JED - April 2014 - 24

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The Journal of Electronic Defense | April 2014


Electronic warfare and spectrum dominance received significant attention during House and Senate Armed Services
Committee (HASC/SASC) hearings on the DOD's FY2015 budget
proposal. For example, during the SASC's Strategic Forces Subcommittee's hearing on Military Space Programs, Dr. John Zangardi, Deputy Assistant Secretary of the Navy for Command,
Control, Communications, Computers, Intelligence, Information Operations and Space, testified that the Navy continues
to be highly dependent upon space-based systems for beyondline-of-sight communications, missile warning, intelligence,
surveillance and reconnaissance and environmental remote
sensing to provide battlespace awareness; and on positioning,
navigation and timing information for critical command and
control, battlespace and global navigation.
"In the face of rapidly emerging threats in's critical that the Navy continue to leverage space capabilities while
improving the resilience of future space architectures to meet
information demands in an increasingly contested electromagnetic environment. The Navy must also identify alternative
sources and capabilities and work with the other services to
develop and refine the necessary tactics, techniques, procedures and operational plans to help preserve Navy fleet information dominance in degraded or denied areas."
And, in his statement to the SASC Subcommittee on Strategic Forces, on the FY2015 budget request for national security
space activities, Gen William L. Shelton, Commander, Air Force
Space Command, warned that "counterspace developments by
potential adversaries are varied and include everything from
jamming to kinetic kill anti-satellite weapons."
General Shelton also noted that the Air Force is also addressing the President's direction to support the National Broadband Plan by finding a balance between assured access,
spectrum sharing and reallocation/repurposing. "Use of
radio spectrum for ground-space communications must
be protected from both a regulatory perspective and
from targeted adversary action."
In his statement before the SASC, ADM Cecil D.
Haney, Commander, US Strategic Command (USSTRATCOM), spoke of the need for USSTRATCOM to continue
to collaborate with the Joint Staff and the Office of
the Secretary of Defense in "driving the development
of comprehensive Joint Electromagnetic Spectrum
Operations (JEMSO) policy and doctrine that consolidates the activities of Electronic Warfare and Spectrum Management."

As described by Admiral Haney, USSTRATCOM assesses systems to determine vulnerabilities to jamming, orchestrates
events to evaluate the ability to detect jamming and operate
in such an environment, coordinates with the combatant commands to determine impacts to plan execution, and sponsors
initiatives to combat jamming and generate requirements.
Admiral Haney also pointed out that the National Military
Strategic Plan for EW (NMSP-EW), approved in late 2013, provided a framework for EW operations and strategic imperatives
for electromagnetic spectrum (EMS) control. The joint architecture plan for Electromagnetic Battle Management (EMBM)
is currently under development. "We seek to use the EMS more
efficiently by investing in time and technology sharing and
fully investigating spectrum re-use opportunities."
In his testimony before the HASC, ADM Jonathan Greenert,
Chief of Naval Operations, noted that in that service's efforts
to arrive at a "balanced (funding) program within fiscal guidance," it focused on six programmatic priorities, one of which
was to sustain or enhance the Navy's asymmetric capabilities
in the physical domains as well in cyberspace and the electromagnetic spectrum. "Our FY2015 program prioritizes capabilities to remain ahead of, or keep pace with, adversary threats,
including electromagnetic spectrum and cyber capabilities and
those capabilities that provide joint-assured access developed
in concert with other services under Air-Sea Battle."
Still, Admiral Greenert testified that the Navy's mission to
project power despite anti-access/area-denial (A2/AD) challenges will be difficult in the increasingly stringent fiscal environment. "The reduced procurement of weapons and slowing
of air and missile defense capabilities, coupled with joint force
deficiencies in wartime information transport and airborne intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance (ISR), will cause
us to assume high risk in conducting this Defense Strategic
Guidance (DSG) mission if we are facing a technologically advanced adversary."
Also of note, at the conclusion of a HASC hearing on the Navy's Proposed Fiscal 2015 Defense Authorization, Congressman
Randy Forbes (R-VA), Chairman of the HASC Seapower and Projection Forces Subcommittee, commented that he appreciated
the Navy and Marine Corps' investment in electronic warfare.
"Obviously, it's close to home, but as well, it has fallen upon the
US Navy to provide the air attack capability for electronic warfare. So the continued investment on the electronic warfare
side to go along with platforms is pretty key, and something we'll be exploring with the other Services as well."
- J. Haystead a


JED - April 2014

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of JED - April 2014

The Monitor
Washington Report
World Report
Interview: Rich Sorelle
The Electromagnetic Battle Management (EMBM) Challenge
Technology Survey: Radar Jammers
Show Preview: EW Europe 2014
The View From Here
Conferences Calendar
Courses Calendar
From the President
EW 101
AOC News
Index of Advertisers
JED Quick Look
JED - April 2014 - cover1
JED - April 2014 - cover2
JED - April 2014 - 3
JED - April 2014 - 4
JED - April 2014 - 5
JED - April 2014 - The View From Here
JED - April 2014 - 7
JED - April 2014 - Conferences Calendar
JED - April 2014 - 9
JED - April 2014 - Courses Calendar
JED - April 2014 - 11
JED - April 2014 - From the President
JED - April 2014 - 13
JED - April 2014 - 14
JED - April 2014 - The Monitor
JED - April 2014 - 16
JED - April 2014 - 17
JED - April 2014 - 18
JED - April 2014 - 19
JED - April 2014 - 20
JED - April 2014 - 21
JED - April 2014 - 22
JED - April 2014 - 23
JED - April 2014 - Washington Report
JED - April 2014 - 25
JED - April 2014 - World Report
JED - April 2014 - 27
JED - April 2014 - Interview: Rich Sorelle
JED - April 2014 - 29
JED - April 2014 - The Electromagnetic Battle Management (EMBM) Challenge
JED - April 2014 - 31
JED - April 2014 - 32
JED - April 2014 - 33
JED - April 2014 - 34
JED - April 2014 - 35
JED - April 2014 - 36
JED - April 2014 - 37
JED - April 2014 - 38
JED - April 2014 - 39
JED - April 2014 - 40
JED - April 2014 - Technology Survey: Radar Jammers
JED - April 2014 - 42
JED - April 2014 - 43
JED - April 2014 - 44
JED - April 2014 - 45
JED - April 2014 - 46
JED - April 2014 - Show Preview: EW Europe 2014
JED - April 2014 - 48
JED - April 2014 - 49
JED - April 2014 - 50
JED - April 2014 - EW 101
JED - April 2014 - 52
JED - April 2014 - 53
JED - April 2014 - AOC News
JED - April 2014 - 55
JED - April 2014 - 56
JED - April 2014 - Index of Advertisers
JED - April 2014 - JED Quick Look
JED - April 2014 - cover3
JED - April 2014 - cover4