CONNstruction - Winter 2018 - 18

feature

PREVENTING RUNOVERS
& BACKOVERS IN WORK

ZONES AND CONSTRUCTION SITES

By Chip Darius, OHST, CET, CSHO

Introduction

ROMAN50/SHUTTERSTOCK.COM

Most fatalities in construction are
caused by four types of hazards: fall, struck
by, caught between, and electrocution.
"Struck by" is one of the Focus Four hazards every construction company should
be focused on. Typical examples of "struck
by" hazards include traffic passing through
a work zone, vehicle and equipment movement within a work zone or in a construction area, rotating or swinging equipment
(such as an excavator), and falling loads,
tools or items.
Worker fatalities in work zones dropped
due to the recession, hovering around 100
fatalities per year from 2007 to 2013, but
numbers are rising again as the economy picks up steam and roadway work

18 / CONNstruction / WINTER 2018

projects increase. One hundred forty-three
worker fatalities in work zones were
recorded in 2016.

OSHA is the Minimum
OSHA standards establish minimum
legal standards for safety programs, and
many employers rely on OSHA when
creating company safety plans and policies. In this particular area, it is essential
to underline the word minimum because
OSHA standards lag far behind the current consensus standards and recognized
industry safety practices. Employers committed to protecting workers from struck
by hazards must set their sights higher
than the OSHA minimums, looking to
ANSI consensus standards and industry

practices for guidance. This article explains
the current federal OSHA and industry
safety practices.
Starting at the most general level, workers have to be trained to recognize and
avoid hazards they will encounter. This is
a very broad requirement, so the employer
has to carefully consider how it will apply to
the work and work area. OSHA construction
standard 29 CFR 1926.21(b)(2) states, "The
employer shall instruct each employee in
the recognition and avoidance of unsafe
conditions and the regulations applicable to
his work environment to control or eliminate
any hazards or other exposure to illness
or injury." Struck by hazards are unsafe
conditions and workers must be trained to
recognize and avoid them.



CONNstruction - Winter 2018

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of CONNstruction - Winter 2018

Fleet Tracking with Telematics
Don’t Let Vibration Damages Shake You
Trenching and Excavation Safety
Preventing Runovers and Backovers in Work Zones and Construction Sites
If OSHA Knocks, How Do You Respond?
Diggers Mixers Fixers Golf Outing
2018 AGC/CT Industry Recognition Dinner
Connecticut Road Builder Association Dinner
YCF Yard Goat Baseball/BBQ & Fall Membership Meeting
OSHA-CCIA-ConnOSHA Annual Safety Alliance Conference & Press Conference
A Blue Light for Safety
“If You See Something, Say Something” Applies to More Than Homeland Security
CONNstruction - Winter 2018 - Intro
CONNstruction - Winter 2018 - cover1
CONNstruction - Winter 2018 - cover2
CONNstruction - Winter 2018 - 3
CONNstruction - Winter 2018 - 4
CONNstruction - Winter 2018 - 5
CONNstruction - Winter 2018 - A Blue Light for Safety
CONNstruction - Winter 2018 - “If You See Something, Say Something” Applies to More Than Homeland Security
CONNstruction - Winter 2018 - Fleet Tracking with Telematics
CONNstruction - Winter 2018 - 9
CONNstruction - Winter 2018 - 10
CONNstruction - Winter 2018 - 11
CONNstruction - Winter 2018 - Don’t Let Vibration Damages Shake You
CONNstruction - Winter 2018 - 13
CONNstruction - Winter 2018 - Trenching and Excavation Safety
CONNstruction - Winter 2018 - 15
CONNstruction - Winter 2018 - 16
CONNstruction - Winter 2018 - 17
CONNstruction - Winter 2018 - Preventing Runovers and Backovers in Work Zones and Construction Sites
CONNstruction - Winter 2018 - 19
CONNstruction - Winter 2018 - 20
CONNstruction - Winter 2018 - 21
CONNstruction - Winter 2018 - If OSHA Knocks, How Do You Respond?
CONNstruction - Winter 2018 - 23
CONNstruction - Winter 2018 - 24
CONNstruction - Winter 2018 - 25
CONNstruction - Winter 2018 - Diggers Mixers Fixers Golf Outing
CONNstruction - Winter 2018 - 2018 AGC/CT Industry Recognition Dinner
CONNstruction - Winter 2018 - Connecticut Road Builder Association Dinner
CONNstruction - Winter 2018 - OSHA-CCIA-ConnOSHA Annual Safety Alliance Conference & Press Conference
CONNstruction - Winter 2018 - 30
CONNstruction - Winter 2018 - cover3
CONNstruction - Winter 2018 - cover4
CONNstruction - Winter 2018 - outsert1
CONNstruction - Winter 2018 - outsert2
CONNstruction - Winter 2018 - outsert3
CONNstruction - Winter 2018 - outsert4
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