JED - October 2013 - 28

washing t on
repor t
GAO RECOMMENDS CONTINUED ASSESSMENT OF NGJ FOR DUPLICATION AND OVERLAP

The Journal of Electronic Defense | October 2013

28

A Government Accountability Office (GAO) report released
in August on the Next Generation Jammer (NGJ) program
concludes, as its title states, that the “DOD Should Continue
to Assess Potential Duplication and Overlap As (the NGJ) Program Moves Forward.” However, close examination of the report suggests the evidence may not actually strongly support
this conclusion.
The report follows an earlier GAO report from March of 2012
that found “potential overlap among airborne electronic attack (AEA) systems in development by each of the military
services, particularly among systems used for irregular warfare that the Services were acquiring under urgent operational
needs processes.” In the current report, the GAO was tasked
by the Senate (Appropriations Report 112-196, for the FY2013
defense spending bill), to review the extent to which DOD had
assessed whether there was duplication among NGJ and other
existing capabilities or acquisition programs, and whether NGJ
was being managed as a joint solution supporting multiple
military services.
The report concludes that, although GAO agrees that DOD
had indeed assessed whether the planned NGJ program was
duplicative using a variety of means, and concluded that it
was not, all of the DOD’s evaluation methods “looked only at
the issue in terms of the NGJ’s primary role (suppression of air
defenses from outside the range of surface to air missiles) and
none adequately addressed the system’s other planned roles
(such as communications jamming in irregular warfare environments), or took into account the military services’ evolving
AEA investment plans,” where the GAO felt there was some
level of overlap. Specifically referenced were the AESA radars
of F-35 and F-22 aircraft, that may be able to perform some
jamming functions in a modified escort role; and the communications jamming capabilities of the Army’s CEASAR and
Marine Corps’ Intrepid Tiger II systems.
Though the report notes that “redundancy in some of
these areas may, in fact, be desirable,” it also points out
that “pursuing multiple acquisition efforts to develop
similar capabilities can result in the same capability
gap being filled twice or more, lead to inefficient use
of resources, and contribute to other warfighting needs
going unfilled.”
To address the concern, the GAO specifically recommends that the NGJ capability development document
(CDD) be required to cover potential redundancies be-

tween NGJ and existing and proposed programs across all of
its planned roles. It also recommends that measures be taken
to ensure that the Electronic Warfare Strategy Report to Congress include information on potentially overlapping capabilities and why that overlap is warranted. The DOD agrees
with this second recommendation, but does not concur that
the CDD document is the place to assess duplication and redundancy concerns.
With regard to the report’s second attention area, whether
NGJ is being managed as a joint acquisition program, the GAO
concluded that it is not. “The NGJ’s capabilities are not intended to meet all of the military services’ airborne electronic
attack needs and the services are planning to make additional
investments in systems that are tailored to meet their specific
warfighting roles.”
This co-conclusion, however, actually seems to raise an
interesting question in the discussion, since it appears to
support the DOD’s position relative to the completeness of
its capability-gap and NGJ capability assessments, as well
as the role and purpose of NGJ relative to other Service systems and platforms.
The GAO report seems to further reinforce this view when it
points out that “the military services might be able to leverage
the NGJ program in support of their own acquisition priorities because it plans to use a modular open systems approach,
which allows for components to be added, removed, or modified without significantly impacting the rest of the system.
This approach could make it easier to integrate the NGJ or its
technologies into other systems in the future.” As the DOD
stated in its formal response to the report, “Thus, what GAO
identifies as potential duplication, the Department believes is
an efficient use of resources to increase communication jamming capacity to meet validated warfighting requirements.”
It may also be relevant to note that the current GAO report
references other earlier reports, including its July 2012 report
on “Electronic Warfare – DOD Actions Needed to Strengthen
Management and Oversight,” in which it found that DOD’s
ability to eliminate potentially unnecessary overlap may
have been undermined by “a lack of designated, joint leadership charged with overseeing electronic warfare acquisition
activities.” The current report, however, does not explore this
lack of “designated joint leadership,” or of any ongoing developments or progress, if any, aimed at addressing it.
– J. Haystead a



