JED - August 2016 - 26

The Journal of Electronic Defense | August 2016


Cyber Blitz experimental brigade task
force command center, including an MOS
11 infantry officer serving as the chief
of operations, MOS 17 cyber operations
specialists, traditional MOS 25 signal
support specialists providing the transport layers, MOS 29 EW specialists, and
MOS 35 military intelligence analysts.
In addition, there was also an MOS 30
information operations civilian affairs
officer and an operations legal expert. A
complete battle staff would also include
an MOS 13 field artillery specialist to
help with the targeting cell.
Says Wittstruck, "With the staff expertise all assembled in one place, the
task was to determine the best configuration for their integration, not just in
seats and systems, but in actual procedures. Who needs to talk to who to get
a critical task done, or to answer a commander's request for information?"
Wittstruck points to the symbiosis
between geospatial and spectral combat that converges at the brigade-level
tactical commander. "Commanders now,
and into the future, can no longer just
be concerned about the geospatial aspects of the placement of enemy troops
vs. the placement of their own troops.
Now, they also have to be concerned
about the RF signatures their own forces
are putting out, what the enemy can detect and learn from them, and in turn,
what they can learn from the RF signa-

tures of the enemy and how they can
take advantage of this information."
Based on the results of Cyber Blitz, augmentations will be made to field manual
3-12 (Army Cyberspace and EW Operations) which will now define what cyber
and electromagnetic operations are for
the US Army in the context of unified
land operations.
A major challenge confronting the
new approach, however, is that many
of the participants have never been
trained to function this way, because
there hasn't been any operational doctrine for describing it. As explained
by LTC Brent Clemmer, First Battalion,
21st Infantry Regiment Commander,
and Chief of Operations for Cyber Blitz,
"We have people here who are very used
to excelling in their cylinder of excellence, whether spectrum or network, but
they aren't used to describing to a commander the risks posed to that network
that also provide a risk to ground operations. Without the enabling functions
taking place back at the TOC, we can't
put our forces in a position of relative
advantage, or the enemy can put them
at disadvantage. So, in some respects,
it's about cultural change, with EWOs,
signalers, network managers, spectrum
analyzers, who were all good at their job
before, now also seeing themselves as
analysts, and asking the questions: Who
else needs to know?, What do I really

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know? And, how will this affect a maneuver that the brigade is executing? It
requires changing how people speak, almost like learning a different language."
MAJ Robert Braley, normally a Division EWO, but serving as the Brigade's
MOS 29 and Chief of the CEMA cell for
the exercise, described the experience.
"Under this new construct, we have a
CEMA cell made up of not only the EW
section that is currently in a brigade,
but also a 17A soldier (Captain) who is
the new cyber MOS, as well as the 255S
(network defense) as well as some Signal
and net-ops personnel. We also had some
SIGINT soldiers who were simulating
some National-level assets. My observation is that generally EWO communications depend on the dynamics of the
unit they're in, but they tend to interact
with at least the targeting and either
the Commander and the S3 (operational
planning) a little more than some other
entities in the cell (cyber, spectrum, SIGINTers) who aren't used to that kind of
relationship on the current ops floor or
talking to an operations officer. It's a
new concept and new paradigm shift."
Almost immediately, many important
practical lessons were learned through
the Cyber Blitz exercise. One example
pointed to by Wittstruck involved the
physical location of the Chief of CEMA.
"Usually, you would have your CEMA
Chief back with the EWOs and cyber warriors because he's the team lead, however, after the first week, Lieutenant
Colonel Clemmer chose to move him out
of this comfort zone and instead embed
him with the current operation's S2 (intelligence) staff. This meant that you
now had the richness of the CEMA chief
speaking with one voice on behalf of all
the cyber and EW warriors directly to the
S2 intel officer saying 'these are the RFIs
we have, and this is what we're seeing.'"
Lieutenant Colonel Clemmer emphasizes the point, "I not only need to ensure that I have good communications,
but I also need to recognize that I'm putting a lot of energy out into the environment. Who else can see that energy? The
criteria as to where I put mission command nodes must include analysis from
the spectrum folks to make sure I'm not
pushing energy where it shouldn't be. To
do otherwise creates risks to the force

JED - August 2016

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of JED - August 2016

The View From Here
Conferences Calendar
Courses Calendar
From the President
The Monitor
World Report
Cyber Blitz: US Army Gains New Insight for EW/Cyber Operational Integration
Technology Survey: Solid State Power Amplifiers for EW, Radar and Communications Applications
EW 101
Threat Monitor
AOC Election
Index of Advertisers
JED Quick Look
JED - August 2016 - cover1
JED - August 2016 - cover2
JED - August 2016 - 3
JED - August 2016 - 4
JED - August 2016 - 5
JED - August 2016 - The View From Here
JED - August 2016 - 7
JED - August 2016 - insert1
JED - August 2016 - insert2
JED - August 2016 - Conferences Calendar
JED - August 2016 - 9
JED - August 2016 - Courses Calendar
JED - August 2016 - 11
JED - August 2016 - From the President
JED - August 2016 - 13
JED - August 2016 - 14
JED - August 2016 - The Monitor
JED - August 2016 - 16
JED - August 2016 - 17
JED - August 2016 - 18
JED - August 2016 - 19
JED - August 2016 - 20
JED - August 2016 - 21
JED - August 2016 - World Report
JED - August 2016 - 23
JED - August 2016 - Cyber Blitz: US Army Gains New Insight for EW/Cyber Operational Integration
JED - August 2016 - 25
JED - August 2016 - 26
JED - August 2016 - 27
JED - August 2016 - 28
JED - August 2016 - 29
JED - August 2016 - 30
JED - August 2016 - 31
JED - August 2016 - 32
JED - August 2016 - 33
JED - August 2016 - 34
JED - August 2016 - Technology Survey: Solid State Power Amplifiers for EW, Radar and Communications Applications
JED - August 2016 - 36
JED - August 2016 - 37
JED - August 2016 - 38
JED - August 2016 - 39
JED - August 2016 - 40
JED - August 2016 - 41
JED - August 2016 - EW 101
JED - August 2016 - 43
JED - August 2016 - Threat Monitor
JED - August 2016 - 45
JED - August 2016 - 46
JED - August 2016 - AOC Election
JED - August 2016 - 48
JED - August 2016 - Index of Advertisers
JED - August 2016 - JED Quick Look
JED - August 2016 - cover3
JED - August 2016 - cover4