JED - December 2015 - 45

ds into Challenging
rket
DYNAMIC WORLDWIDE MARKET DRIVES
TECHNOLOGY REQUIREMENT
Danie du Toit, Managing Director of Saab Medav Technologies (Uttenreuth, Germany), sees the overall global border
security market being led by Europe, Africa, and the Middle
and Far East. Drivers include: cross-border streams of refugees,
terrorism, the potential for traditional conflicts in areas such
as the South China Sea, the Islamic State as it develops into
a global military threat beyond the dimensions of terrorism,
and smuggling. "Contrary to other trends in the SIGINT and EW
community, the border security market of today is not dominated by the specific needs and requirements originally, and
especially, identified in the US. The threat scenarios outside
the US are different and dynamically changing, with countries
in the rest of the world showing much more fragmentation,
and more and longer borders."
Peter Liivet, Military Consultant and Head of Military Training Hardware Monitoring, LS Telcom AG, (Lichtenau, Germany),
agrees that border security concerns are assuming a more and
more strategic position. "Border security concerns have always
been there but, purely because of what's happening in the
world at the moment, they've never been as monitored as much
as they are now. The US is slightly different, where there have
been border security issues for many years, but now we see the
market extending into many more nations, especially within
the EU and the Far East. Liivet says one reason is that "illegal border crossers are now using extreme routes, going over
mountains, through forests, over lakes, etc. In the case of drug
trafficking, even submarines are now being used. That is innovation in and of its self, so you need to now look beyond the
normal, small border areas, harbors, airports, crossing points,
etc. You need to expand to cover all of the borders to provide
a persistent surveillance picture to whatever border security
agency you've got, be it military or civilian."
From his perspective, Medav's Du Toit says "Only in exceptional cases, can border security be guaranteed by checkpoints,
patrols or fences." According to a study from the Geneva Centre
for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces (DCAF), 99 per cent
of the physical length of the external EU border is an area
"between the checkpoints." Globalization, higher levels of dynamic mobility and global networking are all driving increased
interest in using technical solutions for improved border security applications, and this includes increased interest in SIGINT technology with a focus on communications intelligence

The Journal of Electronic Defense | December 2015

degrees of coverage capable of detecting moving objects ranging from a man crawling on the ground, to vehicles and small
airborne object such as a parachutist, hang glider,
or UAV/drone. According to Mark Radford,
Blighter CEO, "The system can operate in all
types of terrain where traditional, mechanically scanned radars have struggled, and is capable of detecting a walking man out to about
10km depending on the terrain."
Radford says they are always looking at adding in other sensor technologies to their solutions
- "one of our offerings is an integrated radar and
camera system," but he hasn't yet seen a lot of demand for SIGINT capability. "Each application has
its own unique challenges, and we certainly keep an
eye on complementary technologies. In recent years,
SIGINT and being able to detect, intercept, and/or DF
the source of broadcasts has been of interest, but we
aren't seeing a demand to integrate the use of SIGINT
with our radars."
Radford observes that "one problem with the use
of SIGINT for border and perimeter security systems
is that whoever is trying to penetrate
those areas will generally be aware of
the use of detection technology and
will, therefore, probably go 'radiosilent' at that time." Still, he adds
that "it will be interesting to see,
if and where, SIGINT can provide
an alternative source of intelligence, perhaps before a breach, or
attempted breach of a border even
occurs. If, for whatever reason,
someone wants to cross a border, or
send something across, even a drone
or pilotless boat, there will be lots happening and
some intelligence gained through radio interception. So
certainly interception of radio or cellphone signals and DF
can potentially serve to pre-warn security services such that
when a crossing occurs, the right resources - radar, cameras
and people - are in the right place to intercept them when
they happen. I'm sure that in the coming years, we will see a
greater integration of these systems, but I sense that they're
slightly separate at the moment."

45



JED - December 2015

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of JED - December 2015

The View from Here
Conferences Calendar
Courses Calendar
From the President
Letters
The Monitor
Washington Report
World Report
2015 AOC Award Winners
SIGINT on the Border
Jamming Down Under
Commercial Airliners: Still Vulnerable to MANPADS
New Products
Threat Monitor
EW 101
Report from the 2015 AOC Pacific Conference
Report from the 2015 AOC CEMA Conference
AOC News
Index of Advertisers
JED Quick Look
JED - December 2015 - cover1
JED - December 2015 - cover2
JED - December 2015 - igc
JED - December 2015 - OGC
JED - December 2015 - 3
JED - December 2015 - 4
JED - December 2015 - 5
JED - December 2015 - The View from Here
JED - December 2015 - 7
JED - December 2015 - Conferences Calendar
JED - December 2015 - 9
JED - December 2015 - Courses Calendar
JED - December 2015 - 11
JED - December 2015 - From the President
JED - December 2015 - 13
JED - December 2015 - Letters
JED - December 2015 - The Monitor
JED - December 2015 - 16
JED - December 2015 - 17
JED - December 2015 - 18
JED - December 2015 - 19
JED - December 2015 - 20
JED - December 2015 - 21
JED - December 2015 - 22
JED - December 2015 - 23
JED - December 2015 - 24
JED - December 2015 - 25
JED - December 2015 - 26
JED - December 2015 - 27
JED - December 2015 - 28
JED - December 2015 - 29
JED - December 2015 - Washington Report
JED - December 2015 - 31
JED - December 2015 - World Report
JED - December 2015 - 33
JED - December 2015 - 2015 AOC Award Winners
JED - December 2015 - 35
JED - December 2015 - 36
JED - December 2015 - 37
JED - December 2015 - 38
JED - December 2015 - 39
JED - December 2015 - 40
JED - December 2015 - 41
JED - December 2015 - 42
JED - December 2015 - 43
JED - December 2015 - SIGINT on the Border
JED - December 2015 - 45
JED - December 2015 - 46
JED - December 2015 - 47
JED - December 2015 - 48
JED - December 2015 - 49
JED - December 2015 - 50
JED - December 2015 - 51
JED - December 2015 - 52
JED - December 2015 - 53
JED - December 2015 - 54
JED - December 2015 - 55
JED - December 2015 - 56
JED - December 2015 - 57
JED - December 2015 - Jamming Down Under
JED - December 2015 - 59
JED - December 2015 - 60
JED - December 2015 - 61
JED - December 2015 - 62
JED - December 2015 - 63
JED - December 2015 - 64
JED - December 2015 - 65
JED - December 2015 - 66
JED - December 2015 - 67
JED - December 2015 - Commercial Airliners: Still Vulnerable to MANPADS
JED - December 2015 - 69
JED - December 2015 - 70
JED - December 2015 - 71
JED - December 2015 - 72
JED - December 2015 - 73
JED - December 2015 - 74
JED - December 2015 - 75
JED - December 2015 - New Products
JED - December 2015 - 77
JED - December 2015 - Threat Monitor
JED - December 2015 - 79
JED - December 2015 - 80
JED - December 2015 - 81
JED - December 2015 - EW 101
JED - December 2015 - 83
JED - December 2015 - 84
JED - December 2015 - 85
JED - December 2015 - Report from the 2015 AOC Pacific Conference
JED - December 2015 - 87
JED - December 2015 - 88
JED - December 2015 - 89
JED - December 2015 - Report from the 2015 AOC CEMA Conference
JED - December 2015 - 91
JED - December 2015 - 92
JED - December 2015 - AOC News
JED - December 2015 - 94
JED - December 2015 - 95
JED - December 2015 - 96
JED - December 2015 - Index of Advertisers
JED - December 2015 - JED Quick Look
JED - December 2015 - cover3
JED - December 2015 - cover4
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