JED - October 2013

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of JED - October 2013

The View From Here
Conferences Calendar
Courses Calendar
From the President
Letters
The Monitor
Washington Report
Growing AOC’s EW Advocacy Program
World Report
Beyond CREW: Army EW Fights for a Bigger Spectrum
US Army Electronic Warfare in the Post- Global War on Terrorism World
RF Decoys for Fighter Aircraft
New Products
EW 101
AOC News
AOC 50th Annual International Symposium and Convention Guide
AOC 2013 Award Winners
Index of Advertisers
JED Quick Look
JED - October 2013 - cover1
JED - October 2013 - cover2
JED - October 2013 - 3
JED - October 2013 - 4
JED - October 2013 - 5
JED - October 2013 - The View From Here
JED - October 2013 - 7
JED - October 2013 - Conferences Calendar
JED - October 2013 - 9
JED - October 2013 - Courses Calendar
JED - October 2013 - 11
JED - October 2013 - From the President
JED - October 2013 - 13
JED - October 2013 - Letters
JED - October 2013 - The Monitor
JED - October 2013 - 16
JED - October 2013 - 17
JED - October 2013 - 18
JED - October 2013 - 19
JED - October 2013 - 20
JED - October 2013 - 21
JED - October 2013 - 22
JED - October 2013 - 23
JED - October 2013 - 24
JED - October 2013 - 25
JED - October 2013 - 26
JED - October 2013 - 27
JED - October 2013 - Washington Report
JED - October 2013 - 29
JED - October 2013 - Growing AOC’s EW Advocacy Program
JED - October 2013 - 31
JED - October 2013 - 32
JED - October 2013 - 33
JED - October 2013 - World Report
JED - October 2013 - 35
JED - October 2013 - Beyond CREW: Army EW Fights for a Bigger Spectrum
JED - October 2013 - 37
JED - October 2013 - 38
JED - October 2013 - 39
JED - October 2013 - 40
JED - October 2013 - 41
JED - October 2013 - 42
JED - October 2013 - 43
JED - October 2013 - 44
JED - October 2013 - 45
JED - October 2013 - 46
JED - October 2013 - 47
JED - October 2013 - US Army Electronic Warfare in the Post- Global War on Terrorism World
JED - October 2013 - 49
JED - October 2013 - 50
JED - October 2013 - 51
JED - October 2013 - 52
JED - October 2013 - 53
JED - October 2013 - RF Decoys for Fighter Aircraft
JED - October 2013 - 55
JED - October 2013 - 56
JED - October 2013 - 57
JED - October 2013 - 58
JED - October 2013 - 59
JED - October 2013 - New Products
JED - October 2013 - 61
JED - October 2013 - EW 101
JED - October 2013 - 63
JED - October 2013 - 64
JED - October 2013 - 65
JED - October 2013 - 66
JED - October 2013 - 67
JED - October 2013 - AOC News
JED - October 2013 - 69
JED - October 2013 - 70
JED - October 2013 - 71
JED - October 2013 - 72
JED - October 2013 - 73
JED - October 2013 - 74
JED - October 2013 - AOC 50th Annual International Symposium and Convention Guide
JED - October 2013 - 76
JED - October 2013 - 77
JED - October 2013 - 78
JED - October 2013 - 79
JED - October 2013 - 80
JED - October 2013 - 81
JED - October 2013 - 82
JED - October 2013 - 83
JED - October 2013 - 84
JED - October 2013 - 85
JED - October 2013 - 86
JED - October 2013 - 87
JED - October 2013 - 88
JED - October 2013 - 89
JED - October 2013 - 90
JED - October 2013 - 91
JED - October 2013 - 92
JED - October 2013 - 93
JED - October 2013 - 94
JED - October 2013 - 95
JED - October 2013 - 96
JED - October 2013 - 97
JED - October 2013 - 98
JED - October 2013 - 99
JED - October 2013 - 100
JED - October 2013 - 101
JED - October 2013 - 102
JED - October 2013 - 103
JED - October 2013 - 104
JED - October 2013 - AOC 2013 Award Winners
JED - October 2013 - 106
JED - October 2013 - 107
JED - October 2013 - 108
JED - October 2013 - 109
JED - October 2013 - 110
JED - October 2013 - 111
JED - October 2013 - Index of Advertisers
JED - October 2013 - 113
JED - October 2013 - JED Quick Look
JED - October 2013 - cover3
JED - October 2013 - cover4
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