JED - March 2018 - 22

world
repor t
RUSSIA DEVELOPING MORE SOPHISTICATED APPROACH TO EW

The Journal of Electronic Defense | March 2018

22

At a January panel discussion hosted
by The Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS), Roger McDermott,
senior fellow in Eurasian military studies at King's College in London, spoke to
his report, "Russia's Electronic Warfare
Capabilities to 2025: Challenging NATO
in the Electromagnetic Spectrum."
McDermott stressed that while EW capabilities within the Russian military
are advancing, their military is not, by
that virtue, an inimitable or unconquerable threat.
According to McDermott, the importance of the report is to provide a
context for discussions and speculation surrounding Russia's perceived and
witnessed military capabilities, particularly their inclusion of EW systems.
McDermott said, "We need to know
something about Russia's efforts to integrate C4ISR, the improvements that
they've made ... and the way that many
of these strands of Russian military capability are becoming integrated and
feed into one another."
In understanding how EW systems
are being implemented into the Russian
military's strategy and overall capabilities, McDermott said Russian military
leaders are treating the Electromagnetic
Spectrum (EMS) as a "potential warfighting domain." According to McDermott, "The Russian military, for many
years, has regarded the EMS as a battle
space. It's only now that we're seeing ...
a closing of the gap between the capabilities, the procurement and their military thinking."
That said, if the EMS is regarded as
a domain, "we can't just strip out the
EW capability and look at it separately
[from] cyber, SIGINT, air defense," McDermott said. "[Russia is] using EW
with other capabilities to enhance fire
control. They're using it side-by-side
with artillery."

Diving into observations about Russia's technological advancements within
the EW sphere, McDermott said, "They
certainly have reached a point ... where
they do have credible C4ISR capability."
Further, Russia is ensuring its military
structure accommodates the need for
EW advancements, including enlisting
the expertise of "somewhere between
150 and 180 EW specialists" at the tactical level. "They've also taken steps to
ensure that there's an EW representation at strategic, operational and tactical levels," McDermott said.
Michael Kofman, senior research scientist at the Center for Naval Analyses
(CNA), spoke to an incident in Syria
in early January, when the Russian
military successfully stopped 13 armed
drones from reaching its Khmeimim Air
Base headquarters (on Syria's coast approximately 15 miles south of Latakia)
and Tartus naval base (approximately
40 miles south of Khmeimim Air Base).
"Throughout their military, they have
short-range and medium-range point
defenses that their ground forces bring
along, and there's absolutely nothing
more effective against a drone," Kofman
said. "They also have a lot of electronic
warfare systems ... and they're working on systems that are more specific to
counter-drone technology."
Of the attempted attack on the two
Russian bases, McDermott said, "One
of the reasons the Russian armed forces, and particularly its leadership, are
booming with confidence at this point
is because they're gaining such operational experience."
When considering how the Russian
and U.S. militaries differ in their efforts
to implement EW capabilities and tackle
the challenges of the EMS, McDermott
said, "The biggest gap isn't so much
technology, it's training and how EW is
thought about - how it's exploited. And,

that's the area where it seems that the
Russians are making the most progress.
It's the extent to which they're populating their land [forces] with the systems
and with the specialists to engage in
this kind of combat."
According to Kofman, a large obstacle to utilizing and strategizing within
the EMS is keeping communications private and "understanding how to reduce
the extent to which we're cooperative in
this environment."
When asked how serious a threat
Russia's EW capabilities may pose to
NATO and the U.S. military, McDermott
said, "We are by no means attempting
to exaggerate the Russian threat, or to
say that they have suddenly developed a
capability that is a 'game changer.'"
That said, McDermott speculated
about the possible outcome of Russian response to future NATO military
intervention. "They will build the EW
component into their response, and
their response will be about making
any NATO operation in the Baltic, or
elsewhere on NATO's eastern flank, as
difficult, as costly, as complex as possible," he said. "They will use this [EW]
capability to play into the asymmetric
advantages that they know they have."
- H. Swedeen

