JED - February 2017 - 18

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The Journal of Electronic Defense | February 2017


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concept of warfare." Sauley reported
that STRATCOM has recently completed
a capabilities-based assessment on this
operational-level requirement which will
"hopefully lead to an initial capability
document and analysis-of-alternatives to
fill this gap." Being developed under the
auspices of the Joint Electronic Warfare
Center (JEWC), led by Col Jeff Aldridge, it
will include an operational employment
guide on how a Joint EMS Operation Cell
(JEMSOC) should operate on a Joint Task
Force level. "The time to act is now, so
that 10 years from now, we're not asking who let the Services build something
that seems purposely incompatible with
one another, said Sauley."
Another takeaway from the conference, however, is that, despite nearunanimous appreciation across the DOD,
the Services, and Allies of the absolute
criticality and urgency of achieving and
maintaining unquestionable EMS superiority, there still seems to remain an
inexplicable sense of laissez-faire in
terms of actually putting a 'full-courtpress' on the task.
The Defense Science Board report of
July 2015 entitled "21st Century Military Operations in a Complex Electromagnetic Environment" couldn't have
been clearer in stating the level of
importance and urgency that must be
placed on achieving EMS superiority.
"The principal finding of the study is
particularly sobering: At a time when
the United States relies on information
superiority on the battlefield for future
military success, this capability is jeopardized by serious deficiencies in U.S.
electronic warfare (EW) capabilities.
The cost to implement these recommendations is estimated at $2.3 billion
per year for at least five years (over and
above current expenditures). The DSB
understands that such an investment
will be difficult to accommodate in this
era of budgetary restraint but believes
that failing to do so puts at serious risk
the hundreds of billions of dollars invested in information dominance. An
overwhelming conclusion of the study
is need for action. The stakes are high;
the U.S. wins conflicts with information
dominance but that dominance is being
severely challenged. A restorative path
is available, but will take funding, com-

mitment, and a new spirit of leadership
to close the growing gap."
In fact, it was this study that led to
the creation of the EW EXCOM. The study
recommended that the Committee be
formed to "to provide the clout needed"
to achieve the goal. "The exact form of
this leadership is of course left to the
Department, but clout and technical
competence must be integral to any useful solution."
However, in closing out the conference, Conley said "In general, EW programs are smaller than other things
that are out there in the Department.
Everything in EW collectively is a smaller program than the F-35. The reality is
if we tried to grow by 50 percent for everything in EW in one year, I would bet a
dollar that we would under-execute the
money, and therefore the money would
get swept and be used for somebody
else, and we'd be told that you EW guys
don't know how to execute so therefore
you aren't about to." Alternatively, says
Conley, "we can say how do we get 5-10
percent growth year in and year out,
and just go ahead and get to that point
where we need to be."
So, the question remains: How much
funding is enough and how fast is fast
enough? And, how long can we afford to
wait while laboring over the question?
It is certainly true, as pointed out by
Symposium Chair Muddy Watters, Raytheon Advanced Missile Systems, that
"as we move forward with EMSO, it's going to take doctrine and policy changes,
organizational changes, and will require
institutional shifts in organization, industry, acquisition and collaboration
between all of those." And, although
all agree that discussions and debate
about policy and doctrine, organizational structure, etc., are necessary and
important, the question may still well
be asked how much these discussions
can be allowed to hinder or delay our
rapid progress in what has already been
unquestionably decided is a must-win
race to achieve overwhelming Spectrum
superiority, and in which we are already
in danger of falling behind.
Given this reality, an approach that
ensures that we embark immediately
and aggressively to meet the challenge
would seem to be called for - one in

which, for example, we advance the
development, funding, production, and
fielding of those EW systems and capabilities already in the pipeline or at
higher levels of technology readiness,
not because these capabilities, while extremely useful and essential for current
operations, will dramatically address
the ultimate requirement, but rather
because they will fund the infrastructure and expertise needed to kick-start,
grow and ensure our ability to identify
and provide the essential technological
capabilities that will ultimately be essential to achieving and maintaining
EMS superiority for the foreseeable and
unforeseeable future.
Thomas Taylor, Deputy Director for
Policy, Technology and Operations,
Spectrum Policy and Programs Directorate, OSD CIO, pointed out that, "We've
been studied on open battlefields by
near-peers for nearly 20 years now, and
while we've been wrapped up in lowintensity conflicts, we haven't matched
their investment (in EW and the EMS)
with our own. Now is the time to invest, build and match these EW and
EMS threats that are not only coming
through planned military investment,
but also through the plethora of cheap
commercial devices that are flooding
the warfare environment."
At the same time, Taylor says, we
need to be smart about how we invest
our technology dollars. "Right now, the
biggest challenge I see is getting the
technology into new systems. It takes
a sustained, focused capability, because
when we field equipment, we often field
it for 30 and 40 years. We need Service
dollars to become Joint dollars, because
we need the technology innovation
spread across so many portfolios and to
get that rapid transition of equipment
we have now by the most cost-effective
means. If we don't build compartmentalized systems that can help us evolve,
or start looking at how we can improve
what we are fielding in a more orchestrated fashion for warfighting and maneuver within the EMS, we won't be able
to fight and win in a congested and contested environment."
In his concluding remarks, General
Sauley summed up the USSTRATCOM
point of view. "At STRATCOM, we're all


JED - February 2017

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of JED - February 2017

The View From Here
Conferences Calendar
Courses Calendar
From the President
The Monitor
World Report
Asia-Pacific SIGINT Programs
Technology Survey: Analog-to-Digital Converters
Operator 101
EW 101
AOC News
Index of Advertisers
JED Quick LookThe
JED - February 2017 - cover1
JED - February 2017 - cover2
JED - February 2017 - 3
JED - February 2017 - 4
JED - February 2017 - 5
JED - February 2017 - The View From Here
JED - February 2017 - 7
JED - February 2017 - Conferences Calendar
JED - February 2017 - 9
JED - February 2017 - Courses Calendar
JED - February 2017 - 11
JED - February 2017 - From the President
JED - February 2017 - 13
JED - February 2017 - 14
JED - February 2017 - The Monitor
JED - February 2017 - insert1
JED - February 2017 - insert2
JED - February 2017 - 16
JED - February 2017 - 17
JED - February 2017 - 18
JED - February 2017 - 19
JED - February 2017 - 20
JED - February 2017 - 21
JED - February 2017 - World Report
JED - February 2017 - 23
JED - February 2017 - Asia-Pacific SIGINT Programs
JED - February 2017 - 25
JED - February 2017 - 26
JED - February 2017 - 27
JED - February 2017 - 28
JED - February 2017 - 29
JED - February 2017 - 30
JED - February 2017 - 31
JED - February 2017 - Technology Survey: Analog-to-Digital Converters
JED - February 2017 - 33
JED - February 2017 - 34
JED - February 2017 - 35
JED - February 2017 - 36
JED - February 2017 - 37
JED - February 2017 - 38
JED - February 2017 - 39
JED - February 2017 - 40
JED - February 2017 - Operator 101
JED - February 2017 - 42
JED - February 2017 - 43
JED - February 2017 - EW 101
JED - February 2017 - 45
JED - February 2017 - AOC News
JED - February 2017 - 47
JED - February 2017 - 48
JED - February 2017 - Index of Advertisers
JED - February 2017 - JED Quick LookThe
JED - February 2017 - cover3
JED - February 2017 - cover4