JED - February 2017 - 16

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The Journal of Electronic Defense | February 2017


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This leads directly to another clear
message from the conference - regardless of the classification level at which
it is presented, any current EW strategy
will not and cannot possibly fully address what the future requirement will
be for assured EMSO superiority. This
is because the technology needed to
confidently predict this requirement,
let alone address it, does not itself yet
To this point, Brig Gen Edward
Sauley, USAF, Deputy Director of Operations for Joint Electromagnetic
Spectrum Operations, and Mobilization
Assistant to the Director of Operations,
USSTRATCOM, identified three major
EMSO capability gaps in his presentation to the conference. One of these is
a modeling and simulation gap. "Too
often our simulations of the EMS operational environment are crude approximations of what we think would
happen vs. a physics-based approach
with greater fidelity. In a worst-case
scenario, this could lead us to both
overestimate our abilities and to underestimate our vulnerabilities."
As pointed out by several speakers,
the first step toward filling this gap
will be to develop exponentially more
advanced capabilities in EMS modeling
and simulation tools and systems - and
not tools that model and simulate the
current EMS environment that, while
useful for today's battlefield commanders, are next to useless as far as providing a realistic representation of the
future EMS battlespace, understanding
future requirements, and for developing systems and capabilities that will
allow the US to achieve and maintain
overwhelming spectrum superiority.
General Sauley says this is an area of
emphasis for USSTRATCOM, referencing
the work being done by the Command's
Joint Electromagnetic Preparedness
for Advanced Combat (JEPAC) organization, led by Col Greg Wood, that is
"working with other DOD entities to
increase that fidelity."
Intimately related to this point,
Sauley says that increasing our modeling and simulation capability will not
only aid in planning and decision making, but will also contribute greatly to
closing a second, critical capability gap

- training. Although, Sauley noted that
training is primarily a Service responsibility, he pointed out that the unified
command plan does assign Commander
USSTRATCOM the responsibility to support the combatant commands' joint
training related to controlling the EMS.
He also noted that the charter for the
EW EXCOM directs its members to review
and assess test and training infrastructure and specifically calls out the role
of Commander USSTRATCOM as the EW
advocate for combatant commanders.
Given this assigned role, Sauley
stated his view that "when it comes to
training in a congested, contested, operationally-constrained environment,
we don't do it well enough." To emphasize the point, he asked, "When was the
last time we failed in a training scenario because we gave the Red Forces the
equipment needed to replicate a highend comprehensive threat? And, how
often have we removed the training
handcuffs from the Red Forces and allowed them to not only contest the Blue
Forces across the Spectrum, but over
the entire vulnerability period. I submit that we don't fail enough in some
of our training events to learn from our
mistakes, and to learn what capability
gaps we truly have."
General Sauley says that STRATCOM is working with the EW EXCOM to
help with the equipment issue, and
"we think we have a way forward to
provide the Services with more threat
endlayers." He adds, however, that
"not everything can be radiated in an
open environment, and there is always
a threat of foreign collection, as well
as Spectrum fratricide." As a result,
he says that virtual instructor training will play a larger role in the future.

"The same capabilities that the JEPAC is
advocating for test and evaluation purposes will also be needed to offer greater
fidelity for EW training and simulators,
and the JEPAC is working hard to ensure
that it is."
A third capability gap identified by
Sauley is Electromagnetic Battle Management (EMBM). While he says that
"our future need to be able to sense
what is going on in the EMS and provide our commanders first with situational awareness, then decision aids,
and finally the ability to command
and control our EW forces is not lost
on the Services," he also observes that
each Service has their own program to
address the issue. "The Army has the
Electronic Warfare Planning and Management Tool (EWPMT). The Navy has
Real Time Spectrum Operations (RTSO).
The Marines have the Spectrum Services
Framework (SSF), and the Air Force has
their non-kinetic operations cell and
some nascent situational awareness programs. The gap is that these programs
don't talk to one another."
Remarking that, "it is not the individual Services that go to war," Sauley,
pointed out that, "We fight as a Joint
Force under a single commander, and the
Joint Force of the future must have the
EMBM capability at the operational level,
to be able to sense, and command-andcontrol across peripheral Service lines."
To this he added that EMSO should not be
perceived as spectrum managers taking
over EW. "On the contrary, EMSO should
be seen as EW operationalizing spectrum
management. It's not enough to think
only about EW; EMSO brings EW to the
operational level. The EMS supports all
Joint functions and its control and use
is paramount to any future operational


JED - February 2017

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of JED - February 2017

The View From Here
Conferences Calendar
Courses Calendar
From the President
The Monitor
World Report
Asia-Pacific SIGINT Programs
Technology Survey: Analog-to-Digital Converters
Operator 101
EW 101
AOC News
Index of Advertisers
JED Quick LookThe
JED - February 2017 - cover1
JED - February 2017 - cover2
JED - February 2017 - 3
JED - February 2017 - 4
JED - February 2017 - 5
JED - February 2017 - The View From Here
JED - February 2017 - 7
JED - February 2017 - Conferences Calendar
JED - February 2017 - 9
JED - February 2017 - Courses Calendar
JED - February 2017 - 11
JED - February 2017 - From the President
JED - February 2017 - 13
JED - February 2017 - 14
JED - February 2017 - The Monitor
JED - February 2017 - insert1
JED - February 2017 - insert2
JED - February 2017 - 16
JED - February 2017 - 17
JED - February 2017 - 18
JED - February 2017 - 19
JED - February 2017 - 20
JED - February 2017 - 21
JED - February 2017 - World Report
JED - February 2017 - 23
JED - February 2017 - Asia-Pacific SIGINT Programs
JED - February 2017 - 25
JED - February 2017 - 26
JED - February 2017 - 27
JED - February 2017 - 28
JED - February 2017 - 29
JED - February 2017 - 30
JED - February 2017 - 31
JED - February 2017 - Technology Survey: Analog-to-Digital Converters
JED - February 2017 - 33
JED - February 2017 - 34
JED - February 2017 - 35
JED - February 2017 - 36
JED - February 2017 - 37
JED - February 2017 - 38
JED - February 2017 - 39
JED - February 2017 - 40
JED - February 2017 - Operator 101
JED - February 2017 - 42
JED - February 2017 - 43
JED - February 2017 - EW 101
JED - February 2017 - 45
JED - February 2017 - AOC News
JED - February 2017 - 47
JED - February 2017 - 48
JED - February 2017 - Index of Advertisers
JED - February 2017 - JED Quick LookThe
JED - February 2017 - cover3
JED - February 2017 - cover4