JED - December 2015 - 15

t he

monitor
news

CSBA REPORT PUTS SPOTLIGHT ON LAGGING US EMS CAPABILITIES
- CALLS FOR FOCUS ON "LOW-TO-NO-POWER" COUNTERMEASURES
that its forces will be counter-detected by an enemy." The report uses the
term "low-to-no-power" EMS warfare
to describe the approach.

WINNING THE AIRWAVES
REGAINING AMERICA'S DOMINANCE
IN THE ELECTROMAGNETIC SPECTRUM

BRYAN CLARK
MARK GUNZINGER

Following from this, the report
recommends that the process should
begin with the "development of new
operational concepts that inform
DoD's EMS capability priorities, doctrine and tactics," and it describes a
specific set of 'illustrative concepts'
that would apply across the joint
force to provide for a wider range of
missions and scenarios in the low-tono-power EMS warfare regime. These
include: "the use of passive or multistatic detection capabilities to find
hostile forces while avoiding detection by their active and passive sensors; finding enemy forces by using
reflected ambient electromagnetic
energy that can come from enemy
communications systems, emitters of
opportunity such as television and
radio transmitters, or even the sun;
and taking advantage of enhanced
emissions control and low-power
countermeasures to avoid detection

while operating inside enemy A2/AD
zones; protecting US forces that must
operate in contested and denied areas;
and conducting strike operations enabled by low-to-no-power EMS warfare
capabilities."
The report also identifies key areas for investment in EMS warfare
systems, specifically systems that
are: "networked - able to communicate and coordinate operations with
neighboring EMS warfare systems using LPI/LPD data links; agile - able to
maneuver in power, frequency, space,
and time to remain undetected, target enemy networks, and avoid enemy
countermeasures; Multifunctional -
able to perform multiple EMS warfare
functions such as communications,
active and passive sensing, jamming, deception, or decoying; small
and affordable - can be procured and
deployed in large numbers on small
unmanned vehicles and systems or
large platforms to enable diverse EMS
warfare networks; and adaptive - able
to characterize the EMS, including
previously unknown emitters, and
respond to exploit opportunities or
counter enemy EMS operations."
The report warns that in order for
such a transition to occur, the DOD
"will first need to address major conceptual, organizational and programmatic impediments to progress that
derive from the lack of an institutional vision for how US forces should
fight in the EMS." These impediments
are detailed in the report, as well as a
list of initiatives that the DOD should
embrace to "help address these shortfalls and create a network of capabilities suited for the next phase of the
EMS warfare competition, rather than
wars of the past." - J. Haystead

The Journal of Electronic Defense | December 2015

A new report from The Center for
Strategic and Budgetary Assessments
(CSBA) titled, "Winning the Airwaves
- Regaining America's Dominance
in the Electromagnetic Spectrum,"
opens with what should be viewed as
an inescapable call-to-battle stations
for anyone involved in ensuring the
military readiness of US armed forces.
"'Failed to keep pace' is an appropriate
description of Department of Defense
(DOD) investments in EMS warfare capabilities over the last generation. In
the absence of a peer rival following
the end of the Cold War, DOD failed
to pursue a new generation of capabilities that are needed to maintain
its EMS operational superiority. This
pause provided China, Russia, and
other rivals with an opportunity to
field systems that target vulnerabilities in sensor and communication
networks the US military has come to
depend on. As a result, America's once
significant military advantage in the
EMS domain is eroding, and may in
fact no longer exist."
The good news, if there is any that
can be taken from this bleak assessment, is that "the US military (still)
has an opportunity to ... regain and
maintain an enduring advantage in
the EMS warfare competition." The
report, prepared by CSBA Senior Fellows Bryan Clark and Mark Gunzinger,
identifies two specific areas of focus
and future emphasis that the DOD
should immediately adopt to address
the vulnerability. "The DoD could
shift toward using low-power countermeasures to defeat enemy passive and
active sensors, as well as low probability of intercept/low probability of
detection (LPI/LPD) sensors and communications to reduce the likelihood

