JED - October 2014 - 34

on the electromagnetic battlefield, we
should avoid expending resources in going after well-defended EMOE surfaces
and instead seek to exploit enemy EMOE
gaps. For example, we target gaps in
enemy network firewalls. Likewise, we
don't attempt to break modern encryption algorithms if we can more easily
recover a key by targeting enemy encryption or protocol implementation
flaws. If an adversary is communicating using a mode, or portion of the EMS,
which we are incapable of exploiting,

we attempt to force them via kinetic or
non-kinetic means to revert to communications which we can exploit.
World War II general and mechanized
maneuver champion George S. Patton famously once stated, "Fixed fortifications
are monuments to man's stupidity." Much
like on the battlefields of WWII Europe,
EMW strategy attempts to reduce dependence on fixed defenses, relying instead
on agility to overcome adversarial action. The idea is to distribute our EM
vulnerabilities and quickly adapt and

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The Journal of Electronic Defense | October 2014

34

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9/4/14 12:59 PM

overcome "friction" so attackers are
confronted and confounded by an impractically large or continually changing target. Using maneuver warfare
terminology, this tactic attempts to
limit exposure to enemy action by making it difficult for them to select an effective "Schwerpunkt" or focus of effort
in the EMOE. Frequency hopping spreadspectrum (FHSS) communications and
frequency-agile radar systems are just
two established technologies that incorporate this tactic. A similar idea
involving computer network defense
(CND) is the use of dynamically configurable routers and dynamic IP addressing schemes. Within communications,
another example would be to dynamically reroute traffic through an entirely
different network should impediments
be encountered. For example, if lineof-sight radio communications become
adversely impacted by interference, an
agile communications system might -
transparent to its users - automatically
negotiate a new connection and switch
to a satellite link during the course of
the conversation. The latter technique
is one that isn't very difficult to grasp.
Anyone who has ever switched their
mobile device from cellular service to a
local Wi-Fi network, in order to increase
the download speed of a large file, has
manually engaged in a similar strategy.
We refer to this capability as network
interoperability fidelity (Ni-Fi).
In the Art of War, Sun Tzu teaches
us to rely, not on the likelihood of not
coming, but on our own readiness to
receive him. If we, in the future, hope
to avoid pitched electronic battles and
cyber-trench-warfare, we must develop
agile equipment capable of detecting
threats and dynamically reconfiguring
and moving within the EMOE. Otherwise
we risk becoming pinned down in an
"EMOE no-man's land."
Incorporating a full suite of EMW
capabilities will require a shift from a
static operational paradigm to a dynamic one. This demands changes to doctrine, as well as technological advances
necessary to upgrade our EM equipment
infrastructure. First, we must continue
to improve sensor technologies and enhance receiver capabilities by improving
both bandwidth (e.g., photonics) and


http://www.cttinc.com http://www.cttinc.com

JED - October 2014

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of JED - October 2014

The View From Here
Conferences Calendar
Courses Calendar
From the President
The Monitor
Washington Report
World Report
Maneuver Warfare in the Electromagnetic Battlespace
The Race to Keep Pace: Countermeasures Against Radar-Guided Anti-Ship Missiles
CONVERGING INTERESTS - Is CEMA the Right Solution for the US Army’s EMS Mission?
Technology Survey: Anti-Jam GPS Receivers and Antennas
New Products
Book Reviews
EW 101
AOC 2014 Award Winners
AOC News
Index of Advertisers
JED Quick Look
JED - October 2014 - cover1
JED - October 2014 - cover2
JED - October 2014 - 3
JED - October 2014 - 4
JED - October 2014 - 5
JED - October 2014 - The View From Here
JED - October 2014 - 7
JED - October 2014 - Conferences Calendar
JED - October 2014 - 9
JED - October 2014 - Courses Calendar
JED - October 2014 - 11
JED - October 2014 - From the President
JED - October 2014 - 13
JED - October 2014 - 14
JED - October 2014 - The Monitor
JED - October 2014 - 16
JED - October 2014 - 17
JED - October 2014 - 18
JED - October 2014 - 19
JED - October 2014 - 20
JED - October 2014 - 21
JED - October 2014 - 22
JED - October 2014 - 23
JED - October 2014 - 24
JED - October 2014 - 25
JED - October 2014 - Washington Report
JED - October 2014 - 27
JED - October 2014 - World Report
JED - October 2014 - 29
JED - October 2014 - Maneuver Warfare in the Electromagnetic Battlespace
JED - October 2014 - 31
JED - October 2014 - 32
JED - October 2014 - 33
JED - October 2014 - 34
JED - October 2014 - 35
JED - October 2014 - 36
JED - October 2014 - 37
JED - October 2014 - 38
JED - October 2014 - 39
JED - October 2014 - 40
JED - October 2014 - 41
JED - October 2014 - 42
JED - October 2014 - 43
JED - October 2014 - 44
JED - October 2014 - 45
JED - October 2014 - The Race to Keep Pace: Countermeasures Against Radar-Guided Anti-Ship Missiles
JED - October 2014 - 47
JED - October 2014 - 48
JED - October 2014 - 49
JED - October 2014 - 50
JED - October 2014 - 51
JED - October 2014 - 52
JED - October 2014 - 53
JED - October 2014 - 54
JED - October 2014 - 55
JED - October 2014 - 56
JED - October 2014 - 57
JED - October 2014 - 58
JED - October 2014 - 59
JED - October 2014 - 60
JED - October 2014 - 61
JED - October 2014 - 62
JED - October 2014 - 63
JED - October 2014 - 64
JED - October 2014 - CONVERGING INTERESTS - Is CEMA the Right Solution for the US Army’s EMS Mission?
JED - October 2014 - 66
JED - October 2014 - 68
JED - October 2014 - 67
JED - October 2014 - Technology Survey: Anti-Jam GPS Receivers and Antennas
JED - October 2014 - 70
JED - October 2014 - 71
JED - October 2014 - 72
JED - October 2014 - 73
JED - October 2014 - 74
JED - October 2014 - 75
JED - October 2014 - 76
JED - October 2014 - 77
JED - October 2014 - New Products
JED - October 2014 - 79
JED - October 2014 - Book Reviews
JED - October 2014 - 81
JED - October 2014 - EW 101
JED - October 2014 - 83
JED - October 2014 - 84
JED - October 2014 - 85
JED - October 2014 - AOC 2014 Award Winners
JED - October 2014 - 87
JED - October 2014 - 88
JED - October 2014 - 89
JED - October 2014 - 90
JED - October 2014 - 91
JED - October 2014 - 92
JED - October 2014 - 93
JED - October 2014 - AOC News
JED - October 2014 - 95
JED - October 2014 - Index of Advertisers
JED - October 2014 - 97
JED - October 2014 - JED Quick Look
JED - October 2014 - cover3
JED - October 2014 - cover4
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