Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 33

F

ront-line workers perform
most of the actual
"constructing" in the
construction industry.
They carry out plans
that were designed by others via
directives received from their
forepersons and management.
Front-line workers are the people
who work "on the edge," facing
the daily work hazards and relying
on their instincts, training, and
experience to keep themselves safe.
This unique understanding of the
reality of addressing safety risks

is only by the front-line workers
themselves. Not engaging workers
actively in the safety program is
a missed opportunity to identify
risks and implement controls that
may not be possible at later stages
of construction.
No one wants to get hurt on the
job, but construction workers are
often conditioned to accept the
risks associated with their work and
to focus on getting the job done,
although they have a personal
concern about their safety within
the job. Workers who have never
been asked about their perspective
on workplace hazards or risks, or
included in planning for safety,
may at first be hesitant to give input
on safety matters. There are many
unstated norms that front-line
workers have absorbed from years of
experience and tradition. They are
often blamed for incidents on the
jobsite by being "careless."
Therefore, asking workers to
actively engage in identifying
workplace hazards, problemsolving, and recommendations
for alternative work methods will
signify a distinct change in the
unspoken rules. However, the
benefit to including front-line
worker experience when planning
work methods and safety measures
is worth the investment in changing
these norms.
It is vital to gradually introduce a
change from a management-driven
"top-down" company to a more
cooperative approach that truly
values the workers' perspective and
follows through with processes
suggested by the workers. This
guide will help companies both to
initiate this change process and to
use their most valuable resource,
their workers, to improve site safety
and performance.
Employers have legal
responsibility for ensuring worker
safety, but workers are usually
the first to find or know about a
hazardous condition or situation.

On the front lines they can be
the eyes and ears of the safety
program. If they are actively
engaged in the safety process,
hazards can, and will, be identified
and corrected before someone
gets hurt. The ideal is that every
worker becomes a safety leader
- not simply leaving it up to the
safety manager or supervisor. All
workers need to know what hazards
to look for, to feel comfortable
reporting them, and to be
encouraged to do so without worry
or fear of retaliation, punishment,
termination, or blacklisting.
Safety directors should not
be held responsible for safety
performance results; rather, they
should be responsible for facilitating
safety knowledge and understanding
throughout the organization and
be a conduit to communicate
safety-related information during
the construction process. They
should be responsible for enabling
all staff members to understand
how to "own" safety (their personal
safety, as well as others'). It is only
when safety is understood to be
everyone's responsibility and owned
by everyone in the company that
ongoing performance improvement
can be truly attained.

How Can Workers Participate
Effectively in Jobsite Safety?
Workers can:
* Participate in safety orientation
sessions to learn how they can be
involved in safety on the jobsite
* Help present the site orientation
* Help present toolbox talks
* Help train other workers in hazard
recognition and their right to a
safe workplace
o Be trained as "safety liaisons"
or safety stewards who conduct
safety audits and know how to
have hazards corrected
* Participate in developing
and presenting job safety
analyses (JSAs)
continued on page 35

Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 * 33



Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017

President’s Perspective
Industry News
Back to Basics: The Next Steps
Training for Safety
OSHA’s Silica Rule
How to Improve Safety Climate
Beyond the Horizon
Industry Calendar
Index of Advertisers/Advertisers.com
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - Intro
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - cover1
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - cover2
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 3
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 4
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 5
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 6
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 7
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 8
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - President’s Perspective
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 10
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 11
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 12
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - Industry News
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 14
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 15
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 16
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - Back to Basics: The Next Steps
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 18
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 19
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - Training for Safety
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 21
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 22
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 23
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 24
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 25
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - OSHA’s Silica Rule
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 27
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 28
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 29
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 30
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 31
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - How to Improve Safety Climate
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 33
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 34
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 35
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 36
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 37
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 38
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 39
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 40
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 41
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 42
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 43
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 44
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 45
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 46
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 47
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 48
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 49
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 50
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 51
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - Beyond the Horizon
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 53
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - Industry Calendar
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 55
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 56
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - Index of Advertisers/Advertisers.com
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 58
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - cover3
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - cover4
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