Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2015 - (Page 44)

ITCPs Staying safe inside the work zone By Howard Marks, Ph.D., J.D., MPH R oad construction projects and their work zones can be dangerous places. The most visibly imminent danger is from live traffic - the motoring public - striking a work zone barrier, which is often rubber cones or barrels, and then striking a construction worker. A number of federal and state requirements have been developed that help reduce that risk. Equally dangerous, although not necessarily as visible, is the potential for workers to be struck by construction vehicles and equipment inside the work zone. Due to the number of fatalities that occur each year within the work zone, OSHA has stepped-up its review of how employers and employees are ensuring a safe work area, inside the barrels. Chris May, Environmental, Health & Safety Director for Oldcastle Materials, says "It is our job to provide our employees with a safe work place, and implementing an effective internal traffic control plan (ITCP) is one of the first steps in providing a more protected area within the worker's side of the barrel." CreatIng the ItCp Every contract is unique and requires a fresh look at what should be included in the ITCP to ensure worker safety is addressed specifically for each jobsite. In 2005, the Roadway Safety Alliance, of which NAPA is a partner, developed a guidance document on implementing an ITCP.1 According to the Alliance's guidance, an ITCP should provide a basic layout of the work area and include details that: * Isolate workers from equipment * Reduce the need to back up * Limit vehicle access points to work zones * Coordinate truck and equipment movements * Provide signs within the work zone to give guidance to pedestrian workers, equipment, and trucks * Design buffer spaces to separate pedestrian workers from errant vehicles and work zone equipment * Inform all on-site personnel and workers of ITCP provisions "An effective ITCP works to separate - to the extent possible - construction vehicles and equipment from workers on foot. Reducing mobile equipment backing up is one of the most important elements of the ITCP because of both the size differential between mobile equipment and workers on foot as well as the potential extensive blind spots behind backing mobile equipment," says May. "An effective plan enables communication among all work zone parties in advance of their arrival to the construction site, making sure all parties know the location of access points, and the proper path for trucks and equipment movement." The ITCP is developed by one or more members of the contractor's staff and should be part of the project's safety plan. The safety officer, or a similar competent or knowledgeable person, should be 44 * View past issues online at Figure 1: An ITCP diagram for paving operations1 in charge of developing the ITCP. Foremen and supervisors are also crucial for implementing the plan. All should understand the principles of safe construction traffic control, and these individuals should be in charge of the daily set up and monitoring of the ITCP. Site-specific ITCPs should be developed for different phases of the project as the site conditions change. Remember, ITCPs are not fixed but living plans, reflecting current conditions and subject to change as conditions warrant. ItCp DIagraMS A model plan for a paving operation shows traffic separated from the workspace by a temporary barrier.2 continued on page 47

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2015

President’s Perspective
Industry News
Winning the Race Track Challenge
Investigating the Keys to Japanese RAP Success
A Fresh Perspective on Safety
Traffic Management and the Work Zone
2016 Annual Meeting Preview
Calendar of Events
Index of Advertisers/

Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2015