FRPA Journal - Fall 2016 - 19

© Playworld 2016 ads16SSA032 the upright growing branches down to a lateral (or sideways growing) branch. On a side note, sometimes canopy thinning is performed to increase light penetration and reduce wind load. However, when a tree needs structural pruning, it should take priority over thinning. Structural pruning can also allow light and wind to pass through, just as thinning does, but it also improves the actual strength of the tree by addressing specific defects/flaws. If a mature tree has developed with multiple main leaders and they all have good cup-shaped attachments, then making drastic cuts (over 10") is not necessary. It is not advisable to make large diameter cuts on trees because these cuts are harder for the tree to seal or close, which may lead to decay inside the tree. Remember to only remove 25 percent of the canopy per year. In some cases a tree will require structural pruning over several years to achieve desired results. Additionally, it is best to conduct major pruning in the winter season when the trees are more dormant. Always use qualified employees or hire a professional tree service company with a certified arborist on staff that knows how to perform structural pruning. It may take some pleading to your city manager or elected officials for supplemental funding in order to increase the structural pruning in your city's urban forest. However, structural pruning will ultimately leave a legacy for the community in the form of strong canopy trees and is certainly worth the investment! ■ We have the solution for any playground challenge. Free bench with modular play structure order, just mention FAA. 806170_Playmore.indd 1 638573_Century.indd 1 info@playmoreonline.com www.playmoreonline.com 888-886-3757 Florida License - CBC 1252224 797475_Wood.indd 1 23/04/13 2:36 PM 4/8/16 5:20 AM fall 2016 | frpa journal06/04/16 19 1:46 am http://playmoreonline.com/frpa.htm http://www.playmoreonline.com http://www.centuryindustries.com http://www.woodandpartners.com http://www.woodandpartners.com http://www.centuryindustries.com

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of FRPA Journal - Fall 2016

A Message from the President of FRPA
A Message from the Executive Director of FRPA
Parks and Recreation: What is the Real Value in What We Do?
FRPA Agency Profile
Book Review
Economic Impact of the Underline
Urban Forest Management – The City of Tampa’s Story
The Importance of Structural Pruning of Hardwood Trees
A City’s Rebirth through Park Improvements
“Thank You for My New Bicycle”
Florida’s Emerging Trail Towns
New Urbanism… What’s It All About?
Index of Advertisers
FRPA Journal - Fall 2016 - cover1
FRPA Journal - Fall 2016 - cover2
FRPA Journal - Fall 2016 - 3
FRPA Journal - Fall 2016 - 4
FRPA Journal - Fall 2016 - 5
FRPA Journal - Fall 2016 - 6
FRPA Journal - Fall 2016 - A Message from the President of FRPA
FRPA Journal - Fall 2016 - A Message from the Executive Director of FRPA
FRPA Journal - Fall 2016 - 9
FRPA Journal - Fall 2016 - Parks and Recreation: What is the Real Value in What We Do?
FRPA Journal - Fall 2016 - 11
FRPA Journal - Fall 2016 - 12
FRPA Journal - Fall 2016 - FRPA Agency Profile
FRPA Journal - Fall 2016 - Book Review
FRPA Journal - Fall 2016 - Economic Impact of the Underline
FRPA Journal - Fall 2016 - Urban Forest Management – The City of Tampa’s Story
FRPA Journal - Fall 2016 - 17
FRPA Journal - Fall 2016 - The Importance of Structural Pruning of Hardwood Trees
FRPA Journal - Fall 2016 - 19
FRPA Journal - Fall 2016 - A City’s Rebirth through Park Improvements
FRPA Journal - Fall 2016 - 21
FRPA Journal - Fall 2016 - “Thank You for My New Bicycle”
FRPA Journal - Fall 2016 - 23
FRPA Journal - Fall 2016 - Florida’s Emerging Trail Towns
FRPA Journal - Fall 2016 - New Urbanism… What’s It All About?
FRPA Journal - Fall 2016 - Index of Advertisers
FRPA Journal - Fall 2016 - cover3
FRPA Journal - Fall 2016 - cover4
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/FRPQ/FRPQ0218
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/FRPQ/FRPQ0118
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/FRPQ/FRPQ0417
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/FRPQ/FRPQ0317
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/FRPQ/FRPQ0217
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/FRPQ/FRPQ0117
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/FRPQ/FRPQ0416
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/FRPQ/FRPQ0316
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/FRPQ/FRPQ0216
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/FRPQ/FRPQ0116
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/FRPQ/FRPQ0415
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/FRPQ/FRPQ0315
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/FRPQ/FRPQ0215
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/FRPQ/FRPQ0115
https://www.nxtbookmedia.com