JED - August 2016 - (Page 44)
Russian Missile Destroyer,
North Korea's Advanced SAM,
Russian Air-to-Air Missiles
By Doug Richardson
RUSSIA PLANS A NEXT-GENERATION
The Journal of Electronic Defense | August 2016
Russia could finalize the design of its proposed Project
23560 Lider (Leader)-Class missile destroyers later this year.
The new class is intended to replace the existing Slava-Class
cruisers and Sovremennyy-Class and Udaloy I-Class destroyers. The oldest of these ships was commissioned in 1982, the
youngest in 1994.
Work on the new vessel has been under way at the Severnoye Design Bureau since 2010. A preliminary design has
been submitted to the Russian Ministry of Defence, Igor
Ponomarev, vice-president of Russia's United Shipbuilding
Corporation (USC), told the RIA Novosti news agency earlier
Russia is expected to build a total of 12 Lider-class ships
- six for the Northern Fleet and six for the Pacific Fleet. If
the program receives prompt approval, the lead-ship keel
will be laid down in 2018 or 2019, and it is scheduled for
completion in the mid-2020s. It will be named after former
Russian Prime Minister Yevgeny Primakov.
The new destroyer is expected to be 200m long, displacing up to 17,500 tons, making it larger and heavier than
the ships it will replace. (The heaviest of these is the Slava
Class, at 11,700 tons.)
A maximum speed of 32 knots has been reported. Alternative nuclear and gas-turbine propulsion schemes were
considered, but in May 2015, the Tass news agency reported
that the Russian Navy had opted for nuclear propulsion.
A model of the planned vessel displayed at a Russian
military exhibition last year shows a single gun mounted
forward of a series of silos for vertically launched missiles, while a flight deck at the stern can accommodate
two Kamov Ka-27 or Kamov Ka-32 helicopters. The entire
superstructure is sloped, while the masts are of pyramidal form - features intended to reduce the ship's radar
Missing from the displayed configuration are the large
numbers of mechanically scanned antennas that festoon
many Russian warships designed during the Soviet era.
Rectangular panels seen on each face of the upper two of
the three stacked pyramid-shaped units that make up the
main mast are almost certainly electronically-scanned antenna arrays for radars and EW systems. A spherical radome
at the top of a second lower mast probably contains a rotating antenna assembly, perhaps either a single electronically-scanned array, or two such arrays mounted back-to-back.
The destroyer's offensive armament is expected to include Kalibr-NK anti-ship, anti-submarine and land-attack
missiles, P-800 Oniks supersonic anti-ship cruise missiles
and the new 3M22 Zircon hypersonic missile. For anti-aircraft and anti-missile defense, the ship could carry either an
advanced version of the Fort-M (SA-N-20 "Gargoyle") naval
version of the S-400 or even a navalized variant of the S-500
Prometey (55R6M Triumfator-M). Unoffical reports predict
the ship will carry a mix of 128 surface-to-air missiles and
76 anti-ship missiles. This is around twice the number carried by the US Navy's Arleigh Burke-Class destroyers.
Designed to fly at speeds of Mach 5 or Mach 6, Zircon began test flights from a land-based launcher earlier this year.
A program of state trials is due to be completed by the end of
2017, allowing production to begin in 2018. Zircon will probably enter service on the nuclear-powered Project 11442 OrlanClass (Kirov-Class) battlecruiser Admiral Nakhimov. Currently
undergoing a modernization program, this ship is expected
to return to service in 2018. Its sister ship Pyotr Veliky is due
to complete a similar overhaul by the end of 2022.
Zircon will replace the P-700 Granit supersonic anti-ship
missile systems originally carried by both ships. A mix of
Zircon and Kalibr cruise missiles will be carried in ten eightround 3S-14 vertical launch systems.
According to Russia's Tass news agency, Zircon will also
be deployed in submarine- and air-launched versions. The
likely platforms for these applications are the next-generation Husky-Class nuclear attack submarines, and the
planned Tupolev Tu-160M2 "Blackjack" and Tupolev PAKDA bombers.
Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of JED - August 2016
The View From Here
From the President
Cyber Blitz: US Army Gains New Insight for EW/Cyber Operational Integration
Technology Survey: Solid State Power Amplifiers for EW, Radar and Communications Applications
Index of Advertisers
JED Quick Look
JED - August 2016