JED - October 2014 - 66

The Journal of Electronic Defense | October 2014

66

Surely there is some logic in combining cyber, EW and SMO into one new
cohesive element. Chief among them is
the financial benefit CEMA provides. By
relying on its existing corps of EW operators (EWOs), the Army can draw on an
established foundation of spectrum expertise, and it won't have to grow those
billets in the near term. However, by
utilizing EWOs as the integrators of CO,
we are also taking a group of people that
may have little to no understanding of
cyberspace and making them the masters of CEMA integration. There is some
overlap with how EW and CEMA perform
targeting, but it's also similar to how
artillery does targeting, and that discipline isn't being grouped with CEMA.
FM 3-13 shows CEMA as interrelated to
Inform and Influence Activities (IIA).
Does that mean cyber should absorb IIA,
as well? Additionally many functions of
Defensive Cyber Operations (DCO) fall
under the purview of the S6, but the signal corps wasn't wholly drawn into the
CEMA construct either.
EW can enable cyberspace operations, but it's a relationship more on the
order of cousins three-times removed
than siblings or even a step-sibling. A
majority of EW operations occur at the
"tactical" level, this being division and
below. When we discuss "tactical cyber," the struggles lie with authorities
to execute the mission. The authori-

677599_ARSProducts.indd 1

With such attentive
focus on "cyber," we
run the risk of taking
our eye off other
relevant disciplines that
are becoming attached
to cyber: electronic
warfare (EW) and
spectrum management
operations (SMO).
ties and execution of CO occur at much
higher strategic levels. EW can enable
the execution of some offensive cyberspace operations, but it is one of the
myriad missions EW is capable of. Really
"tactical cyber" is EW; it's a viable arm
of the CEMA doctrine with established
authorities and capabilities. However,
is it "tactical cyber" or is it electronic
attack (EA)? The only time EW should
be co-opted as part of cyber is if an EA
mission is being used to target the control channel of a computer system via
the Electromagnetic Spectrum (EMS).
SMO provides the necessary administrative controls to orchestrate the
madness that is the EMS, but all SMO
provides to cyber is coordination of

spectrum. Believing that "because EW,
SMO and CO all share the EMS logic dictates that they should be grouped together" makes as much sense as saying
that because tanks have canons they
should be considered artillery. A deeper
understanding of their individual characteristics and their relationship with
one another is required.
There are very few professionals in
the military who would argue that cyberspace operations are not a reality
that must be dealt with accordingly.
Both the offensive and defensive aspects of this are necessary and require
the appropriate attention. This could be
accomplished any number of ways, but
the current methodology of throwing
everything EMS-related into the "CEMA
fire" needs to be re-examined in terms
of its operational benefits and costs.
There are too few benefits to be gained
from including EW and SMO into a cyber
landscape to outweigh the costs that are
already manifesting themselves. In light
of this information, the logical conclusion is to maintain proper focus on the
elements of CEMA individually instead
of collectively. Cyberspace operations
are important, but not so important as
to jeopardize the repeatedly hard lessons learned in the EMS. a
The views expressed in this article are
those of the author and do not reflect the
official policy or position of The Electronic
Warfare Support Element, The Combined
Arms Center, The Cyber Center of Excellence, Training and Doctrine Command,
the Department of the Army, US Cyber
Command, the Department of Defense, or
the US Government.
CPT Kyle Borne, USA is currently serving in the US Army's EW Support Element at Fort Leavenworth, KS, where he
is responsible for training development
integration. He has served as an Electronic Warfare Officer for the 1st Cavalry Division during its deployment to
Iraq, and as a Squadron S6 for the 1-4
CAV, a 560-soldier Reconnaissance, Surveillance, and Target Acquisition (RSTA)
Squadron. He has attended the Army
Electronic Warfare Operations Officer
Course and the USFAS FA 29 Electronic
Warfare officer course.

