The Call - Winter 2017 - 14

* The Telephone Company should
develop a single police number for
each metropolitan area and eventually
for the entire United States for
reporting emergencies.
While the Commission was tasked with
focusing on crime in America, they set
the course for our country to embrace
public policy decisions that have been
adopted and modified throughout
five decades and created emergency
communications networks that have
lead the world in advanced lifesaving
technologies.

objective was to enable public safety
agencies to satisfy their operational
and communications needs more
efficiently
* Responsibility for establishing
9-1-1 service was to reside with
local government. "This is the level
of government closest and most
responsive to the beneficiaries of this
service, and at which the need for
most emergency services arises..."

1979: Suggested 9-1-1 Act
for Local Government

1968: American Telephone &
Telegraph Designated 9-1-1
Following the publication of The
Challenge of Crime in A Free Society, the
American Telephone and Telegraph Co.
(AT&T) in 1968 announced that its Bell
Telephone System companies would
adopt the three-digit number 9-1-1 as
the nationwide emergency telephone
number. Ben S. Gilmer, then President
of AT&T, said the system is "in response
to the expressed public need" for a
common, easy-to-remember number
for policy, fire, ambulance and other
emergency services. He said it will
be designed to get "fast assistance
in any emergency, regardless of
the conditions."2

1973: Executive Office of the
President Issues National
Policy Statement
On March 21, 1973, the Office of
Telecommunications Policy, Executive
Office of the President, issued a national

policy statement to federal agencies
supporting 9-1-1. In May, 1973, the
agency published the first form of
guidance for community planning for the
implementation of 9-1-1. Bulletin No. 73-1
addressed to the "Heads of Executive
Departments and Establishments"
directed the federal level agencies and
provided information and guidance
to be used in assisting state and local
governments in implementing 9-1-1
expeditiously.3 With regard to policies
and planning, the Bulletin set forth
many valuable points and included
recommendations such as:
* The primary purpose of implementing
9-1-1 was to enable citizens to obtain
law enforcement, medical, fire,
rescue and other emergency services
quickly and efficiently as possible by
calling the same telephone number
anywhere in the Nation. A secondary

BETWEEN 1966 AND 1976 FEDERAL AGENCIES
PROVIDED FUNDING THROUGH THE HIGHWAY
PROGRAMS; SAFE STREET ACT, AND THE EMERGENCY
MEDICAL SERVICES ACT, ALL OF WHICH ENCOURAGED
SATES AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS TO SUPPORT
THE DEPLOYMENT OF 911 SERVICE AS PART OF
THEIR TARGETED GRANT PROGRAMS. HOWEVER,
ITS IMPORTANT TO POINT OUT THAT DURING THE
SEVENTIES, SEVERAL BILLS AND RESOLUTIONS
AIMED AT IMPLEMENTING 9-1-1 WERE INTRODUCED
INTO CONGRESS - NONE WERE PASSED, WHICH
SERVED TO EMPHASIZE THAT THE MATTER WAS
CONSIDERED TO BE A STATE ACTION.
14

| THE CALL | ISSUE NO. 26

Between 1966 and 1976 federal
agencies provided funding through the
Highway Programs; Safe Street Act, and
the Emergency Medical Services Act,
all of which encouraged sates and local
governments to support the deployment
of 911 service as part of their targeted
grant programs. However, its important
to point out that during the seventies,
several bills and resolutions aimed at
implementing 9-1-1 were introduced
into Congress - none were passed, which
served to emphasize that the matter was
considered to be a state action.
By 1978, nine states had 9-1-1
legislation including California,
Louisiana, Illinois, Wisconsin, Minnesota,
Florida, Pennsylvania, Georgia and
Massachusetts. Recognizing that states
were beginning to make progress
on 9-1-1 legislation The National
Telecommunications and Information
Administration (NTIA) surveyed each
State for a better understanding and
analysis of both passed and failed
legislation or resolutions. By July 1979,
NTIA was able to publish their findings of
the policy research specific to 9-1-1 and
issued the Status of Legislation Concerning
9-1-1. The study also included suggested
draft legislation for State consideration,
known as The 911 Emergency
Telephone Act.
The 911 Emergency Telephone Act,
provided a public policy framework
for state and local government that
included:
* Definitions
* Establishment of 9-1-1 Service;



Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of The Call - Winter 2017

President’s Message
From the CEO
The Leaders of 9-1-1 and Its Inception
Government Affairs
50 Years: 9-1-1 Grounded in Public Policy
Operations
The History of 9-1-1
Education & Training
Tech Trends
Products and Services Guide
Index to Advertisers/Advertisers.com
The Call - Winter 2017 - Intro
The Call - Winter 2017 - cover1
The Call - Winter 2017 - cover2
The Call - Winter 2017 - 3
The Call - Winter 2017 - President’s Message
The Call - Winter 2017 - From the CEO
The Call - Winter 2017 - The Leaders of 9-1-1 and Its Inception
The Call - Winter 2017 - 7
The Call - Winter 2017 - 8
The Call - Winter 2017 - 9
The Call - Winter 2017 - 10
The Call - Winter 2017 - 11
The Call - Winter 2017 - Government Affairs
The Call - Winter 2017 - 50 Years: 9-1-1 Grounded in Public Policy
The Call - Winter 2017 - 14
The Call - Winter 2017 - 15
The Call - Winter 2017 - 16
The Call - Winter 2017 - Operations
The Call - Winter 2017 - 18
The Call - Winter 2017 - The History of 9-1-1
The Call - Winter 2017 - Education & Training
The Call - Winter 2017 - Tech Trends
The Call - Winter 2017 - Products and Services Guide
The Call - Winter 2017 - Index to Advertisers/Advertisers.com
The Call - Winter 2017 - cover4
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