established an accessible,
common ground for shared learning
and contemplation, connecting visitors
to a greater awareness of geographic,
cultural and environmental location.
Since its construction in 2012, the Spirit
Garden has seen much use and enjoyment
by the Thunder Bay and surrounding
communities. It has introduced a place
of healing, connection and identity for
all those who interact with and share the
landscape for years to come.
Cultural Markers - Humber
College, Etobicoke
Design can be a signal for transfers
of Indigenous knowledges through
storytelling. The Cultural Markers project at
Humber College in Etobicoke demonstrates
how design of the built environment

Landscapes - Winter 2021

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Landscapes - Winter 2021

Landscape Forms Inc.
APE Studio Inc.
Green Theory Design
Danver
Earthscape
Landscape Structures Inc.
The Whitacre Greer Company
IRONSMITH
Bartlett Tree Experts
The Belden Brick Company
Most Dependable Fountains, Inc.
Bison Innovative Products
DuMor Inc.
BG-Graspointner Inc.
Cadron Creek Play
Hauser Industries Inc.
SOLUS DECOR
Carl Stahl DecorCable
Central Precast Inc.
DOGIPOT
Invisible Structures, Inc.
Beaver Valley Stone Ltd.
The Belden Brick Company
Maglin Site Furniture Inc.
HUB International Ontario Limited
Green Theory Design
Grind to a Halt, Inc.
Palmetto Planters, LLC
Pro-Form Sinclair Professional
Old Town Fiberglass
Victor Stanley Inc.
Wundercovers
Wishbone Site Furnishings
Victor Stanley Inc.
Maglin Site Furniture Inc.
Landscapes - Winter 2021 - Intro
Landscapes - Winter 2021 - cover1
Landscapes - Winter 2021 - cover2
Landscapes - Winter 2021 - Landscape Forms Inc.
Landscapes - Winter 2021 - APE Studio Inc.
Landscapes - Winter 2021 - Green Theory Design
Landscapes - Winter 2021 - 6
Landscapes - Winter 2021 - 7
Landscapes - Winter 2021 - 8
Landscapes - Winter 2021 - 9
Landscapes - Winter 2021 - Danver
Landscapes - Winter 2021 - Earthscape
Landscapes - Winter 2021 - 12
Landscapes - Winter 2021 - 13
Landscapes - Winter 2021 - Landscape Structures Inc.
Landscapes - Winter 2021 - Insert1
Landscapes - Winter 2021 - Insert2
Landscapes - Winter 2021 - The Whitacre Greer Company
Landscapes - Winter 2021 - 16
Landscapes - Winter 2021 - 17
Landscapes - Winter 2021 - 18
Landscapes - Winter 2021 - IRONSMITH
Landscapes - Winter 2021 - Bartlett Tree Experts
Landscapes - Winter 2021 - The Belden Brick Company
Landscapes - Winter 2021 - 22
Landscapes - Winter 2021 - 23
Landscapes - Winter 2021 - 24
Landscapes - Winter 2021 - 25
Landscapes - Winter 2021 - 26
Landscapes - Winter 2021 - 27
Landscapes - Winter 2021 - 28
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Landscapes - Winter 2021 - 30
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Landscapes - Winter 2021 - 40
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Landscapes - Winter 2021 - 47
Landscapes - Winter 2021 - 48
Landscapes - Winter 2021 - 49
Landscapes - Winter 2021 - Most Dependable Fountains, Inc.
Landscapes - Winter 2021 - DuMor Inc.
Landscapes - Winter 2021 - 52
Landscapes - Winter 2021 - 53
Landscapes - Winter 2021 - 54
Landscapes - Winter 2021 - 55
Landscapes - Winter 2021 - Cadron Creek Play
Landscapes - Winter 2021 - SOLUS DECOR
Landscapes - Winter 2021 - Invisible Structures, Inc.
Landscapes - Winter 2021 - Grind to a Halt, Inc.
Landscapes - Winter 2021 - Old Town Fiberglass
Landscapes - Winter 2021 - Wundercovers
Landscapes - Winter 2021 - 62
Landscapes - Winter 2021 - cover3
Landscapes - Winter 2021 - cover4
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