JED - March 2018 - 43

E W101
Figure 2 shows the SA-10 transporter and launcher vehicle that carries
four missiles in their sealed packing cases. It raises the tubes to vertical and launches the missiles with
compressed gas, also known as "cold
launch." A launched missile is acquired
by the tracking radar, rotated toward
the target and then fired in the direction of the target to avoid damage to
the launch vehicle. The missile is given
mid-course guidance by the tracking
radar. As the missile approaches the
target, a terminal-guidance technique
is used. This can be track via missile
(TVM), in which a radar on the missile
sends data to the primary tracking radar. The missile is then guided to its
target by a combination of information
from the tracking radar and the missile. Several other terminal guidance
techniques are practical, including
semi-active guidance and homing on
radars or jammers.

antennas built into the corners of the
"lid." These antennas enable other
functions, such as electronic protection features.

Fig. 4: A TIN SHIELD 36D6 surveillance radar
in service with the Hungarian Air Force.
(KGyST)

Figure 4 shows the tin shield surveillance radar. This S-band, three-dimensional radar provides targets for the
FLAP LID radar.

The Journal of Electronic Defense | March 2018

the earlier generation of SAM systems.
The S-300 systems launch their missiles vertically from their packing cases, have radio-link connection among
system elements, and have significant
Electronic Protection (EP) capability
to mitigate enemy jamming. The radio connectivity allows the dispersal
of system components for greater survivability against counter-battery attack. The launch from packing cases
significantly reduces the missile reload
time. These features are important in
supporting the "shoot and scoot" philosophy common to modern Russian air
defense operations.
As shown in Figure 1, there are four
primary systems in the S-300 family: the
SA-10 (S-300P), the SA12 (S-300V), the
SA-20 (S-300PMU1/2) and the SA-23 (S300VM). There are also variants within
each of these main divisions. Over the
next few months, we will discuss each
of these systems at the top level, their
features, and their EW impact.

SA-10
This month, we will look at the SA10 Grumble (S-300P) family. The SA-10
includes the FLAP LID (30N6 series)
tracking radar, the TIN SHIELD (36D6
series) surveillance radar, and usually
the CLAM SHELL (76N6 series) low-altitude detection radar. The lethal range
of the SA-10C's 5V55R missile is 90 km
and, with upgrades, it can engage targets at altitudes from 25 meters to 30
km. The FLAP LID radar is a passive
phased array radar that can quickly engage significant numbers of targets. The
system also includes the BIG BIRD (64N6
series) acquisition radar, which will be
discussed along with other acquisition
radars in a later column.

Fig. 2: The SA-10's 5P85 transporter erector
launcher (TEL) on display with four missile
launch tubes. (Vitaly Kuzmin)

43

Fig: The CLAM SHELL 76N6 acquisition radar.
(ShinePhantom)
Fig. 3: The SA-10's 30N6 FLAP LID tracking
radar. (ShinePhantom)

Figure 3 shows the FLAP LID tracking radar. It has a large phased array
radar to track targets. Each element
of the phased array receives the signal from the feed, modifies it's phase
to form a beam, and rebroadcasts the
phase-shifted signal from the front of
the array. The whole "lid" rotates to a
desired azimuth and the beam is electronically steered in a pattern to create the desired antenna scan pattern
over a desired azimuth and elevation
sector. Note that there are four smaller

Figure 5 shows the CLAM SHELL
radar. Because of its 30-m mast, it can
acquire low-altitude, low-radar cross
section targets in ground clutter, and
it is resistant to jamming and chaff. Its
manufacturer claims it can detect a .02m2 target at 100 km.

WHAT'S NEXT
Next month, we will complete our
discussion of the SA-10 series and move
on to the other systems in the S-300
family. For your comments and suggestions, Dave Adamy can be reached at
www.lynxpub.com. a


http://www.lynxpub.com

JED - March 2018

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of JED - March 2018

The View From Here
Conferences Calendar
Courses Calendar
From the President
The Monitor - DOD Rolls Out $686 Billion FY2019 Budget
World Report - Russia Developing More Sophisticated Approach to EW
The Domain of the Tube – Millimeter Wave and Beyond
A Wild Weasel EWO Kills a SAM – from an AC-130E Gunship
Resilient and Ready: NATO JEWCS in Transition
EW 101
2018 AOC Industry & Institute/ University Member Guide
AOC News
Index of Advertisers
JED Quick Look
JED - March 2018 - intro
JED - March 2018 - cover1
JED - March 2018 - cover2
JED - March 2018 - 3
JED - March 2018 - 4
JED - March 2018 - 5
JED - March 2018 - The View From Here
JED - March 2018 - 7
JED - March 2018 - Conferences Calendar
JED - March 2018 - 9
JED - March 2018 - Courses Calendar
JED - March 2018 - 11
JED - March 2018 - From the President
JED - March 2018 - 13
JED - March 2018 - 14
JED - March 2018 - The Monitor - DOD Rolls Out $686 Billion FY2019 Budget
JED - March 2018 - 16
JED - March 2018 - 17
JED - March 2018 - 18
JED - March 2018 - 19
JED - March 2018 - 20
JED - March 2018 - 21
JED - March 2018 - World Report - Russia Developing More Sophisticated Approach to EW
JED - March 2018 - insert1
JED - March 2018 - insert2
JED - March 2018 - 23
JED - March 2018 - The Domain of the Tube – Millimeter Wave and Beyond
JED - March 2018 - 25
JED - March 2018 - 26
JED - March 2018 - A Wild Weasel EWO Kills a SAM – from an AC-130E Gunship
JED - March 2018 - 28
JED - March 2018 - 29
JED - March 2018 - 30
JED - March 2018 - 31
JED - March 2018 - Resilient and Ready: NATO JEWCS in Transition
JED - March 2018 - 33
JED - March 2018 - 34
JED - March 2018 - 35
JED - March 2018 - 36
JED - March 2018 - 37
JED - March 2018 - 38
JED - March 2018 - 39
JED - March 2018 - 40
JED - March 2018 - 41
JED - March 2018 - EW 101
JED - March 2018 - 43
JED - March 2018 - 44
JED - March 2018 - 45
JED - March 2018 - 2018 AOC Industry & Institute/ University Member Guide
JED - March 2018 - 47
JED - March 2018 - 48
JED - March 2018 - 49
JED - March 2018 - 50
JED - March 2018 - 51
JED - March 2018 - 52
JED - March 2018 - 53
JED - March 2018 - 54
JED - March 2018 - 55
JED - March 2018 - 56
JED - March 2018 - 57
JED - March 2018 - 58
JED - March 2018 - 59
JED - March 2018 - 60
JED - March 2018 - 61
JED - March 2018 - 62
JED - March 2018 - 63
JED - March 2018 - 64
JED - March 2018 - 65
JED - March 2018 - 66
JED - March 2018 - 67
JED - March 2018 - 68
JED - March 2018 - 69
JED - March 2018 - 70
JED - March 2018 - AOC News
JED - March 2018 - 72
JED - March 2018 - Index of Advertisers
JED - March 2018 - JED Quick Look
JED - March 2018 - cover3
JED - March 2018 - cover4
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