BUILDING ENERGY - Spring 2018 - 14

The market, as a rule, is not ready to embrace
benign materials for conventional construction.
Choose the best option that is available now, but
make it clear you will demand better in the future.
Each slightly healthier project eases the work for
future projects

DECLARE IS THE NUTRITION LABEL FOR PRODUCTS.
CREDIT: THE INTERNATIONAL LIVING FUTURE INSTITUTE

or Healthy Hospitals Initiative. There is no complete list
of chemicals of concern, but any screening is preferable
to no screening.
KEY CONSIDERATIONS FOR IMPROVING
PRODUCT SELECTION
* Even without scientific study of indoor air quality
impacts, there are some rules of thumb that can help
guide your team to make the best use of its product
selection efforts. Ask: "Can you touch it? Does it
smell when you install it? Is there a lot of it?"
* Prioritize interior finishes in your efforts to avoid
toxins. Paints, wallboard, flooring and carpet are
product types for which benign options exist. Batt
insulation and wallboard are ubiquitous, so they
warrant attention as well.
* Likewise, there is value in signaling to manufacturers
that toxins in exterior products should also be
eliminated. It will take time for those markets to
mature in response to increasing consumer demand.
* In our experience, the only way to achieve costeffective success in a project with specifications
is to name exact products that can be used.
Vague performance language such as "Avoid
formaldehyde in batt insulation products" is either
ineffective or expensive because it represents
uncertainty and confusion to any potential bidder.
* It is more cost effective for the design team to
research one or more products that meet the
project's goals. Once the documentation is complete,
that product can be reused in any number of future
projects. Know that the ultimate goal of achieving
benign materials will happen through iteration:
accept imperfection.

SELECTING BEST-IN-CLASS MATERIALS
Manufacturers are increasingly responsive to
ingredient concerns as health imperatives dovetail
with sales opportunities. To that end, ILFI has
established the Declare program. Essentially a
"Nutrition label" for products, Declare provides
transparency that is changing the
materials marketplace.
Declare products enjoy preferential access to
Living Building projects: every Living Building must
contain at least one Declare product per 5,000
square feet of building area.
Client resistance is likewise eroding. We like to
ask, "Given a choice, which bioaccumulative toxins,
carcinogens and endocrine disruptors do you like to
have in your buildings?" The usual answer - and the
one we like the best, of course - is "none."
Contractors, builders and subcontractors need
clear direction and assistance throughout the
process. Writing sustainability specifications that
encourage healthy product choices is an essential
component to encourage builder buy-in.
For example, below are a few guidelines and
suggestions on insulation. Some of these comments
should be recognized as operating on the leading edge
and should not be taken as full product endorsements.
The reality is that we need more advancements
in "green" chemistry, which will create better
molecules. We must learn the lessons of the past
and be cognizant of regrettable substitutions. The
switch from BPA to BPS did not make us safer, it
simply replaced one toxin with another toxin we
know even less about.
* Spray Foam Insulation (two part): Best to avoid
due to flame retardants, but when you must use
it, look at the blowing agents. Demilec Heatlok
HFO and Lapolla FOAM-LOK 200-4G are closed
cell spray foams that both use Honeywell's
Solstice Liquid Blowing Agent, which has a Global
Warming Potential of 1 and an Ozone Depletion
Potential of zero. Icynene's ProSeal Eco is a
water-blown closed cell spray foam.
* Polyisocyanurate Board Insulation: Two Declare
listed products that are Red List-free are GAF's
EnergyGuard NH series from and Carlisle Syntec
Systems' SecurShield NH series.
* Fiberglass Batts: Most major manufacturers offer
a formaldehyde-free fiberglass batt option.
* Cellulose: Greenfiber has a Declare labeled Red
List-free cellulose. It has Ammonium sulfate,
which is considered safe for humans, but it can be
corrosive to metal and may produce an ammonia
smell. Cellulose products with boron based flame
retardants do not have these issues.
CONTINUED ON PAGE 16

14 * BUILDINGENERGY VOL. 37 NO. 1 | SPRING 2018



Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of BUILDING ENERGY - Spring 2018

