JED - August 2016 - 45

ADVANCED SAM DEMONSTRATED
TO NORTH KOREA'S LEADER

Russia is developing a new air-droppable surface-to-air
missile (SAM) vehicle based on the BMD-4M armored vehicle, according to the country's Zvezda TV channel. The
system is designated Ptitselov (Fowler), and is intended to
provide newly-landed paratroopers with an air-defense capability. At present, air-dropped forces have had to rely on
Igla and Verba man-portable air-defense systems to defend
themselves against air attack.
Announced in 2008, the BMD-4M is a modernized version
of the 13.6-ton BMD-4 tracked vehicle. Ptitselov may combine this chassis with a SAM installation based on that carried by the SOSNA export version of the Nudelman Precision
Engineering Bureau's Strela-10M4 (SA-13 "Gopher"). SOSNA
is based on the modified MT-LB tracked chassis used by the
Strela-10 series, but according to Nudelman, the turret was
designed to be a self-contained unit that can be mounted on
other types of vehicle.
While all previous Strela-10 systems used passively-guided heat-seeking missiles, SOSNA is armed with two-stage
missiles based on laser beam riding. Six 9M337 missiles are
mounted on either side of a turret that incorporates TV and
thermal-imaging sensors, a laser rangefinder and a system
used to create the laser beam on which the missile rides.
A newly-launched missile is tracked by a thermal-imaging sensor linked to a system that generates the guidance
commands needed to "gather" the missile and bring it onto
the guidance beam. These guidance commands are transmitted to the missile via a radio-frequency link, and the
gathering process takes about two seconds, by which time
the booster has been jettisoned. The missile then rides the
laser beam. Maximum missile speed is 875 m/s.
Targets can be engaged at ranges of up to 10 km, and altitudes of up to 5,000 m. At the moment of interception, an
active laser optical fuze is used to initiate a 5-kg warhead.

On April 2, 2016, North Korea's official news agency
reported that the country's leader, Kim Jong-un had witnessed the test of "a new-type anti-air guided weapon
system" in which surface-to-air missiles (SAMs) had "accurately hit mock enemy aerial targets." The South Korean
defense ministry later confirmed that the firing had been
conducted from the eastern city of Sondok at around 12:45
pm local time on the previous day.
Images released by the Korean Central News Agency
(KCNA) showed a missile similar in general appearance to
those used by the Russian S-300 (SA-10 'Grumble') system
being cold-launched from a vertically-positioned launch
tube mounted on a transporter-erector-launcher (TEL) vehicle. Like the Russian missiles (and their Chinese HQ-9
counterpart), the weapon then ignited its rocket motor to
begin its flight to the target.
North Korea first showed the system components during an October 2010 military parade to mark the 65th anniversary of the founding of the ruling Workers' Party of
Korea. Known to the West as the KN-06, the new missile
system is reported to have the North Korean designation
Pon'gae-5.
The April trial was not the first firing of the new SAM;
an earlier test launch is known to have been conducted in
June 2011. South Korean Defense Minister Kim Kwan-jin
told a subsequent meeting of the National Assembly's Defense Committee on June 14, 2011: "We believe North Korea
was testing its latest weapon system and we have concluded
that it was a success."
The TEL has three tubes for vertically-launched missiles.
Although the missile used by the Pon'gae-5 system is similar in appearance to the 5V55/48N6 series used by the S-300
system - a wingless design with four cruciform tail fins,
and a tapered nose section that houses a radio-frequency
seeker - some analysts have concluded that its launch tubes
are shorter than those used by the S-300.
The associated fire-control radar was not shown in the
official photographs of the April trial. However, North Korea has paraded a radar vehicle similar in general configuration to the Russian 5N63 "Tombstone" fire control radar
vehicle used by the S-300.
Given that all three countries have missiles similar in
configuration to that used by the Pon'gae-5, Russia, China,
and Iran have all been mentioned as potential sources of
technology for the new system.
If there is an Iranian involvement, the flow of technology could largely be from North Korea to Iran rather than
in the reverse direction, given that Iran's Bavar 373 program seems to be going through the early phases of its program and moving on an earlier timescale than that of the
Pon'gae-5.
Speaking to journalists on 18 October of last year, Brigadier General Esmaili, Commander of Iran's Khatam ol-Anbia

The SOSNA turret, seen here on an MT-LB tracked vehicle, was
designed to be compatible with other models of wheeled or tracked
chassis. It may form the armament of the new Ptitselov airdroppable SAM vehicle. (Nudelman Precision Engineering Bureau.)

The Journal of Electronic Defense | August 2016

AIR-DROPPABLE SAM WILL PROTECT
RUSSIAN PARATROOPS

45



JED - August 2016

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of JED - August 2016

The View From Here
Conferences Calendar
Courses Calendar
From the President
The Monitor
World Report
Cyber Blitz: US Army Gains New Insight for EW/Cyber Operational Integration
Technology Survey: Solid State Power Amplifiers for EW, Radar and Communications Applications
EW 101
Threat Monitor
AOC Election
Index of Advertisers
JED Quick Look
JED - August 2016 - cover1
JED - August 2016 - cover2
JED - August 2016 - 3
JED - August 2016 - 4
JED - August 2016 - 5
JED - August 2016 - The View From Here
JED - August 2016 - 7
JED - August 2016 - insert1
JED - August 2016 - insert2
JED - August 2016 - Conferences Calendar
JED - August 2016 - 9
JED - August 2016 - Courses Calendar
JED - August 2016 - 11
JED - August 2016 - From the President
JED - August 2016 - 13
JED - August 2016 - 14
JED - August 2016 - The Monitor
JED - August 2016 - 16
JED - August 2016 - 17
JED - August 2016 - 18
JED - August 2016 - 19
JED - August 2016 - 20
JED - August 2016 - 21
JED - August 2016 - World Report
JED - August 2016 - 23
JED - August 2016 - Cyber Blitz: US Army Gains New Insight for EW/Cyber Operational Integration
JED - August 2016 - 25
JED - August 2016 - 26
JED - August 2016 - 27
JED - August 2016 - 28
JED - August 2016 - 29
JED - August 2016 - 30
JED - August 2016 - 31
JED - August 2016 - 32
JED - August 2016 - 33
JED - August 2016 - 34
JED - August 2016 - Technology Survey: Solid State Power Amplifiers for EW, Radar and Communications Applications
JED - August 2016 - 36
JED - August 2016 - 37
JED - August 2016 - 38
JED - August 2016 - 39
JED - August 2016 - 40
JED - August 2016 - 41
JED - August 2016 - EW 101
JED - August 2016 - 43
JED - August 2016 - Threat Monitor
JED - August 2016 - 45
JED - August 2016 - 46
JED - August 2016 - AOC Election
JED - August 2016 - 48
JED - August 2016 - Index of Advertisers
JED - August 2016 - JED Quick Look
JED - August 2016 - cover3
JED - August 2016 - cover4
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