JED - November 2016 - 15

t he

monitor
news

DARPA SEEKS PROPOSALS FOR UAS DETECTION

AIR FORCE PLANS SPECTRUM
WARFARE CHALLENGES
Emphasizing the "need for Science
and Technology (S&T) to enable effective military operations in anti-access/
area-denied (A2/AD), cyber, and contested environments, where advancements in sensing and countermeasures
technology are needed to defeat highend weaponry such as integrated air
defenses, long-range ballistic missiles,
cruise missiles, advanced fighters, and
weapons of mass destruction (WMD),"
the Air Force Research Laboratory Sensors Directorate, Spectrum Warfare Division (AFRL/RYW), has released a Broad
Agency Announcement (BAA) notice of

signal processing to keep costs low
and allow for rapid upgrade. "The total expected cost of a notional system
providing neighborhood coverage of a
20-km2 area with a single aerial platform and sensor payload should be less
than $10,000. This would lead to a networked system of nine nodes providing
city-wide coverage of a 180 km2 area at
a cost under $90,000." The design and
development of the aerial platform is
not part of the program, but proposers
are encouraged to base their designs on
existing platforms.
Three key system requirements are
identified: 1) signal-processing algorithms for non-line-of-sight (NLOS)
detection, tracking, and classification
of small UASs, 2) sensor sub-systems
using low size, weight, and power
(SWaP); and 3) a networked multiplatform system for autonomously
generating and disseminating a COP
to ground forces in the coverage area.
Proposers are required to provide a
preliminary system design, including
a functional block diagram of their
detection, classification, and tracking components, and are "strongly

contract action (NOCA) for two upcoming Spectrum Warfare Enduring Challenges (SWEC) efforts.
The Spectrum Warfare Division is pursuing challenges aimed at research and
development (R&D) in the areas of aircrew/aircraft protection and in defeating
integrated air defense systems (IADSs).
For aircrew/aircraft protection, the goal
is described as "enhancing threat understanding, the spectral coverage and
sensitivity of warning receivers, and the
effectiveness of countermeasures techniques to protect against a range of surface-to-air and air-to-air threats, with
a focus on the most advanced, lethal,
and emerging threats. Enable assured

encouraged" to consider combinations
of multiple sensor modalities, both active and passive, together with associated algorithms. Proposers are also
encouraged to provide an example
of how their system would perform
against a notional 20-UAS attack over
a city-wide area of 180 km2 during a
continuous 24-hour period.
The program is expected to entail
three 15-month-long phases conducted
over a four-year period. Target metrics
for phase 1 of the program include:
NLOS detection and classification at a
greater than 20 km2 coverage area, over
10 ft. in height, and less than 30 m/sec
speed; time-to-detect, classify and initiate track (once within range) of less
than 10 sec; probability-of-detection
(Pd) greater than 0.95; and payload
SWaP of less than 1 cubic ft., less than
15 lb, and less than 100 W.
Multiple awards are anticipated
for the program. Proposals are due by
November 12, 2016. The solicitation
number is DARPA-BAA-16-55. Program
officials can be reached via e-mail
at DARPA-BAA-16-55@darpa.mil. -
J. Haystead

operations of airborne missions in the
presence of agile and complex threat kill
chains, electromagnetic disruption of
mission systems such as Global Positioning System (GPS) and communications,
and on- and off-board cyber threats."
To defeat IADSs, the challenge will be
to "enable persistent airborne missions
with distributed, networked and adaptive electronic warfare capabilities to
deny, disrupt, degrade, and deceive integrated active and passive, airborne and
ground-based defensive capabilities, including directed energy threats."
The total funding for the SWEC program is estimated at $23.2 million.
Multiple Cost-Plus-Fixed-Fee (CPFF) con-

The Journal of Electronic Defense | November 2016

Noting that in future urban battlegrounds, US forces will be at risk
from small unmanned aerial systems
(UASs) not currently detectable using
conventional approaches, the Defense
Advanced Research Projects Agency's
(DARPA's) Strategic Technology Office (STO) has released a Broad Agency
Announcement (BAA) for the "Aerial
Dragnet" program aimed at providing persistent, wide-area surveillance
of small UASs in urban terrain on a
city-wide scale. The program is seeking proposals for a "scalable network of
sensors on aerial platforms to perform
threat-agnostic UAS detection, classification, and tracking by looking over
and into complex terrain."
The conceptual approach to Aerial
Dragnet calls for networked sensors
mounted on tethered and/or long-endurance UASs providing a continuallyupdated common operational picture
(COP) of the low-altitude airspace (below 1000 ft.).
The BAA states that solutions
should use Commercial off-the-shelf
(COTS) or previously-developed components together with software-defined

15



JED - November 2016

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of JED - November 2016

The View From Here
Conferences Calendar
Courses Calendar
From the President
The Monitor
World Report
US Helicopter EW Programs
53rd Annual AOC International Symposium and Convention Guide
Conference Report
Threat Monitor
EW 101
AOC News
Index of Advertisers
JED Quick Look
JED - November 2016 - cover1
JED - November 2016 - cover2
JED - November 2016 - 3
JED - November 2016 - 4
JED - November 2016 - 5
JED - November 2016 - The View From Here
JED - November 2016 - 7
JED - November 2016 - Conferences Calendar
JED - November 2016 - 9
JED - November 2016 - Courses Calendar
JED - November 2016 - 11
JED - November 2016 - From the President
JED - November 2016 - 13
JED - November 2016 - 14
JED - November 2016 - The Monitor
JED - November 2016 - insert1
JED - November 2016 - insert2
JED - November 2016 - 16
JED - November 2016 - 17
JED - November 2016 - 18
JED - November 2016 - 19
JED - November 2016 - 20
JED - November 2016 - 21
JED - November 2016 - 22
JED - November 2016 - 23
JED - November 2016 - World Report
JED - November 2016 - 25
JED - November 2016 - US Helicopter EW Programs
JED - November 2016 - 27
JED - November 2016 - 28
JED - November 2016 - 29
JED - November 2016 - 30
JED - November 2016 - 31
JED - November 2016 - 32
JED - November 2016 - 33
JED - November 2016 - 34
JED - November 2016 - 35
JED - November 2016 - 36
JED - November 2016 - 53rd Annual AOC International Symposium and Convention Guide
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JED - November 2016 - 39
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JED - November 2016 - 55
JED - November 2016 - 56
JED - November 2016 - Conference Report
JED - November 2016 - 58
JED - November 2016 - 59
JED - November 2016 - Threat Monitor
JED - November 2016 - 61
JED - November 2016 - 62
JED - November 2016 - EW 101
JED - November 2016 - 64
JED - November 2016 - 65
JED - November 2016 - AOC News
JED - November 2016 - 67
JED - November 2016 - 68
JED - November 2016 - Index of Advertisers
JED - November 2016 - JED Quick Look
JED - November 2016 - cover3
JED - November 2016 - cover4
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