JED - February 2018 - 24

plan to fight a combined-arms/non-kinetic war. At the same time, however,
the Marine Corps is retiring its EA-6B
Prowler aircraft and shifting its focus to
unmanned aerial systems (UAS)-based
AEA. Bourque sees a problem here in that
"they haven't made this transition as
robustly as they should have toward distributed EW with their UAS fleet." Part
of the reason for this, says Bourque, is
that "the Service doesn't control a lot of
its own money - the overall Navy enterprise does. So you've got thought leadership deeply woven into the upper ranks
of the Marine Corps, but it's not then
always backed up with the investment."


The Journal of Electronic Defense | February 2018


In fact, the Navy has its own EMSO
strategy which it calls Electromagnetic
Maneuver Warfare (EMW). Bourque sees
this as one of the most promising frameworks relative to how it manifests itself
topside on ships and in terms of realtime spectrum operations (RTSO). "It's
sophisticated, appropriate and powerful, but unfortunately the funding for
those things may not be in line with
that. Still, they're leading out with a
sophisticated narrative and have acknowledged the importance of the EMW
space. Now, the question is, what do
they have to do to capitalize on this and
get pre-dispositional advantage across
that space."
In that regard, the Naval Surface Warfare Center Dahlgren Division (NSWCDD)
(Dahlgren, VA) recently announced that
"new EMW capabilities are now emerging
from laboratories to make a vital operational impact in the Fleet."
Speaking at the AOC's Electromagnetic Maneuver Warfare Systems Engineering and Acquisition Conference,
in September of last year, NSWC Commander RADM Tom Druggan, said the
Navy is "serious about investing in EMW
... because we see value, but more than
just value, we see warfighting capability
that gives us a competitive advantage
on the battlefield. The advantage requires seamlessly integrated communications, command-and-control, signals
intelligence, spectrum management,
electronic warfare, and cyberspace disciplines to permit the Navy's freedom of
action across the spectrum."

"The Services are
gradually starting
to see the need for
some kind of overall
governance of the EMSO
implementation and
management strategy,
including the acquisition
process, and the EW
EXCOM is trying hard
to turn that corner, but
we're not there yet."
Once again, however, the announcement also reports that, "The Navy's initial focus on mastering EMW has been
on the cyberspace mission area, putting in place the required manpower
structure and creating the necessary
organizational constructs." It does
add, however, that "while that effort
continues, the focus has expanded to
include the entire electromagnetic
spectrum. Moreover, the Navy has been
building on the work undertaken in
the last several years to improve electronic warfare systems in the face of
sophisticated anti-access and area-denial threats."

From Bourque's perspective, the fact
that the Services are now individually
recognizing the importance of EMSO
and formulating their own plans and
strategies for its implementation "is
not necessarily bad," but points out
that "it's still kind of a community-ofthe-willing." The complete and correct
approach, according to Bourque, is to
provide an overall governing body to
manage the process. "Right now, it's not
governed because, if it was governed,
they would be doing it all together,
and they would be doing it based on a
unified plan, which does not yet exist.
There's an EW strategy, but that's still

just 'a really good idea,' it's not directive
in nature. Not yet."
The truth, says Bourque, relative to
differences in the missions of the Services, and therefore their EMSO mission requirements and priorities is that,
"the Services, because they're domainaligned, see the totality of the world
from, necessarily and appropriately,
different perspectives. However, the
faulty and disruptive conclusion that
some people draw is that, because those
perspectives are different, that gives
them license to not acquire/buy into
shared space together coherently. The
[electromagnetic] energy that we're all
immersed in doesn't know or care that
the Services see the world from different perspectives, because that energy
is ever present, it moves much faster
than we can decide, and it's everywhere
always. So, as long as each one of the
component parts needs to sense, to communicate, to perform command and control, to attack, to maneuver, all of those
things are uniformly and universally
required of participation in the spectrum. The Services can no longer buy
these EMS-reliant systems differently,
because they're all existing in the same
dimensional soup at the same time."
With the formation of the EW Executive Committee (EW EXCOM), Bourque
observes that "it appears that there's a
little bit of governance," but in reality,
he says that's not really the case. "The
EW EXCOM is there, but it's not actually
exercising governance because it doesn't
have resource authority at, and within,
the program acquisition program level."
Bourque points to this fact as a
central challenge to a full and comprehensive implementation of a universal
EMSO strategy. "As long as the Services
think that they have unfettered access
to (and control of) 100% of the money
that they're allocated within their Title
10 acquisition authority, there is no impetus to work together. Although we now
have an elevated entity in the EW EXCOM, that perhaps we can call oversight
(though even that may be a bit strong),
we haven't addressed the true problem,
because the Services generally operate
from the viewpoint that the [electromagnetic] 'things' that they buy need only
perform in and meet the requirements of


JED - February 2018

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of JED - February 2018

The View From Here
Conferences Calendar
Courses Calendar
From the President
The Monitor
World Report
Big Challenges Ahead as DOD Tries to Address EMSO Implementation
Tactical CEMA for the Mechanized Force
New Products
EW 101
AOC News
Index of Advertisers
JED Quick Look
JED - February 2018 - intro
JED - February 2018 - cover1
JED - February 2018 - cover2
JED - February 2018 - 3
JED - February 2018 - 4
JED - February 2018 - 5
JED - February 2018 - The View From Here
JED - February 2018 - 7
JED - February 2018 - Conferences Calendar
JED - February 2018 - 9
JED - February 2018 - Courses Calendar
JED - February 2018 - 11
JED - February 2018 - From the President
JED - February 2018 - 13
JED - February 2018 - 14
JED - February 2018 - The Monitor
JED - February 2018 - 16
JED - February 2018 - 17
JED - February 2018 - 18
JED - February 2018 - 19
JED - February 2018 - World Report
JED - February 2018 - 21
JED - February 2018 - Big Challenges Ahead as DOD Tries to Address EMSO Implementation
JED - February 2018 - 23
JED - February 2018 - 24
JED - February 2018 - 25
JED - February 2018 - 26
JED - February 2018 - insert1
JED - February 2018 - insert2
JED - February 2018 - Tactical CEMA for the Mechanized Force
JED - February 2018 - 28
JED - February 2018 - 29
JED - February 2018 - 30
JED - February 2018 - New Products
JED - February 2018 - EW 101
JED - February 2018 - 33
JED - February 2018 - AOC News
JED - February 2018 - 35
JED - February 2018 - 36
JED - February 2018 - Index of Advertisers
JED - February 2018 - JED Quick Look
JED - February 2018 - cover3
JED - February 2018 - cover4