JED - June 2015 - 6

the view

f rom he re

FUSION FOR
FIGHTER
AIRCRAFT

The
Electronic
Warfare
Publication
www.crows.org

The Journal of Electronic Defense

JUNE 2015 * Vol. 38, No. 6

EDITORIAL STAFF
Editor: John Knowles
Managing Editor: Elaine Richardson
Senior Editor: John Haystead
Technical Editor: Ollie Holt
Editorial Assistant: Brittany Bowen
Contributing Writers: Dave Adamy, Luca Peruzzi,
Richard Scott
Marketing & Research Coordinator: Kent Agramonte
Proofreader: Shauna Keedian

T

The Journal of Electronic Defense | June 2015

6

his month's JED features an excellent article about missile warning for
fighter aircraft, written by John Haystead. When I think back to the mid1990s, I remember how certain the EW community was at the time about
the need to put missile warning on fast jets. There was good reason for
this. During the 1991 Gulf War, infrared (IR) missiles were the deadliest
threat to coalition aircraft in that conflict, and this needed to be addressed. Airto-air threats were always a worry during the Cold War, but the most significant IR
threat during the Gulf War was from ground-based systems, as strike aircraft had
to routinely drop into the MANPADS threat envelope below 15,000 feet in order to
perform targeting and weapons release. By 1995, the US had started Engineering
and Manufacturing Development of the AAR-57 Common Missile Warning System
(CMWS), a joint-Service passive missile warning system that was slated for use on
most of the DOD's fast jets, as well as its helicopters.
However, the air-to-air threat did not evolve much after the Cold War ended, as
few countries opted to challenge US air power. In addition, US strike aircraft were
able to leverage progress in stand-off targeting systems, such as the Litening and
Sniper pods, as well as GPS-guided munitions, which enabled strike aircraft to fly
their missions above 15,000 feet. Other countries followed suit and the demand for
missile warning on fast jets cooled significantly. These developments led the Air
Force and the Navy to drop out of the CMWS program before it reached production.
In the 2000s, despite the wide use of air power in the Global War on Terror, missile warning remained a low priority (as did most EW requirements) for fast jets.
Except for the initial weeks of the combat operations, coalition strike aircraft enjoyed fairly permissive threat environments above 15,000 feet in Afghanistan and
Iraq. This is not unique to Afghanistan and Iraq. Israel has seen the same trend in
its operations against Hezbollah in Lebanon and Hamas in the Gaza Strip.
Today, we are entering an era in which the air-to-air threat is beginning to
drive the fast jet missile warning discussion again. However, this missile warning
conversation is not picking up where it left off in the mid-1990s. Today, we are
talking about how to fuse missile warning with other sensor inputs, such as AESA
radar, IR search and track (IRST) and electronic support measures (ESM), and presenting this fused situational awareness picture to the pilot in the cockpit. We're
also seeing wider use of IR sensors, which typically perform better than UV sensors
at higher altitudes, in missile warning systems.
With this degree of sensor fusion, it is only a matter of time before we see
fighter/strike aircraft that feature 360-degree coverage from radar and IRST sensors, in addition to ESM and passive missile warning. We're not there yet. But it is
amazing how far we have come in 20 years. - J. Knowles

Sales Administration: Candice Blair

EDITORIAL ADVISORY BOARD
Mr. Micael Johansson
Senior Vice President and Head of Business Area,
Electronic Defence Systems, Saab
Mr. Edgar Maimon
General Manager, Elbit Systems EW and SIGINT - Elisra
Mr. Jeffrey Palombo
Senior VP and GM, Land and Self-Protection Systems Division,
Electronic Systems, Northrop Grumman Corp.
Mr. Steve Roberts
Vice President, Strategy, Selex Galileo
Mr. Travis Slocumb
VP, Electronic Warfare Systems, Raytheon Space and Airborne Systems
Mr. Rich Sorelle
President, Electronic Systems Division, Exelis
Gp Capt P.J. Wallace
Assistant Head Targeting, Military Strategic Effects, UK MOD
Dr. Richard Wittstruck
Acting Deputy Program Executive Officer, PEO Intelligence, Electronic
Warfare and Sensors, USA

