JED - December 2015 - 46

The Journal of Electronic Defense | December 2015

46

(COMINT). "There are emerging new and
an expanded use of improved communication and other types of system signals
that need to be detected and located.
Also, many illegal border operations are
prepared far away from the border where
the operation ultimately takes place.
This drives the need for the fusion of
information from different sensors over
a rather long observation time window."
Du Toit describes Saab Medav Technologies' approach to this "Smart SIGINT" as a combination of traditional
COMINT sensors (HF/VHF/UHF) for signal detection, identification, classification, localization and analysis; together
with mobile and portable COMINT sensors; sensor management systems capable of managing sensors from 3rd parties
(radar, optronics) and other sources
(OSINT, HUMINT, Internet communication); and fusion systems to produce
finished intelligence for both strategic
and close-to-real-time results.
Du Toit emphasizes that "Operational
control of a border must be predicated
on full situational awareness. It's the
starting point for any assessment, decision-making and command and control
operations. From an operational point of
view, system users expect a real-time,
'Google Earth'-like map representation
showing objects of interest, their location, movement and the option for a
drill-down into details and metadata."

Although, he says the production of
situational awareness and finished intelligence can be supported by different SIGINT-oriented technical solutions,
"COMINT (and/or integrated with ELINT)
is only part of the whole set of interesting technologies. It depends on the
application and the scenario, which
single source of information contributes
significantly to the required situational
awareness picture."
John Baylouny, VP and General Manager of DRS Technologies' Advanced ISR
business (Melbourne, FL), also sees the
bulk of opportunities in the border security business today to be in, or related
to, the Middle East, "mainly because of
the tensions related to ISIS and the Syrian refugee crisis," but he also doesn't
yet see a strong move to acquire SIGINT
technology for the purpose. "We expect
adversaries to have a full range of commercially available communications
gear," he explains, "and we see the advantages of being able to detect the use
of communications signals by people

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crossing borders, and to fuse DF/COMINT capabilities into border security.
But we've not seen many customers that
interested in doing that. There is some
interest in certain sectors, but others
not so much."
DRS provides a range of DF systems
covering HF to microwave frequencies
and including fixed and vehicle-borne
systems as well as its "Blackstone" manpack DF systems. In the border-security
realm, Baylouny says their customers
are primarily military or government organizations and their systems are usually built to a set of specifications from
a particular country. Baylouny believes
part of the reason for the slow adoption
of SIGINT technology for border security
is that, "as in the US, where you have
different forces and organizations involved and differences in authorization,
the same is true with foreign governments as well. Some forces are allowed
to use signals intercept or [COMINT]
information for their purposes, while
other forces are not."
Long term, Baylouny expects the interest level to increase. However, he believes it will take the form of the border
security organizations of respective nations serving as suppliers of information
to the intelligence communities. "The
intelligence community will be fusing
the SIGINT information with border
force contacts, but the data will probably not go the other way for a while.
My sense is that the intelligence community will be the consumers and not
the suppliers of data."
Heiko Ross, LS Telcom Sales and
Marketing Manager, agrees that until very recently most border security
technology was primarily based on optical surveillance systems, but he says
his company is now actually "seeing
more and more interest in the SIGINT/
COMINT side. Whether you look at the
refugee crisis, areas where there is political instability, or cases where terrorists intend to cross a border, they are
communicating with each other using
mobile phones and radios. So we see a
continued increase in, and demand for,
RF border security technology." Even
so, however, Ross acknowledges that
cost can very much temper a potential
user's interest in SIGINT, noting that

2015-08-31 8:06 AM


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JED - December 2015

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of JED - December 2015

The View from Here
Conferences Calendar
Courses Calendar
From the President
Letters
The Monitor
Washington Report
World Report
2015 AOC Award Winners
SIGINT on the Border
Jamming Down Under
Commercial Airliners: Still Vulnerable to MANPADS
New Products
Threat Monitor
EW 101
Report from the 2015 AOC Pacific Conference
Report from the 2015 AOC CEMA Conference
AOC News
Index of Advertisers
JED Quick Look
JED - December 2015 - cover1
JED - December 2015 - cover2
JED - December 2015 - igc
JED - December 2015 - OGC
JED - December 2015 - 3
JED - December 2015 - 4
JED - December 2015 - 5
JED - December 2015 - The View from Here
JED - December 2015 - 7
JED - December 2015 - Conferences Calendar
JED - December 2015 - 9
JED - December 2015 - Courses Calendar
JED - December 2015 - 11
JED - December 2015 - From the President
JED - December 2015 - 13
JED - December 2015 - Letters
JED - December 2015 - The Monitor
JED - December 2015 - 16
JED - December 2015 - 17
JED - December 2015 - 18
JED - December 2015 - 19
JED - December 2015 - 20
JED - December 2015 - 21
JED - December 2015 - 22
JED - December 2015 - 23
JED - December 2015 - 24
JED - December 2015 - 25
JED - December 2015 - 26
JED - December 2015 - 27
JED - December 2015 - 28
JED - December 2015 - 29
JED - December 2015 - Washington Report
JED - December 2015 - 31
JED - December 2015 - World Report
JED - December 2015 - 33
JED - December 2015 - 2015 AOC Award Winners
JED - December 2015 - 35
JED - December 2015 - 36
JED - December 2015 - 37
JED - December 2015 - 38
JED - December 2015 - 39
JED - December 2015 - 40
JED - December 2015 - 41
JED - December 2015 - 42
JED - December 2015 - 43
JED - December 2015 - SIGINT on the Border
JED - December 2015 - 45
JED - December 2015 - 46
JED - December 2015 - 47
JED - December 2015 - 48
JED - December 2015 - 49
JED - December 2015 - 50
JED - December 2015 - 51
JED - December 2015 - 52
JED - December 2015 - 53
JED - December 2015 - 54
JED - December 2015 - 55
JED - December 2015 - 56
JED - December 2015 - 57
JED - December 2015 - Jamming Down Under
JED - December 2015 - 59
JED - December 2015 - 60
JED - December 2015 - 61
JED - December 2015 - 62
JED - December 2015 - 63
JED - December 2015 - 64
JED - December 2015 - 65
JED - December 2015 - 66
JED - December 2015 - 67
JED - December 2015 - Commercial Airliners: Still Vulnerable to MANPADS
JED - December 2015 - 69
JED - December 2015 - 70
JED - December 2015 - 71
JED - December 2015 - 72
JED - December 2015 - 73
JED - December 2015 - 74
JED - December 2015 - 75
JED - December 2015 - New Products
JED - December 2015 - 77
JED - December 2015 - Threat Monitor
JED - December 2015 - 79
JED - December 2015 - 80
JED - December 2015 - 81
JED - December 2015 - EW 101
JED - December 2015 - 83
JED - December 2015 - 84
JED - December 2015 - 85
JED - December 2015 - Report from the 2015 AOC Pacific Conference
JED - December 2015 - 87
JED - December 2015 - 88
JED - December 2015 - 89
JED - December 2015 - Report from the 2015 AOC CEMA Conference
JED - December 2015 - 91
JED - December 2015 - 92
JED - December 2015 - AOC News
JED - December 2015 - 94
JED - December 2015 - 95
JED - December 2015 - 96
JED - December 2015 - Index of Advertisers
JED - December 2015 - JED Quick Look
JED - December 2015 - cover3
JED - December 2015 - cover4
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