JED - August 2016 - (Page 44)

Threat Monitor THREAT ROUND-UP Russian Missile Destroyer, Air-Droppable SAM, North Korea's Advanced SAM, Russian Air-to-Air Missiles By Doug Richardson RUSSIA PLANS A NEXT-GENERATION MISSILE DESTROYER The Journal of Electronic Defense | August 2016 44 Russia could finalize the design of its proposed Project 23560 Lider (Leader)-Class missile destroyers later this year. The new class is intended to replace the existing Slava-Class cruisers and Sovremennyy-Class and Udaloy I-Class destroyers. The oldest of these ships was commissioned in 1982, the youngest in 1994. Work on the new vessel has been under way at the Severnoye Design Bureau since 2010. A preliminary design has been submitted to the Russian Ministry of Defence, Igor Ponomarev, vice-president of Russia's United Shipbuilding Corporation (USC), told the RIA Novosti news agency earlier this summer. Russia is expected to build a total of 12 Lider-class ships - six for the Northern Fleet and six for the Pacific Fleet. If the program receives prompt approval, the lead-ship keel will be laid down in 2018 or 2019, and it is scheduled for completion in the mid-2020s. It will be named after former Russian Prime Minister Yevgeny Primakov. The new destroyer is expected to be 200m long, displacing up to 17,500 tons, making it larger and heavier than the ships it will replace. (The heaviest of these is the Slava Class, at 11,700 tons.) A maximum speed of 32 knots has been reported. Alternative nuclear and gas-turbine propulsion schemes were considered, but in May 2015, the Tass news agency reported that the Russian Navy had opted for nuclear propulsion. A model of the planned vessel displayed at a Russian military exhibition last year shows a single gun mounted forward of a series of silos for vertically launched missiles, while a flight deck at the stern can accommodate two Kamov Ka-27 or Kamov Ka-32 helicopters. The entire superstructure is sloped, while the masts are of pyramidal form - features intended to reduce the ship's radar cross section. Missing from the displayed configuration are the large numbers of mechanically scanned antennas that festoon many Russian warships designed during the Soviet era. Rectangular panels seen on each face of the upper two of the three stacked pyramid-shaped units that make up the main mast are almost certainly electronically-scanned antenna arrays for radars and EW systems. A spherical radome at the top of a second lower mast probably contains a rotating antenna assembly, perhaps either a single electronically-scanned array, or two such arrays mounted back-to-back. The destroyer's offensive armament is expected to include Kalibr-NK anti-ship, anti-submarine and land-attack missiles, P-800 Oniks supersonic anti-ship cruise missiles and the new 3M22 Zircon hypersonic missile. For anti-aircraft and anti-missile defense, the ship could carry either an advanced version of the Fort-M (SA-N-20 "Gargoyle") naval version of the S-400 or even a navalized variant of the S-500 Prometey (55R6M Triumfator-M). Unoffical reports predict the ship will carry a mix of 128 surface-to-air missiles and 76 anti-ship missiles. This is around twice the number carried by the US Navy's Arleigh Burke-Class destroyers. Designed to fly at speeds of Mach 5 or Mach 6, Zircon began test flights from a land-based launcher earlier this year. A program of state trials is due to be completed by the end of 2017, allowing production to begin in 2018. Zircon will probably enter service on the nuclear-powered Project 11442 OrlanClass (Kirov-Class) battlecruiser Admiral Nakhimov. Currently undergoing a modernization program, this ship is expected to return to service in 2018. Its sister ship Pyotr Veliky is due to complete a similar overhaul by the end of 2022. Zircon will replace the P-700 Granit supersonic anti-ship missile systems originally carried by both ships. A mix of Zircon and Kalibr cruise missiles will be carried in ten eightround 3S-14 vertical launch systems. According to Russia's Tass news agency, Zircon will also be deployed in submarine- and air-launched versions. The likely platforms for these applications are the next-generation Husky-Class nuclear attack submarines, and the planned Tupolev Tu-160M2 "Blackjack" and Tupolev PAKDA bombers.

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of JED - August 2016

The View From Here
Conferences Calendar
Courses Calendar
From the President
The Monitor
World Report
Cyber Blitz: US Army Gains New Insight for EW/Cyber Operational Integration
Technology Survey: Solid State Power Amplifiers for EW, Radar and Communications Applications
EW 101
Threat Monitor
AOC Election
Index of Advertisers
JED Quick Look

JED - August 2016

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