From the Executive Director
From the Board Chair
Product Choices for High-Performing Building: Materials Matter
Designing Solar for High-Density Areas
High Performance Building Valuation Techniques
Starting with the End in Mind: Enhanced Turnover for Efficient Building Operations
Behavior Based Strategies and Organizational Change in Commercial & Public Buildings: The Human Component of Energy Efficiency
Commercial HVAC Retrofits That Work
Stretch Codes Emerge as a High Impact Strategy For Energy Savings
Scale it Up: Monitoring-Based Demand-Side Operations for NYC Agencies
The Retrofit Revolution
Index to Advertisers
BUILDING ENERGY - Spring 2018 - intro
BUILDING ENERGY - Spring 2018 - cover1
BUILDING ENERGY - Spring 2018 - cover2
BUILDING ENERGY - Spring 2018 - 3
BUILDING ENERGY - Spring 2018 - 4
BUILDING ENERGY - Spring 2018 - 5
BUILDING ENERGY - Spring 2018 - From the Executive Director
BUILDING ENERGY - Spring 2018 - 7
BUILDING ENERGY - Spring 2018 - 8
BUILDING ENERGY - Spring 2018 - 9
BUILDING ENERGY - Spring 2018 - From the Board Chair
BUILDING ENERGY - Spring 2018 - 11
BUILDING ENERGY - Spring 2018 - Product Choices for High-Performing Building: Materials Matter
BUILDING ENERGY - Spring 2018 - 13
BUILDING ENERGY - Spring 2018 - 14
BUILDING ENERGY - Spring 2018 - 15
BUILDING ENERGY - Spring 2018 - 16
BUILDING ENERGY - Spring 2018 - 17
BUILDING ENERGY - Spring 2018 - Designing Solar for High-Density Areas
BUILDING ENERGY - Spring 2018 - 19
BUILDING ENERGY - Spring 2018 - 20
BUILDING ENERGY - Spring 2018 - 21
BUILDING ENERGY - Spring 2018 - High Performance Building Valuation Techniques
BUILDING ENERGY - Spring 2018 - 23
BUILDING ENERGY - Spring 2018 - 24
BUILDING ENERGY - Spring 2018 - 25
BUILDING ENERGY - Spring 2018 - Starting with the End in Mind: Enhanced Turnover for Efficient Building Operations
BUILDING ENERGY - Spring 2018 - 27
BUILDING ENERGY - Spring 2018 - 28
BUILDING ENERGY - Spring 2018 - 29
BUILDING ENERGY - Spring 2018 - 30
BUILDING ENERGY - Spring 2018 - Behavior Based Strategies and Organizational Change in Commercial & Public Buildings: The Human Component of Energy Efficiency
BUILDING ENERGY - Spring 2018 - 32
BUILDING ENERGY - Spring 2018 - 33
BUILDING ENERGY - Spring 2018 - 34
BUILDING ENERGY - Spring 2018 - 35
BUILDING ENERGY - Spring 2018 - Commercial HVAC Retrofits That Work
BUILDING ENERGY - Spring 2018 - 37
BUILDING ENERGY - Spring 2018 - 38
BUILDING ENERGY - Spring 2018 - 39
BUILDING ENERGY - Spring 2018 - 40
BUILDING ENERGY - Spring 2018 - Stretch Codes Emerge as a High Impact Strategy For Energy Savings
BUILDING ENERGY - Spring 2018 - 42
BUILDING ENERGY - Spring 2018 - 43
BUILDING ENERGY - Spring 2018 - 44
BUILDING ENERGY - Spring 2018 - Scale it Up: Monitoring-Based Demand-Side Operations for NYC Agencies
BUILDING ENERGY - Spring 2018 - 46
BUILDING ENERGY - Spring 2018 - 47
BUILDING ENERGY - Spring 2018 - 48
BUILDING ENERGY - Spring 2018 - 49
BUILDING ENERGY - Spring 2018 - 50
BUILDING ENERGY - Spring 2018 - The Retrofit Revolution
BUILDING ENERGY - Spring 2018 - insert1
BUILDING ENERGY - Spring 2018 - insert2
BUILDING ENERGY - Spring 2018 - 52
BUILDING ENERGY - Spring 2018 - 53
BUILDING ENERGY - Spring 2018 - 54
BUILDING ENERGY - Spring 2018 - 55
BUILDING ENERGY - Spring 2018 - 56
BUILDING ENERGY - Spring 2018 - 57
BUILDING ENERGY - Spring 2018 - 58
BUILDING ENERGY - Spring 2018 - 59
BUILDING ENERGY - Spring 2018 - Index to Advertisers
BUILDING ENERGY - Spring 2018 - 61
BUILDING ENERGY - Spring 2018 - 62
BUILDING ENERGY - Spring 2018 - cover3
BUILDING ENERGY - Spring 2018 - cover4
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