1/28/14 4:17 PM


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JED - October 2014

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of JED - October 2014

The View From Here
Conferences Calendar
Courses Calendar
From the President
The Monitor
Washington Report
World Report
Maneuver Warfare in the Electromagnetic Battlespace
The Race to Keep Pace: Countermeasures Against Radar-Guided Anti-Ship Missiles
CONVERGING INTERESTS - Is CEMA the Right Solution for the US Army’s EMS Mission?
Technology Survey: Anti-Jam GPS Receivers and Antennas
New Products
Book Reviews
EW 101
AOC 2014 Award Winners
AOC News
Index of Advertisers
JED Quick Look
JED - October 2014 - cover1
JED - October 2014 - cover2
JED - October 2014 - 3
JED - October 2014 - 4
JED - October 2014 - 5
JED - October 2014 - The View From Here
JED - October 2014 - 7
JED - October 2014 - Conferences Calendar
JED - October 2014 - 9
JED - October 2014 - Courses Calendar
JED - October 2014 - 11
JED - October 2014 - From the President
JED - October 2014 - 13
JED - October 2014 - 14
JED - October 2014 - The Monitor
JED - October 2014 - 16
JED - October 2014 - 17
JED - October 2014 - 18
JED - October 2014 - 19
JED - October 2014 - 20
JED - October 2014 - 21
JED - October 2014 - 22
JED - October 2014 - 23
JED - October 2014 - 24
JED - October 2014 - 25
JED - October 2014 - Washington Report
JED - October 2014 - 27
JED - October 2014 - World Report
JED - October 2014 - 29
JED - October 2014 - Maneuver Warfare in the Electromagnetic Battlespace
JED - October 2014 - 31
JED - October 2014 - 32
JED - October 2014 - 33
JED - October 2014 - 34
JED - October 2014 - 35
JED - October 2014 - 36
JED - October 2014 - 37
JED - October 2014 - 38
JED - October 2014 - 39
JED - October 2014 - 40
JED - October 2014 - 41
JED - October 2014 - 42
JED - October 2014 - 43
JED - October 2014 - 44
JED - October 2014 - 45
JED - October 2014 - The Race to Keep Pace: Countermeasures Against Radar-Guided Anti-Ship Missiles
JED - October 2014 - 47
JED - October 2014 - 48
JED - October 2014 - 49
JED - October 2014 - 50
JED - October 2014 - 51
JED - October 2014 - 52
JED - October 2014 - 53
JED - October 2014 - 54
JED - October 2014 - 55
JED - October 2014 - 56
JED - October 2014 - 57
JED - October 2014 - 58
JED - October 2014 - 59
JED - October 2014 - 60
JED - October 2014 - 61
JED - October 2014 - 62
JED - October 2014 - 63
JED - October 2014 - 64
JED - October 2014 - CONVERGING INTERESTS - Is CEMA the Right Solution for the US Army’s EMS Mission?
JED - October 2014 - 66
JED - October 2014 - 68
JED - October 2014 - 67
JED - October 2014 - Technology Survey: Anti-Jam GPS Receivers and Antennas
JED - October 2014 - 70
JED - October 2014 - 71
JED - October 2014 - 72
JED - October 2014 - 73
JED - October 2014 - 74
JED - October 2014 - 75
JED - October 2014 - 76
JED - October 2014 - 77
JED - October 2014 - New Products
JED - October 2014 - 79
JED - October 2014 - Book Reviews
JED - October 2014 - 81
JED - October 2014 - EW 101
JED - October 2014 - 83
JED - October 2014 - 84
JED - October 2014 - 85
JED - October 2014 - AOC 2014 Award Winners
JED - October 2014 - 87
JED - October 2014 - 88
JED - October 2014 - 89
JED - October 2014 - 90
JED - October 2014 - 91
JED - October 2014 - 92
JED - October 2014 - 93
JED - October 2014 - AOC News
JED - October 2014 - 95
JED - October 2014 - Index of Advertisers
JED - October 2014 - 97
JED - October 2014 - JED Quick Look
JED - October 2014 - cover3
JED - October 2014 - cover4
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