JED - April 2014 - 55

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BILLY MITCHELL CHAPTER HOSTS LUNCHEON ON COAST GUARD
INTELLIGENCE AND AFLOAT CRYPTOLOGY

Commander Anzano began by describing a situation that
happened on the one year anniversary of 9/11, in which a
Libyan ship named "Palermo Senator" in New York harbor was
discovered to have radioactive cargo. The ship was ordered
six miles out to sea for safety and further investigation. Due
to the timing of the incident and the proximity to New York,
he said that tensions were high and the Coast Guard was at
the center of the response. He then left us hanging for the
results until the end of his talk. Commander Anzano then
talked to us about how the 44,000 men and women of the
Coast Guard have a wide and varied set of responsibilities to
protect the Nation. Admiral Papp described their mission as:
"We protect citizens from the sea, we protect America from
threats delivered by the sea, and we protect the sea itself."
He further described how EW (SIGINT) can support each of
those missions.
Next Commander Anzano described how the Coast Guard
is uniquely qualified to perform its mission due to access,
emphasis and expertise. First it has access to many areas and
people due to its authorities which give them access to information with unique intelligence value. No other agency has
the totality of authorities that the Coast Guard has. The key

authorities include the ability to collect intelligence, conduct
law enforcement and criminal investigations. Second due to the
Coast Guard's broad authorities and responsibilities it emphasizes the totality of the maritime domain. No other agency
has the mandate to support both homeland and non-homeland
maritime security missions. Finally, Coast Guard intelligence
personnel draw on their broad maritime experience, knowledge
of shipping trends, smuggling modes and how the maritime
domain is exploited to analyze homeland security threats.
Commander Anzano went on to explain how the Coast
Guard conducts investigations to collect information in order
to protect the homeland. He explained how Navy ships have
a Coast Guard detachment on board. When the Navy ship
becomes engaged in a situation that may be criminal in nature
(such as drug smuggling), the Coast Guard detachment will
assume command of the Navy vessel in order to conduct the
criminal investigation. He said that they interact with other
government agencies (such as the FBI, DEA, Boarder Patrol)
on a regular basis. He said that the Coast Guard is now a
full-fledged member of the intelligence community. Their
Signals Intelligence history goes back to countering the "rum
runners" during the Prohibition Era. Many of their analysts
were key in breaking the Enigma Codes during WWII. They
lost much of their intelligence capabilities after WWII but
became heavily involved more recently, especially after 9/11.

Commander Anzano said that the Coast Guard Cryptologic
Group provides capabilities that enhance maritime domain
awareness for operational commanders as they plan and execute
USCG missions. They operate under NSA authorities and provide
intelligence that supports both Coast Guard and national level
customers. His unit has 64 personnel including analysts ashore
and at sea. His unit has provided direct intelligence that has
led to many successful operations. After one operation, a Coast
Guard Cutter Commander told him; "We would not have located
them without their pinpoint accuracy. I understand JS wanted
us to go another direction, but we followed the team and
whamo...bad guys!" Meanwhile, on the Palermo Senator from
the beginning of the article, the ship was six miles out to sea.
As it turns out, the ship had a hold full of tiles that had been
made with clay that had a non-harmful radio-active characteristic. So the ship was allowed to proceed. But the incident
highlighted the need for improved coordination between all
agencies, intelligence, communications and operations. - Kent
Namikas, BMC - AOC Programs Chairman a

The Journal of Electronic Defense | April 2014

We had another great luncheon! At the February luncheon,
we had nearly 30 people in attendance, and we signed up
a new Crow. In addition, the President of the AOC, Wayne
Shaw, joined us to listen to CDR Gene Anzano speak about
how his cryptologic unit supports defense of the homeland.
Commander Anzano is currently the Commanding Officer of
the Coast Guard Cryptologic Unit Texas at NSA Texas. His first
assignment was on a Coast Guard Cutter, but since then he
has had several intelligence related assignments. In 2002, he
was assigned to DIA's Joint Intelligence Task Force Combating
Terrorism where he was the lead analyst for the largest intelligence and criminal investigation in Coast Guard history,
where he worked with the FBI. In 2005, he was assigned to
the National Counterterrorism Center as its first Coast Guard
terrorism analyst. He was also an instructor at National
Defense Intelligence College, where he taught graduate-level
courses in national security policy and homeland security.

55



JED - April 2014

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of JED - April 2014

The Monitor
Washington Report
World Report
Interview: Rich Sorelle
The Electromagnetic Battle Management (EMBM) Challenge
Technology Survey: Radar Jammers
Show Preview: EW Europe 2014
The View From Here
Conferences Calendar
Courses Calendar
From the President
EW 101
AOC News
Index of Advertisers
JED Quick Look
JED - April 2014 - cover1
JED - April 2014 - cover2
JED - April 2014 - 3
JED - April 2014 - 4
JED - April 2014 - 5
JED - April 2014 - The View From Here
JED - April 2014 - 7
JED - April 2014 - Conferences Calendar
JED - April 2014 - 9
JED - April 2014 - Courses Calendar
JED - April 2014 - 11
JED - April 2014 - From the President
JED - April 2014 - 13
JED - April 2014 - 14
JED - April 2014 - The Monitor
JED - April 2014 - 16
JED - April 2014 - 17
JED - April 2014 - 18
JED - April 2014 - 19
JED - April 2014 - 20
JED - April 2014 - 21
JED - April 2014 - 22
JED - April 2014 - 23
JED - April 2014 - Washington Report
JED - April 2014 - 25
JED - April 2014 - World Report
JED - April 2014 - 27
JED - April 2014 - Interview: Rich Sorelle
JED - April 2014 - 29
JED - April 2014 - The Electromagnetic Battle Management (EMBM) Challenge
JED - April 2014 - 31
JED - April 2014 - 32
JED - April 2014 - 33
JED - April 2014 - 34
JED - April 2014 - 35
JED - April 2014 - 36
JED - April 2014 - 37
JED - April 2014 - 38
JED - April 2014 - 39
JED - April 2014 - 40
JED - April 2014 - Technology Survey: Radar Jammers
JED - April 2014 - 42
JED - April 2014 - 43
JED - April 2014 - 44
JED - April 2014 - 45
JED - April 2014 - 46
JED - April 2014 - Show Preview: EW Europe 2014
JED - April 2014 - 48
JED - April 2014 - 49
JED - April 2014 - 50
JED - April 2014 - EW 101
JED - April 2014 - 52
JED - April 2014 - 53
JED - April 2014 - AOC News
JED - April 2014 - 55
JED - April 2014 - 56
JED - April 2014 - Index of Advertisers
JED - April 2014 - JED Quick Look
JED - April 2014 - cover3
JED - April 2014 - cover4
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