JED - December 2016 - 84

As ATGMs have evolved, there are
now more sophisticated, fire- and-forget systems that include the US Javelin
and the Israeli Spike. These systems
are similar to advanced MANPADS in
that they have a sensor on the front
of the missile that provides an image
of the tank. They have the potential to
be jammed electronically but, like the
seekers on advanced MANPADS, they
are more difficult to defeat because of
their resistance to conventional jamming techniques.
In recent years, much attention has
been devoted to Active Protection Systems (APSs), like the Israeli Trophy and
the US Quick Kill, as a means to defeat
ATGMs. These systems are attractive because they are effective against guided,
as well as unguided, anti-tank weapons.
The Trophy system uses radar to cue a
kinetic countermeasure (a barrage of
metal pellets) that intercepts the incoming round.
Electronic warfare systems usually
have to earn their way onto a platform.
A tank is arguably one of the harder
platforms for which to make the case for

a jamming system as part of the countermeasure. Cost alone is prohibitive. To
defeat the wide range of ATGM threats,
from TOW-like ATGMs to fire-and -orget
Javelins and Spikes, the same functions
of warning, pointing, and sophisticated
jamming that characterize MANPADS
countermeasures are ultimately required for ATGM countermeasures, as
well. But, the cost of MANPADS countermeasure systems that are currently
protecting airborne platforms are in the
neighborhood of 20-50% of the cost of
the tank, a poor value proposition for
a tank installation. It's easy to see why
an APS system might be more attractive
because it can defeat a wider class of
threats and uses a hard-kill response
that is likely to be less expensive than
a soft-kill response that must cover the
same range of ATGM threats. A downside to APS is the potential for casualties to friendly troops near the tank
caused by the burst of metal fragments
from the countermeasure.
The Russians appear to be keeping
up with electronic countermeasures for
their tanks. There is relatively recent

video footage showing rebels firing TOW
missiles at the Syrian Army's Russianmade tanks in Aleppo. Amid this and
other reports of tanks being engaged
by ATGMs in Syria, the Russian system,
the Shtora-1, is mentioned as an effective ATGM countermeasure system. The
Shtora-1 system is a more integrated
version of the US AN/VLQ-6 and AN/
VLQ-8 type systems mentioned above. It
has a laser-warning receiver to alert the
crew and cues both smoke grenades and
a beacon jammer similar to the one used
in the US systems.
With the recent developments in
Eastern Europe and the continued volatility in the Mideast, it will be interesting to see how the tank continues
to play a role in modern warfare. The
latest model tanks have better armor,
more maneuverability, and greater
situational awareness that make them
less susceptible to enemy fire. But,
with a lethal array of anti-tank weapons to contend with, it seems tanks and
other ground vehicles will continue to
need some form of electronic defense in
the future. a

The Journal of Electronic Defense | December 2016

84

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Radar Amplifiers

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2016-10-28 12:33
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JED - December 2016

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of JED - December 2016

The View From Here
Conferences Calendar
Courses Calendar
From the President
The Monitor
Washington Report
World Report
Interview: Col Jeffrey N. Aldridge, USAF
Interview: US Rep. Joe Pitts
The Future of Airborne Electronic Attack
Regaining the Advantage – Cognitive Electronic Warfare
Technology Survey: Flightline and Portable EW Simulators
AOC EW Singapore Preview
New Products
Report from the 2016 EW GCC Conference
Crows in the Community
The Heat is On
EW 101
Report from the 2016 AOC CEMA Conference
2016 AOC Award Winners
AOC News
Index of Advertisers
JED Quick Look
JED - December 2016 - cover1
JED - December 2016 - cover2
JED - December 2016 - 3
JED - December 2016 - 4
JED - December 2016 - 5
JED - December 2016 - The View From Here
JED - December 2016 - 7
JED - December 2016 - Conferences Calendar
JED - December 2016 - 9
JED - December 2016 - Courses Calendar
JED - December 2016 - 11
JED - December 2016 - From the President
JED - December 2016 - 13
JED - December 2016 - 14
JED - December 2016 - The Monitor
JED - December 2016 - insert1
JED - December 2016 - insert2
JED - December 2016 - 16
JED - December 2016 - 17
JED - December 2016 - 18
JED - December 2016 - 19
JED - December 2016 - 20
JED - December 2016 - 21
JED - December 2016 - 22
JED - December 2016 - 23
JED - December 2016 - 24
JED - December 2016 - 25
JED - December 2016 - Washington Report
JED - December 2016 - 27
JED - December 2016 - World Report
JED - December 2016 - 29
JED - December 2016 - Interview: Col Jeffrey N. Aldridge, USAF
JED - December 2016 - 31
JED - December 2016 - 32
JED - December 2016 - 33
JED - December 2016 - Interview: US Rep. Joe Pitts
JED - December 2016 - 35
JED - December 2016 - 36
JED - December 2016 - 37
JED - December 2016 - The Future of Airborne Electronic Attack
JED - December 2016 - 39
JED - December 2016 - 40
JED - December 2016 - 41
JED - December 2016 - 42
JED - December 2016 - 43
JED - December 2016 - 44
JED - December 2016 - 45
JED - December 2016 - 46
JED - December 2016 - 47
JED - December 2016 - 48
JED - December 2016 - 49
JED - December 2016 - 50
JED - December 2016 - 51
JED - December 2016 - 52
JED - December 2016 - 53
JED - December 2016 - 54
JED - December 2016 - 55
JED - December 2016 - Regaining the Advantage – Cognitive Electronic Warfare
JED - December 2016 - 57
JED - December 2016 - 58
JED - December 2016 - 59
JED - December 2016 - 60
JED - December 2016 - 61
JED - December 2016 - 62
JED - December 2016 - Technology Survey: Flightline and Portable EW Simulators
JED - December 2016 - 64
JED - December 2016 - 65
JED - December 2016 - 66
JED - December 2016 - 67
JED - December 2016 - 68
JED - December 2016 - 69
JED - December 2016 - 70
JED - December 2016 - AOC EW Singapore Preview
JED - December 2016 - 72
JED - December 2016 - 73
JED - December 2016 - New Products
JED - December 2016 - 75
JED - December 2016 - Report from the 2016 EW GCC Conference
JED - December 2016 - 77
JED - December 2016 - Crows in the Community
JED - December 2016 - 79
JED - December 2016 - The Heat is On
JED - December 2016 - 81
JED - December 2016 - 82
JED - December 2016 - 83
JED - December 2016 - 84
JED - December 2016 - 85
JED - December 2016 - EW 101
JED - December 2016 - 87
JED - December 2016 - 88
JED - December 2016 - 89
JED - December 2016 - Report from the 2016 AOC CEMA Conference
JED - December 2016 - 91
JED - December 2016 - 92
JED - December 2016 - 2016 AOC Award Winners
JED - December 2016 - 94
JED - December 2016 - 95
JED - December 2016 - 96
JED - December 2016 - 97
JED - December 2016 - 98
JED - December 2016 - 99
JED - December 2016 - AOC News
JED - December 2016 - 101
JED - December 2016 - 102
JED - December 2016 - 103
JED - December 2016 - 104
JED - December 2016 - Index of Advertisers
JED - December 2016 - JED Quick Look
JED - December 2016 - cover3
JED - December 2016 - cover4
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