JED - January 2016 - (Page 32)

Threat Monitor Threat Profile: Iran's Bavar 373 SAM By Doug Richardson B The Journal of Electronic Defense | January 2016 32 y March 19, 2016, the date that marks the end of the current Iranian calendar year, Iran hopes to conduct flight trials of production hardware for its new Bavar 373 surface-to-air (SAM) missile system, a weapon that Tehran claims to be in the performance class of Russia's S-300PMU2 (SA-20 "Gargoyle"). These trials should clear the way for the Iranian system to be accepted into operational service next year. The decision to begin the development of such an advanced SAM may have been spurred by Iran's inability to procure the Russian S-300 system during the last decade as a result of a UN-imposed arms embargo. An Iranian order for the S-300 was probably signed in 2007, two years after press reports of an order first emerged. In 2009, the Iranian news agency, IRNA, claimed that Iran would take delivery of S-300 hardware in the near future. However, the deal - reported to be for five batteries of S-300PMU2 - was cancelled by Russia in 2010 following the imposition of an arms embargo on Iran by UN Resolution 1929 (2010). The S-300 hardware intended for Iran had apparently been built by this time, so the Russian government placed it into storage until an alternative customer could be found. It is not clear when Iran embarked on the development of an indigenous S-300-class SAM system. The project may have been started in 2009, and its existence was confirmed in February 2010 by Brigadier General Heshmatollah Kasiri, deputy commander of the Khatam ol-Anabia air-defense base. In the spring of 2014, the new system was shown to government officials at an exhibition of weaponry set up by Iran's Islamic Revolution Guards Corps (IRGC). In August 2014, Brigadier General Farzad Esmaili, Iran's air defense commander, announced that the Bavar 373 had been successfully test-fired. He was speaking during a military exhibition in Tehran at which the missile and radar of the Bavar 373 system were publicly shown for the first time. In TV footage taken at the exhibition the rear part of the missile was screened from view by a poster, but the configuration of the weapon was finally shown when examples were displayed in an April 18, 2015, parade. To judge from the samples on display, the new missile is in the same size class as the 46N6 missile used by the S-300. The front section resembles that of the 46N6 in that it tapers from the full diam- eter of the rear section to a reduced diameter nose containing a radome and seeker. The rear section shows evidence of indigenous development. While the Russian missile is wingless, and features rear-mounted cruciform control surfaces that extend all the way to the rear of the missile, the Iranian design has cruciform control surfaces mounted slightly further forward than their Russian counterparts and located immediately behind vestigial cruciform wings. This configuration may have evolved from that used in Iran's Sayyad 3 SAM. The earlier Sayyad 1 and -1A missiles were based on the Soviet-era V750 series missiles from the S-75 Volga (SA-2 "Guideline"), and the Sayyad 2 was based on the US RIM-66 Standard SM-1 naval SAM. Sayyad-3 appears to be a locally developed concept that may be based in part on technologies from the Standard and the 9M38 missile from the Russian 9K37 Buk (SA-11 "Gadfly") SAM system. According to Iranian press reports, Sayyad 3 is intended to be a lower-tier complementary missile for Iran's S-200 Vega (SA-5 "Gammon") long-range SAM systems. The wings of the Bavar 373 missile are of longer chord and shorter span than those of the Sayyad-3, so may represent a further evolution of the configuration developed for the latter missile. During an Army Day parade in Tehran in April 2010, Iran showed what at first sight looked like a copy of the 5N63/30N6 "Flap Lid" tracking and missile-guidance radar vehicle used The Russian S-300PMU2. (Wikimedia Commons, Vitaly V. Kuzmin)

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of JED - January 2016

The View From Here
Conferences Calendar
Courses Calendar
From the President
The Monitor
World Report
On the Brink: Laser Wars Not Just a Movie Fantasy
Light Saber – LaWS Prototype Brings Directed Energy Onto the Front-Line
Technology Survey: RF Signal Generators
Threat Monitor
EW 101
AOC News: Views from the AOC Symposium and Convention
AOC News
Index of Advertisers
JED Quick Look

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