15



JED - December 2015

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of JED - December 2015

The View from Here
Conferences Calendar
Courses Calendar
From the President
Letters
The Monitor
Washington Report
World Report
2015 AOC Award Winners
SIGINT on the Border
Jamming Down Under
Commercial Airliners: Still Vulnerable to MANPADS
New Products
Threat Monitor
EW 101
Report from the 2015 AOC Pacific Conference
Report from the 2015 AOC CEMA Conference
AOC News
Index of Advertisers
JED Quick Look
JED - December 2015 - cover1
JED - December 2015 - cover2
JED - December 2015 - igc
JED - December 2015 - OGC
JED - December 2015 - 3
JED - December 2015 - 4
JED - December 2015 - 5
JED - December 2015 - The View from Here
JED - December 2015 - 7
JED - December 2015 - Conferences Calendar
JED - December 2015 - 9
JED - December 2015 - Courses Calendar
JED - December 2015 - 11
JED - December 2015 - From the President
JED - December 2015 - 13
JED - December 2015 - Letters
JED - December 2015 - The Monitor
JED - December 2015 - 16
JED - December 2015 - 17
JED - December 2015 - 18
JED - December 2015 - 19
JED - December 2015 - 20
JED - December 2015 - 21
JED - December 2015 - 22
JED - December 2015 - 23
JED - December 2015 - 24
JED - December 2015 - 25
JED - December 2015 - 26
JED - December 2015 - 27
JED - December 2015 - 28
JED - December 2015 - 29
JED - December 2015 - Washington Report
JED - December 2015 - 31
JED - December 2015 - World Report
JED - December 2015 - 33
JED - December 2015 - 2015 AOC Award Winners
JED - December 2015 - 35
JED - December 2015 - 36
JED - December 2015 - 37
JED - December 2015 - 38
JED - December 2015 - 39
JED - December 2015 - 40
JED - December 2015 - 41
JED - December 2015 - 42
JED - December 2015 - 43
JED - December 2015 - SIGINT on the Border
JED - December 2015 - 45
JED - December 2015 - 46
JED - December 2015 - 47
JED - December 2015 - 48
JED - December 2015 - 49
JED - December 2015 - 50
JED - December 2015 - 51
JED - December 2015 - 52
JED - December 2015 - 53
JED - December 2015 - 54
JED - December 2015 - 55
JED - December 2015 - 56
JED - December 2015 - 57
JED - December 2015 - Jamming Down Under
JED - December 2015 - 59
JED - December 2015 - 60
JED - December 2015 - 61
JED - December 2015 - 62
JED - December 2015 - 63
JED - December 2015 - 64
JED - December 2015 - 65
JED - December 2015 - 66
JED - December 2015 - 67
JED - December 2015 - Commercial Airliners: Still Vulnerable to MANPADS
JED - December 2015 - 69
JED - December 2015 - 70
JED - December 2015 - 71
JED - December 2015 - 72
JED - December 2015 - 73
JED - December 2015 - 74
JED - December 2015 - 75
JED - December 2015 - New Products
JED - December 2015 - 77
JED - December 2015 - Threat Monitor
JED - December 2015 - 79
JED - December 2015 - 80
JED - December 2015 - 81
JED - December 2015 - EW 101
JED - December 2015 - 83
JED - December 2015 - 84
JED - December 2015 - 85
JED - December 2015 - Report from the 2015 AOC Pacific Conference
JED - December 2015 - 87
JED - December 2015 - 88
JED - December 2015 - 89
JED - December 2015 - Report from the 2015 AOC CEMA Conference
JED - December 2015 - 91
JED - December 2015 - 92
JED - December 2015 - AOC News
JED - December 2015 - 94
JED - December 2015 - 95
JED - December 2015 - 96
JED - December 2015 - Index of Advertisers
JED - December 2015 - JED Quick Look
JED - December 2015 - cover3
JED - December 2015 - cover4
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