Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 49

HEALTH & SAFETY SECTION

How to Improve Safety Climate Through Worker Participation

can impact job and site safety.
Every worker must be a safety
leader, because safety is optimized
only when every worker is involved
and empowered.

How to Encourage
Worker Participation?
Management has to trust employees
and acknowledge that everyone
wants a safe jobsite, not just a
productive one. Recognizing the
value of worker involvement,
management must give them the
knowledge, skills, and tools to
this end. It may be useful to start
small, such as having experienced
workers deliver the toolbox talks,
or developing a small project
team to solve a sticky safety
issue. Giving workers stop-work
authority is the ultimate sign
of trust (see section in the full
document on Right to Refuse).

Can Small Businesses
Encourage Worker Participation?
Most small businesses do not
have the resources to hire a safety
director or safety professional. The
person in charge of safety may be a
foreperson with little formal safety
training. Providing safety training
to both workers and forepersons
is the first step toward engaging
workers in a small business setting.
Workers should be informed of
their right to a safe workplace
and the expectation for them
to identify hazards they learned
about in training. Temporary
contract workers should be trained
as part of a jobsite orientation
before they begin work. A formal
safety orientation can be a key
intervention for small businesses.
The approach to gathering
information on worker perceptions
of safety and safety climate may
have to be adjusted in smaller
companies. Anonymity is harder
to guarantee in such environments
and it may be that more informal
discussions produce more accurate
assessments than formal surveys.

How Will We Know if
Worker Participation Has
Been Effective?
A key measure of worker
involvement is the degree of
participation. Do workers speak up
at toolbox trainings? Are workers
engaged at safety committee
meetings? Do workers identify
hazards and make sure they are
promptly corrected? Has work ever
been stopped by workers to correct
a safety problem? If workers feel
their participation is valued, they
will actively participate. Another
key indicator is whether workers
have a perception of the safety
program different from their
supervisors. Survey tools in this

guide can help understand these
perceptions. There are also links
to guidance on measuring other
leading indicators of program
effectiveness, rather than relying
on the traditional measures
(lagging indicators) of injuries and
lost workdays. AP

Reference
1 Schwatka, NV, Hecker, S and
Goldenhar LM, Defining and
Measuring Safety Climate: A Review of
the Construction Industry Literature,
Annals Occupational Hygiene, 2016,
V. 60 #5, 537-550, accessed at: http://
www.cpwr.com/sites/default/files/research/
Defining%20and%20Measuring%20
Safety%20Climate.pdf

Additional Resources
This article is an excerpt of "How
to Improve the Safety Climate
on Your Construction Site," a
guidance document sponsored by
the American Industrial Hygiene
Association® (AIHA) Construction
Committee and Management
Committee. The excerpt is printed
with permission by AIHA.
In addition to this first chapter, the full
document includes a resource section with links to materials
relevant to this excerpt, as well as the following sections:
* How to Improve Safety Climate on Your Jobsite Through the
Right to Refuse
* How to Improve Safety Climate Through Close-Call
Reporting and Analysis
* How to Improve Safety Climate Through Leadership
by Supervisors
* How to Improve Safety Climate Through Subcontractor
Prequalification and Oversight
* How to Improve Safety Climate by Integrating Safety as a
Value Into a Company
* How to Improve Safety Through Owner Involvement
* How to Improve Jobsite Safety by Measuring the
Safety Climate
To access the entire document, please visit
http://goaspha.lt/2f19r3T.

Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 * 49


https://www.cpwr.com/sites/default/files/research/Defining%20and%20Measuring%20Safety%20Climate_0.pdf http://www.goaspha.lt/2f19r3T

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017

President’s Perspective
Industry News
Back to Basics: The Next Steps
Training for Safety
OSHA’s Silica Rule
How to Improve Safety Climate
Beyond the Horizon
Industry Calendar
Index of Advertisers/Advertisers.com
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - Intro
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - cover1
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - cover2
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 3
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 4
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 5
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 6
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 7
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 8
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - President’s Perspective
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 10
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 11
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 12
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - Industry News
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 14
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 15
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 16
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - Back to Basics: The Next Steps
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 18
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 19
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - Training for Safety
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 21
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 22
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 23
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 24
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 25
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - OSHA’s Silica Rule
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 27
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 28
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 29
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 30
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 31
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - How to Improve Safety Climate
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 33
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 34
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 35
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 36
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 37
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 38
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 39
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 40
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 41
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 42
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 43
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 44
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 45
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 46
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 47
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 48
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 49
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 50
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 51
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - Beyond the Horizon
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 53
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - Industry Calendar
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 55
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 56
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - Index of Advertisers/Advertisers.com
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - 58
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - cover3
Asphalt Pavement Magazine - November/December 2017 - cover4
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