JED - October 2015 - 30

While these are some of the most
prominent counter-UAV systems on the
market, other company's are also working on the problem. Aviation International News reported during the Paris
Air Show in June that French aerospace
lab ONERA is leading Project Angelas, an
effort to explore technologies that will
help law enforcement and security forces
detect and defeat small UAVs. The study
is looking at a wide range of detection
technologies, including passive radar,
active radar and EO/IR sensors. Counter-

Chess Dynamics and Enterprise Control
Systems Ltd. AUDS uses Blighter's A400
Series Ku-Band radar to detect and track
targets at ranges up to 8km. Chess Dynamics provides EO/IR tracking capability via its Hawkeye Deployable System,
which features a color camera and a
thermal imager. The Hawkeye is mounted on a mast alongside an Enterprise
Control Systems multi-band RF jamming
system that uses up to three directional
antennas to disrupt the UAV's C2 links
and GPS navigation system.

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The Journal of Electronic Defense | October 2015

30

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measures addressed in the study include
tracking the UAV operator's location via
direction finding, jamming the UAV's C2
links and GPS navigation or hard-kill
solutions, including high energy lasers.
Thales is among the companies supporting the Project Angelas study.
European companies are not the only
ones offering counter-UAV solutions on
the market. In the US, the challenge is
not so much technical as legal. By law,
federal agencies and departments are
the only organizations allowed to operate jamming systems. State and local
law enforcement officials, as well as
companies and private citizens, generally are not allowed to jam any frequencies used by electronic devices. This
poses a tricky challenge when it comes
to countering mini-drones. However,
federal agencies, such as the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) and
the Federal Aviation Administration
(FAA), are able to operate UAV detection
and jamming systems.
In January, CellAntenna (Coral Gables, FL) announced its Drone Detection
and Defeat Technology (D3T), which is
aimed at mitigating "the threat of hobbyist and illegal commercial drone activity that has become a recent threat
to government operations and secure
facilities," according to a company announcement. The company does not offer many details about the system, other
than to say it can detect drones and defeat them via RF countermeasures.

8/29/13 2:51 AM

The expanding variety and rapid proliferation of mini-drones is expected to
continue for many years to come. The
Consumer Electronic Association (CEA)
estimates that 425,000 UAVs - most of
them being mini-drones - will be sold
on the global market in 2015 alone. That
number is sure to grow in the coming
years. Although they are commercial
items typically used by companies and
hobbyists, they can be easily repurposed as threats in any number of ways.
The challenge is to develop countermeasures systems that are affordable, safe
and easy to use. While the first generation of counter-UAV systems is reaching
the market, more solutions are sure to
follow in the coming years. a


http://www.tekmicro.com

JED - October 2015

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of JED - October 2015

The View From Here
Conferences Calendar
Courses Calendar
From the President
The Monitor
World Report
Going Small: Jamming the Mini-Drones
EW Simulation and Testing: Keeping Up With the Threat
Technology Survey: EW and SIGINT Antennas
EW 101
Index of Advertisers
JED Quick Look
JED - October 2015 - cover1
JED - October 2015 - cover2
JED - October 2015 - 3
JED - October 2015 - 4
JED - October 2015 - 5
JED - October 2015 - The View From Here
JED - October 2015 - 7
JED - October 2015 - Conferences Calendar
JED - October 2015 - 9
JED - October 2015 - Courses Calendar
JED - October 2015 - 11
JED - October 2015 - From the President
JED - October 2015 - 13
JED - October 2015 - 14
JED - October 2015 - The Monitor
JED - October 2015 - 16
JED - October 2015 - 17
JED - October 2015 - 18
JED - October 2015 - 19
JED - October 2015 - 20
JED - October 2015 - 21
JED - October 2015 - World Report
JED - October 2015 - 23
JED - October 2015 - 24
JED - October 2015 - 25
JED - October 2015 - Going Small: Jamming the Mini-Drones
JED - October 2015 - 27
JED - October 2015 - 28
JED - October 2015 - 29
JED - October 2015 - 30
JED - October 2015 - EW Simulation and Testing: Keeping Up With the Threat
JED - October 2015 - 32
JED - October 2015 - 33
JED - October 2015 - 34
JED - October 2015 - Technology Survey: EW and SIGINT Antennas
JED - October 2015 - 36
JED - October 2015 - 37
JED - October 2015 - 38
JED - October 2015 - 39
JED - October 2015 - 40
JED - October 2015 - 41
JED - October 2015 - 42
JED - October 2015 - 43
JED - October 2015 - EW 101
JED - October 2015 - 45
JED - October 2015 - 46
JED - October 2015 - 47
JED - October 2015 - 48
JED - October 2015 - Index of Advertisers
JED - October 2015 - JED Quick Look
JED - October 2015 - cover3
JED - October 2015 - cover4
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