PRODUCTION STAFF
Layout & Design: Barry Senyk
Advertising Art: Elaine Connell
Contact the Editor: (978) 509-1450, JEDeditor@naylor.com
Contact the Sales Manager:
(800) 369-6220 or sales@crows.org
Subscription Information: Please contact Glorianne O'Neilin
at (703) 549-1600 or e-mail oneilin@crows.org.
The Journal of Electronic Defense
is published for the AOC by

5950 NW 1st Place
Gainesville, FL 32607
Phone: (800) 369-6220 * Fax: (352) 331-3525
www.naylor.com
©2015 Association of Old Crows/Naylor, LLC. All rights reserved. The
contents of this publication may not be reproduced by any means, in
whole or in part, without the prior written authorization of the publisher.
Editorial: The articles and editorials appearing in this magazine do not
represent an official AOC position, except for the official notices printed
in the "Association News" section or unless specifically identified as an
AOC position.
PUBLISHED JUNE 2015/JED-M0615/1316


http://www.crows.org http://www.naylor.com

JED - June 2015

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of JED - June 2015

The View From Here
Conferences Calendar
Courses Calendar
From the President
The Monitor
World Report
Leadership Interview
Missile Warning for Fighter Aircraft
Technology Survey: RWR/ESM Systems
EW 101
2015 AOC Election Guide
AOC News
Index of Advertisers
JED Quick Look
JED - June 2015 - cover1
JED - June 2015 - cover2
JED - June 2015 - 3
JED - June 2015 - 4
JED - June 2015 - 5
JED - June 2015 - The View From Here
JED - June 2015 - 7
JED - June 2015 - Conferences Calendar
JED - June 2015 - 9
JED - June 2015 - Courses Calendar
JED - June 2015 - 11
JED - June 2015 - From the President
JED - June 2015 - 13
JED - June 2015 - 14
JED - June 2015 - The Monitor
JED - June 2015 - 16
JED - June 2015 - 17
JED - June 2015 - 18
JED - June 2015 - 19
JED - June 2015 - World Report
JED - June 2015 - 21
JED - June 2015 - Leadership Interview
JED - June 2015 - 23
JED - June 2015 - 24
JED - June 2015 - 25
JED - June 2015 - Missile Warning for Fighter Aircraft
JED - June 2015 - 27
JED - June 2015 - 28
JED - June 2015 - 29
JED - June 2015 - 30
JED - June 2015 - 31
JED - June 2015 - 32
JED - June 2015 - 33
JED - June 2015 - 34
JED - June 2015 - 35
JED - June 2015 - 36
JED - June 2015 - 37
JED - June 2015 - 38
JED - June 2015 - Technology Survey: RWR/ESM Systems
JED - June 2015 - 40
JED - June 2015 - 41
JED - June 2015 - 42
JED - June 2015 - 43
JED - June 2015 - 44
JED - June 2015 - 45
JED - June 2015 - 46
JED - June 2015 - 47
JED - June 2015 - EW 101
JED - June 2015 - 49
JED - June 2015 - 50
JED - June 2015 - 51
JED - June 2015 - 52
JED - June 2015 - 53
JED - June 2015 - 54
JED - June 2015 - 2015 AOC Election Guide
JED - June 2015 - 56
JED - June 2015 - 57
JED - June 2015 - 58
JED - June 2015 - 59
JED - June 2015 - 60
JED - June 2015 - AOC News
JED - June 2015 - 62
JED - June 2015 - 63
JED - June 2015 - 64
JED - June 2015 - Index of Advertisers
JED - June 2015 - JED Quick Look
JED - June 2015 - cover3
JED - June 2015 - cover4
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