Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 42

HEALTH & SAFETY SECTION
continued from page 39
employee punished for raising
a safety concern or reporting
an injury is the quickest way to
ensure others will remain silent.
Important lessons can be learned
from "high-reliability organizations"
and industries (e.g., airline and
nuclear power industries) that rely
on accurate and timely reporting
of unsafe conditions, early warning
signs, and incidents. A link to
fostering a "just reporting culture"
appears in Resources.
Employees also need to
see change as a result of their
speaking up; otherwise, they
will quickly become disengaged
and disillusioned. Common
explanations for not speaking
up include: "I took care of the
problem myself"; "I didn't think
anything would be done to fix the
problem"; and "I didn't think it was
important." All these statements
imply a perception that worker
participation is not valued, as well
as a lack of recognition that failure
to speak up potentially affects
everyone's safety.
Although all organizations
ultimately want an injury-free
workplace, it is important to reward
worker safety participation (e.g.,
reporting, participating in hazard
identification, completing a climate
survey) rather than just safety
outcomes (e.g., no injuries). While
"zero injuries" is a laudable goal, an
overly strong focus on meeting this
standard can lead to injury underreporting, whereas a focus on safety
activities and worker participation
can lead to fewer injuries.

Participate in joint safety and
health committees.
Some companies find that the best
way to engage workers in safety
program efforts is through a formal
safety committee. Some companies
have their own safety committees.
On large jobsites with many
subcontractors, safety committees
may include representatives of all

How to Improve Safety Climate Through Worker Participation

subcontractors and/or all trades.
Here are some tips for setting up
and running effective committees.

Tips for Safety Committees
* Membership should be voluntary.
* Have equal representation by
employees, management, and
union (if applicable).
* Keep the size manageable,
not exceeding eight to 10
committee members.
* Meet regularly, at least once a
week, with a set day and time.
* Use an agenda to guide meetings.
* Develop a written mission
statement.
* Clearly define the duties and
responsibilities of each committee
member and ensure that all of
them have the time during their
regular paid work schedule to
complete their duties.
* Allow time for each person to
bring up a discussion point
or make comments on issues
being discussed.
* Record and disseminate minutes
of each meeting, documenting
attendance, concerns, and issues
as well as actions proposed or
taken to address each issue.

42 * View past issues online at www.naylornetwork.com/nap-nxt

o Communicate the committee's
purpose, activities, and
accomplishments to the
general workforce.
o Measure the committee's
progress over time, and
periodically discuss what
aspects of the committee are
helpful and not helpful.
* Share success stories (no matter
how small) at meetings to keep
the tone positive and boost morale
on the committee and jobsite.
* Lead by example by modeling safe
behaviors and enthusiasm for the
safety program.

Activities or Tasks
for Committees
* Develop a formal mechanism
for employees to report
safety concerns.
* Document reported concerns.
* Describe what actions will be
taken to address concerns.
* Formulate an explanation in the
event that no action will or can be
taken on reported concerns.
* Develop a formal mechanism to
give positive feedback. (Positive
feedback and encouragement can
continued on page 47


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Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017

President’s Perspective
Industry News
Back to Basics: The Next Steps
Training for Safety
OSHA’s Silica Rule
How to Improve Safety Climate
Beyond the Horizon
Industry Calendar
Index of Advertisers/Advertisers.com
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - Intro
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - cover1
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - cover2
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 3
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 4
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 5
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 6
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 7
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 8
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - President’s Perspective
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 10
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 11
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 12
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - Industry News
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 14
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 15
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 16
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - Back to Basics: The Next Steps
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 18
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 19
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - Training for Safety
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 21
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 22
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 23
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 24
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 25
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - OSHA’s Silica Rule
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 27
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 28
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 29
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 30
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 31
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - How to Improve Safety Climate
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 33
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 34
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 35
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 36
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 37
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 38
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 39
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 40
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 41
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 42
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 43
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 44
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 45
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 46
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 47
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 48
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 49
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 50
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 51
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - Beyond the Horizon
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 53
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - Industry Calendar
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 55
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 56
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - Index of Advertisers/Advertisers.com
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 58
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - cover3
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - cover4
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