JED - October 2014 - 65

Converging Interests

Is CEMA the Right Solution for
the US Army's EMS Mission?
By CPT Kyle Borne

CEMA. This publication identifies the
existing Electronic Warfare Personnel
(EWPs) as the key integrators of all of
these capabilities. The most pertinent
portion to this discussion regards how
the three pillars of CEMA (cyberspace
operations, EW and SMO) are presented
in equal light, supporting one of the
four primary staff tasks according to
Army Doctrine Publication (ADP) 6-0
Mission Command, which is to "Conduct CEMA." Despite official doctrine

and the experiences of the wars
in Iraq and Afghanistan, the US
Army (and the greater defense
community) has developed a
fascination regarding cyber. It
is very common in meetings for
people to refer to "cyber" when
they really mean CEMA. EW will
usually get an honorable mention in such meetings, whereas
SMO typically is completely disregarded. An example of such
disregard for doctrine is a
recent information paper describing CEMA as consisting
of "Cyberspace Operations (CO)
and Electronic Warfare (EW)."
This passage misquotes Army
Doctrinal Reference Publication (ADRP) 3-0 by completely
cutting off SMO.
Along with cyber drawing attention
away from the EW and SMO aspects of
CEMA comes the loss in emphasis (read
as funding) for these two areas. Sure,
the President's FY2015 budget request
shows an increase in EW spending. This
money, however, is typically earmarked
for larger projects, such as the Navy's
NextGen jammer or improved survivability gear for air platforms. Very
little of this money is directed at the
Army's future EW suite, Multifunction
EW (MFEW).

Imagine being at work one day and having
everything shut off, the lights, your computer, your
phones - everything. You wouldn't know what was
going on in the world because you couldn't
connect to get information.

The Journal of Electronic Defense | October 2014

"I

think the greatest
threat that we have is
the cyber threat - to
our critical infrastructure, to our power
grid, to our banking system." This is a quote from ADM
William E. Gortney, then nominee for
joint commander of NORTHCOM, made to
the Senate Armed Services Committee
during a confirmation hearing in July.
Think about his statement: our critical infrastructure, our power grid and
our banking system. Imagine being at
work one day and having everything
shut off, the lights, your computer, your
phones - everything. You wouldn't know
what was going on in the world because
you couldn't connect to get information.
Imagine the chaos. Even if there were
no other underlying strategic or tactical reason for this, a large-scale multistate blackout would cause billions of
dollars in economic damage. This is why
the cyber threat is the most important
discussion in defense circles currently.
Certainly it merits such attention, but
at what cost? With such attentive focus
on "cyber," we run the risk of taking
our eye off other relevant disciplines
that are becoming attached to cyber:
electronic warfare (EW) and spectrum
management operations (SMO). For the
US Army, cyber, EW and SMO are being
fused into a single concept known as Cyber Electromagnetic Activities (CEMA).
An important question facing the Army
is: "Should we pursue a CEMA doctrine
or should its constituent parts remain
separate?"
In February, the Army published FM3-38, its doctrine regarding the fusion
of cyber, EW, and SMO into one entity,

65



JED - October 2014

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of JED - October 2014

The View From Here
Conferences Calendar
Courses Calendar
From the President
The Monitor
Washington Report
World Report
Maneuver Warfare in the Electromagnetic Battlespace
The Race to Keep Pace: Countermeasures Against Radar-Guided Anti-Ship Missiles
CONVERGING INTERESTS - Is CEMA the Right Solution for the US Army’s EMS Mission?
Technology Survey: Anti-Jam GPS Receivers and Antennas
New Products
Book Reviews
EW 101
AOC 2014 Award Winners
AOC News
Index of Advertisers
JED Quick Look
JED - October 2014 - cover1
JED - October 2014 - cover2
JED - October 2014 - 3
JED - October 2014 - 4
JED - October 2014 - 5
JED - October 2014 - The View From Here
JED - October 2014 - 7
JED - October 2014 - Conferences Calendar
JED - October 2014 - 9
JED - October 2014 - Courses Calendar
JED - October 2014 - 11
JED - October 2014 - From the President
JED - October 2014 - 13
JED - October 2014 - 14
JED - October 2014 - The Monitor
JED - October 2014 - 16
JED - October 2014 - 17
JED - October 2014 - 18
JED - October 2014 - 19
JED - October 2014 - 20
JED - October 2014 - 21
JED - October 2014 - 22
JED - October 2014 - 23
JED - October 2014 - 24
JED - October 2014 - 25
JED - October 2014 - Washington Report
JED - October 2014 - 27
JED - October 2014 - World Report
JED - October 2014 - 29
JED - October 2014 - Maneuver Warfare in the Electromagnetic Battlespace
JED - October 2014 - 31
JED - October 2014 - 32
JED - October 2014 - 33
JED - October 2014 - 34
JED - October 2014 - 35
JED - October 2014 - 36
JED - October 2014 - 37
JED - October 2014 - 38
JED - October 2014 - 39
JED - October 2014 - 40
JED - October 2014 - 41
JED - October 2014 - 42
JED - October 2014 - 43
JED - October 2014 - 44
JED - October 2014 - 45
JED - October 2014 - The Race to Keep Pace: Countermeasures Against Radar-Guided Anti-Ship Missiles
JED - October 2014 - 47
JED - October 2014 - 48
JED - October 2014 - 49
JED - October 2014 - 50
JED - October 2014 - 51
JED - October 2014 - 52
JED - October 2014 - 53
JED - October 2014 - 54
JED - October 2014 - 55
JED - October 2014 - 56
JED - October 2014 - 57
JED - October 2014 - 58
JED - October 2014 - 59
JED - October 2014 - 60
JED - October 2014 - 61
JED - October 2014 - 62
JED - October 2014 - 63
JED - October 2014 - 64
JED - October 2014 - CONVERGING INTERESTS - Is CEMA the Right Solution for the US Army’s EMS Mission?
JED - October 2014 - 66
JED - October 2014 - 68
JED - October 2014 - 67
JED - October 2014 - Technology Survey: Anti-Jam GPS Receivers and Antennas
JED - October 2014 - 70
JED - October 2014 - 71
JED - October 2014 - 72
JED - October 2014 - 73
JED - October 2014 - 74
JED - October 2014 - 75
JED - October 2014 - 76
JED - October 2014 - 77
JED - October 2014 - New Products
JED - October 2014 - 79
JED - October 2014 - Book Reviews
JED - October 2014 - 81
JED - October 2014 - EW 101
JED - October 2014 - 83
JED - October 2014 - 84
JED - October 2014 - 85
JED - October 2014 - AOC 2014 Award Winners
JED - October 2014 - 87
JED - October 2014 - 88
JED - October 2014 - 89
JED - October 2014 - 90
JED - October 2014 - 91
JED - October 2014 - 92
JED - October 2014 - 93
JED - October 2014 - AOC News
JED - October 2014 - 95
JED - October 2014 - Index of Advertisers
JED - October 2014 - 97
JED - October 2014 - JED Quick Look
JED - October 2014 - cover3
JED - October 2014 - cover4
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