IN BRIEF
❍ My-konsult System AB (Solna,
Sweden) has received a contract
from Switzerland's Federal Office for
Defense Procurement, armasuisse,
to deliver an airborne jammer for EW
training applications.
❍ Northrop Grumman (Amherst, NY)
has received a $75 million Indefinite
Delivery/Indefinite Quantity (IDIQ)
contract award to deliver Joint
Threat Emitter (JTE) support services
to the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. a



JED - March 2018

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of JED - March 2018

The View From Here
Conferences Calendar
Courses Calendar
From the President
The Monitor - DOD Rolls Out $686 Billion FY2019 Budget
World Report - Russia Developing More Sophisticated Approach to EW
The Domain of the Tube – Millimeter Wave and Beyond
A Wild Weasel EWO Kills a SAM – from an AC-130E Gunship
Resilient and Ready: NATO JEWCS in Transition
EW 101
2018 AOC Industry & Institute/ University Member Guide
AOC News
Index of Advertisers
JED Quick Look
JED - March 2018 - intro
JED - March 2018 - cover1
JED - March 2018 - cover2
JED - March 2018 - 3
JED - March 2018 - 4
JED - March 2018 - 5
JED - March 2018 - The View From Here
JED - March 2018 - 7
JED - March 2018 - Conferences Calendar
JED - March 2018 - 9
JED - March 2018 - Courses Calendar
JED - March 2018 - 11
JED - March 2018 - From the President
JED - March 2018 - 13
JED - March 2018 - 14
JED - March 2018 - The Monitor - DOD Rolls Out $686 Billion FY2019 Budget
JED - March 2018 - 16
JED - March 2018 - 17
JED - March 2018 - 18
JED - March 2018 - 19
JED - March 2018 - 20
JED - March 2018 - 21
JED - March 2018 - World Report - Russia Developing More Sophisticated Approach to EW
JED - March 2018 - insert1
JED - March 2018 - insert2
JED - March 2018 - 23
JED - March 2018 - The Domain of the Tube – Millimeter Wave and Beyond
JED - March 2018 - 25
JED - March 2018 - 26
JED - March 2018 - A Wild Weasel EWO Kills a SAM – from an AC-130E Gunship
JED - March 2018 - 28
JED - March 2018 - 29
JED - March 2018 - 30
JED - March 2018 - 31
JED - March 2018 - Resilient and Ready: NATO JEWCS in Transition
JED - March 2018 - 33
JED - March 2018 - 34
JED - March 2018 - 35
JED - March 2018 - 36
JED - March 2018 - 37
JED - March 2018 - 38
JED - March 2018 - 39
JED - March 2018 - 40
JED - March 2018 - 41
JED - March 2018 - EW 101
JED - March 2018 - 43
JED - March 2018 - 44
JED - March 2018 - 45
JED - March 2018 - 2018 AOC Industry & Institute/ University Member Guide
JED - March 2018 - 47
JED - March 2018 - 48
JED - March 2018 - 49
JED - March 2018 - 50
JED - March 2018 - 51
JED - March 2018 - 52
JED - March 2018 - 53
JED - March 2018 - 54
JED - March 2018 - 55
JED - March 2018 - 56
JED - March 2018 - 57
JED - March 2018 - 58
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JED - March 2018 - 60
JED - March 2018 - 61
JED - March 2018 - 62
JED - March 2018 - 63
JED - March 2018 - 64
JED - March 2018 - 65
JED - March 2018 - 66
JED - March 2018 - 67
JED - March 2018 - 68
JED - March 2018 - 69
JED - March 2018 - 70
JED - March 2018 - AOC News
JED - March 2018 - 72
JED - March 2018 - Index of Advertisers
JED - March 2018 - JED Quick Look
JED - March 2018 - cover3
JED - March 2018 - cover4
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