JED - October 2014 - 42

We consider the ratio µ/p to be an
EMW measure of effectiveness. If this
quantity is less than 1, it means that
attacks are taking place in the EMOE
which are going unanswered. This in
turn leads to degradation or total loss
of EMOE operational capability. A mu
over rho ratio equal to 1, provided that
accurate sensing, processing and analysis occurs, means that enemy actions
within the EMOE are being answered
with effective defensive maneuvers.
Perhaps surprisingly, a µ/p ratio great-

The Journal of Electronic Defense | October 2014

42

er than 1 isn't necessarily desirable. In
the case of preemptive maneuver systems, such as FHSS communications,
the elevated level or maneuver is part
of the system's operating parameters
and therefore does not adversely affect
performance. However in other circumstances, an excess level of maneuver
can lead to configuration-associated
time delays, which in turn result in
degraded performance. In the extreme
case, a large µ/p number can be indicative of a situation known as thrashing

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[4]. In this case, the system is in a constant state of reconfiguration and the
usable time within the EMOE along with
the information throughput decreases
to zero.
Of course, the outcome of an EMW
engagement doesn't merely depend
upon the equipment capabilities and
tempos of both belligerents' OODAloops. What we observe (sense) depends
upon enemy action (transmission).
How we orient (analyze) takes into
account their previous observation
(sensing). What we decide (configure)
must consider the enemy's previous
orientation. How we act (transmit)
will depend upon the enemy's previous
decision (configuration).
In other words, each individual
phase of our OODA-loop is interconnected with each corresponding phase
of the enemy's "AOOD loop" and vice
versa. Electromagnetic maneuver warfare is therefore as much a contest between OODA-loops as it is a fight over
the spectrum. Continuous analysis of
each move and corresponding countermove is therefore paramount. Given
the time constraints that we face in
the EMOE, this analysis must take
place autonomously.
Artificial intelligence (AI) is consequently a critical component of EMW.
Looking forward, it seems likely that
society will initially be less opposed
to placing non-kinetic rather than
kinetic weapons under intelligent machine control. Although a great deal of
AI research is currently taking place
in support of unmanned combat aerial
systems (UCAS), such as the Northrup
Grumman X-47B demonstrator, it is
highly likely that the first actual AI
versus AI warfare engagement will occur, not in the skies, but rather within
the EMOE.

THE PROMISE OF ELECTROMAGNETIC
MANEUVER WARFARE
Maneuver warfare doctrine lends
itself well to being extended into the
EMOE. Recently, the US Navy has begun to recognize that the EMOE is an
increasingly congested and contested
battlespace. The emergence of EMW
represents the Navy's response to this
new reality. Information dominance


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JED - October 2014

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of JED - October 2014

The View From Here
Conferences Calendar
Courses Calendar
From the President
The Monitor
Washington Report
World Report
Maneuver Warfare in the Electromagnetic Battlespace
The Race to Keep Pace: Countermeasures Against Radar-Guided Anti-Ship Missiles
CONVERGING INTERESTS - Is CEMA the Right Solution for the US Army’s EMS Mission?
Technology Survey: Anti-Jam GPS Receivers and Antennas
New Products
Book Reviews
EW 101
AOC 2014 Award Winners
AOC News
Index of Advertisers
JED Quick Look
JED - October 2014 - cover1
JED - October 2014 - cover2
JED - October 2014 - 3
JED - October 2014 - 4
JED - October 2014 - 5
JED - October 2014 - The View From Here
JED - October 2014 - 7
JED - October 2014 - Conferences Calendar
JED - October 2014 - 9
JED - October 2014 - Courses Calendar
JED - October 2014 - 11
JED - October 2014 - From the President
JED - October 2014 - 13
JED - October 2014 - 14
JED - October 2014 - The Monitor
JED - October 2014 - 16
JED - October 2014 - 17
JED - October 2014 - 18
JED - October 2014 - 19
JED - October 2014 - 20
JED - October 2014 - 21
JED - October 2014 - 22
JED - October 2014 - 23
JED - October 2014 - 24
JED - October 2014 - 25
JED - October 2014 - Washington Report
JED - October 2014 - 27
JED - October 2014 - World Report
JED - October 2014 - 29
JED - October 2014 - Maneuver Warfare in the Electromagnetic Battlespace
JED - October 2014 - 31
JED - October 2014 - 32
JED - October 2014 - 33
JED - October 2014 - 34
JED - October 2014 - 35
JED - October 2014 - 36
JED - October 2014 - 37
JED - October 2014 - 38
JED - October 2014 - 39
JED - October 2014 - 40
JED - October 2014 - 41
JED - October 2014 - 42
JED - October 2014 - 43
JED - October 2014 - 44
JED - October 2014 - 45
JED - October 2014 - The Race to Keep Pace: Countermeasures Against Radar-Guided Anti-Ship Missiles
JED - October 2014 - 47
JED - October 2014 - 48
JED - October 2014 - 49
JED - October 2014 - 50
JED - October 2014 - 51
JED - October 2014 - 52
JED - October 2014 - 53
JED - October 2014 - 54
JED - October 2014 - 55
JED - October 2014 - 56
JED - October 2014 - 57
JED - October 2014 - 58
JED - October 2014 - 59
JED - October 2014 - 60
JED - October 2014 - 61
JED - October 2014 - 62
JED - October 2014 - 63
JED - October 2014 - 64
JED - October 2014 - CONVERGING INTERESTS - Is CEMA the Right Solution for the US Army’s EMS Mission?
JED - October 2014 - 66
JED - October 2014 - 68
JED - October 2014 - 67
JED - October 2014 - Technology Survey: Anti-Jam GPS Receivers and Antennas
JED - October 2014 - 70
JED - October 2014 - 71
JED - October 2014 - 72
JED - October 2014 - 73
JED - October 2014 - 74
JED - October 2014 - 75
JED - October 2014 - 76
JED - October 2014 - 77
JED - October 2014 - New Products
JED - October 2014 - 79
JED - October 2014 - Book Reviews
JED - October 2014 - 81
JED - October 2014 - EW 101
JED - October 2014 - 83
JED - October 2014 - 84
JED - October 2014 - 85
JED - October 2014 - AOC 2014 Award Winners
JED - October 2014 - 87
JED - October 2014 - 88
JED - October 2014 - 89
JED - October 2014 - 90
JED - October 2014 - 91
JED - October 2014 - 92
JED - October 2014 - 93
JED - October 2014 - AOC News
JED - October 2014 - 95
JED - October 2014 - Index of Advertisers
JED - October 2014 - 97
JED - October 2014 - JED Quick Look
JED - October 2014 - cover3
JED - October 2014 - cover4
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