Energized / Energisé - Spring / Printemps 2018 - 8

View of Inuvik, Northwest Territories

Places with Potential
NORTHERN ENERGY FUTURES ARE
INDETERMINATE AND RIPE FOR INNOVATION
AS MUCH AS cold, dark winters are the norm across the Canadian
North, so too is costly and carbon-heavy diesel generation to
keep homes warm and lights on. It's no coincidence that among
virtually all the northernmost communities in the country, aging
diesel infrastructure dominates the energy market. To understand
why, you first must understand the unique character of the North.
The Canadian North is a patchwork
of remote communities; remoteness
ranging from fly-in only to accessible
by road - some gravel, some seasonally formed by the ice over lakes and
rivers. The northernmost outposts of
the Northwest Territories, Nunavut,
Nunavik in Northern Québec and
Nunatsiavut in Labrador are populated
by Inuit who previously lived in smaller
camps scattered through the North. It
was only in the last century that centralized communities began to form,
and many in response to the Hudson
Bay Company entering the territory
with offers of trade. Others, above
the Arctic Circle, formed in the place
of Distant Early Warning Line sites -
radar stations built across the North
to detect a Russian attack during the
Cold War - and other military sites. As
these communities began to develop
and populations grew in concentrated
areas, so did the need for infrastructure.

THE REASON FOR DIESEL
"We're going back a ways," says
Bruno Pereira, President of Qulliq
Energy Corp. in Nunavut, "but there
probably wasn't a focus on other
options, it was, 'what's most economical?' And that infrastructure was built
and deployed."
8

ENERGIZED | ÉNERGISÉ

That infrastructure was for diesel
power generation. It was cheap (by
comparison) and required only ships
with hulls - as did most imports to
isolated Northern communities, all of
which have water access.
Even still, the high cost and complications of moving products by air
mean sealifts - massive barges that
bring shipments to Arctic communities over about a two-month period
of open water - are the main source
of delivery for just about everything. Ice patterns are changing in
the North and shorter shipping seasons have been a counterintuitive
effect of climate change. As polar
pack ice thaws and breaks off, it is
actually clogging Arctic waterways in
some areas as well as opening sooner
in others.
"The challenge is of course, in the
springtime you have to wait for the
ice to disappear before any ship can
get there," says Guy Marchand, president and CEO of Budget Propane that
supplies communities across Nunavut
with fuel for cooking and hot water -
including a few larger scale contracts
for schools and hospitals. "Depending
on when that happens, it could mean
one less trip in the fall. Anything after
September 15 leaving Montreal is too

late. By the time it gets there, there's
ice cover."
It's happened before. Marchand
recalls one year in particular when
spring breakup came late and they
had no choice but to fly propane in.
"It is very expensive," he says - it
also requires special permission from
Transport Canada. Because shipping
is restricted to this short window, a
big part of the fuel supply puzzle is
storage capacity.
In Inuvik, the community of 3,000
has run on and off of propane since
2013 when it's local supply of natural
gas started to dry up. At the time, it was
a near-emergency situation. Propane
was trucked in from the Yukon but
the storage capacity in town would
last only about five days. According
to a CBC story written at the time, the
switch to propane meant bringing in
217 super B trucks per year - that's
more than a truckload every other day.
By 2016, with added storage capacity,
Inuvik Gas brought in 152 truckloads
of propane.

THE WILL TO CHANGE
With so much attention on the
impacts of climate change, there is
certainly an interest in moving away
from diesel generation. Qulliq has
invested in a handful of solar projects, but Pereira still considers power
generation in Nunavut to be derived
entirely from diesel - those renewable projects only making up a slight
fraction. "When we talk about the
renewables, we talk about reducing
diesel consumption by a percentage,



Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Energized / Energisé - Spring / Printemps 2018

Message from the President & CEO | Message de la Présidente-directrice générale
Places with Potential | Des communautés pleines de potentiel
Propane for the North | Le propane dans le Nord
Interview with the Department of Crown-Indigenous Relations and Northern Affairs | Entretien avec le ministère des Relations Couronne-Autochtones et des Affaires du Nord
Will Communities Thrive and Prosper Under an Arctic Policy? | Une politique de l’Arctique assurera-t-elle la prospérité des collectivités ?
The CPA Working for Members | Nous travaillons pour vous
Index to Advertisers | Index des annonceurs
Energized / Energisé - Spring / Printemps 2018 - Intro
Energized / Energisé - Spring / Printemps 2018 - cover1
Energized / Energisé - Spring / Printemps 2018 - cover2
Energized / Energisé - Spring / Printemps 2018 - 3
Energized / Energisé - Spring / Printemps 2018 - 4
Energized / Energisé - Spring / Printemps 2018 - 5
Energized / Energisé - Spring / Printemps 2018 - Message from the President & CEO | Message de la Présidente-directrice générale
Energized / Energisé - Spring / Printemps 2018 - 7
Energized / Energisé - Spring / Printemps 2018 - Places with Potential | Des communautés pleines de potentiel
Energized / Energisé - Spring / Printemps 2018 - 9
Energized / Energisé - Spring / Printemps 2018 - 10
Energized / Energisé - Spring / Printemps 2018 - 11
Energized / Energisé - Spring / Printemps 2018 - 12
Energized / Energisé - Spring / Printemps 2018 - 13
Energized / Energisé - Spring / Printemps 2018 - Propane for the North | Le propane dans le Nord
Energized / Energisé - Spring / Printemps 2018 - 15
Energized / Energisé - Spring / Printemps 2018 - 16
Energized / Energisé - Spring / Printemps 2018 - 17
Energized / Energisé - Spring / Printemps 2018 - Interview with the Department of Crown-Indigenous Relations and Northern Affairs | Entretien avec le ministère des Relations Couronne-Autochtones et des Affaires du Nord
Energized / Energisé - Spring / Printemps 2018 - 19
Energized / Energisé - Spring / Printemps 2018 - 20
Energized / Energisé - Spring / Printemps 2018 - 21
Energized / Energisé - Spring / Printemps 2018 - Will Communities Thrive and Prosper Under an Arctic Policy? | Une politique de l’Arctique assurera-t-elle la prospérité des collectivités ?
Energized / Energisé - Spring / Printemps 2018 - 23
Energized / Energisé - Spring / Printemps 2018 - 24
Energized / Energisé - Spring / Printemps 2018 - 25
Energized / Energisé - Spring / Printemps 2018 - 26
Energized / Energisé - Spring / Printemps 2018 - 27
Energized / Energisé - Spring / Printemps 2018 - The CPA Working for Members | Nous travaillons pour vous
Energized / Energisé - Spring / Printemps 2018 - 29
Energized / Energisé - Spring / Printemps 2018 - Index to Advertisers | Index des annonceurs
Energized / Energisé - Spring / Printemps 2018 - cover3
Energized / Energisé - Spring / Printemps 2018 - cover4
Energized / Energisé - Spring / Printemps 2018 - outsert1
Energized / Energisé - Spring / Printemps 2018 - outsert2
Energized / Energisé - Spring / Printemps 2018 - outsert3
Energized / Energisé - Spring / Printemps 2018 - outsert4
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https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/FUMT/FUMT0117
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/FUMT/FUMT0316
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