Journal of The New England Water Works Association - Spring 2015 - (Page 18)

Thermal Expansion Causes False Fire Alarms  Generic schematic of a dry system fire valve The water pressure trapped below the clapper and above the DCVA (not shown) was monitored using the water pressure gauge tap and a data logger. Analysis: The fire sprinkler system is located in a room that heats up during the day and then cools off at night. The variation in temperature is due to other heat producing equipment located in and around the room. Temperature variations were estimated to be in excess of 10-20 degrees Fahrenheit. As the temperature in the room where the fire sprinkler equipment was installed cyclically heated up and cooled off, this created a situation where the water in the DCVA backflow valve thermally expanded and forced its way through the second check valve. Upon cooling, the water contracted and more water was drawn into the valve through the first check valve. This process repeated itself until the pressure built up between the second check and the clapper. In the pressure graph the pressure built up to about 165 PSI. When the pressure reached the cracking pressure of the fire valve, the water discharged through the clapper and triggered a false alarm. Conclusion: When water is subjected to increases in temperature in a rigid, closed container the 18 Journal NEWWA March 2015 pressure can increase to amazingly high values. A one degree centigrade increase will result in a 12 bar (176 PSI) pressure increase. Since the backflow valve and dry fire valve are not rigid containers the pressure increase is greatly reduced. But eventually the cracking pressure of the clapper is reached over a period of several days. If there is no way to mitigate the room temperature fluctuations, then various options are available to eliminate false alarms due to thermal expansion in systems like this. 1. Install a small high quality pressure relief valve set just above the normal operating pressure of the water system. 2. Install a pressure expansion device such as a captive air tank. 3. Install a retard chamber in the alarm circuit. In all cases the final solution should be reviewed by fire sprinkler professionals and the local Fire Department consulted in order to comply with all of the National Fire Prevention regulations and requirements.

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Journal of The New England Water Works Association - Spring 2015

Officers of the New England Water Works Association
NEWWA 2015 Meeting & Event Schedule
On the Cover
DAF Pilot Study for Algae and DBP Reduction
Impact of Epa Drinking Water Stage 2 Disinfectant and Disinfectant by-Product Rule
Thermal Expansion Causes False Fire Alarms
Preserving the Historical Beacon Hill Reservoir Granite Tablets
Water System Profile : Town of Kingston, Massachusetts
Proceedings: New England Water Works Association 2013-2014 Committee Reports
Obituary: Cheryl Lynn Maduskuie
In Memoriam: Richard G. Small
Reports From the Water Research Foundation
Guidelines for the Preparation of Papers for Publication in the Journal of the New England Water Works Association
Guidelines for the Peer Review Option of the Papers Appearing in the Journal of the New England Water Works Association
Entry Form: Newwa David M. Erickson Groundwater Award
Index to Advertisers

Journal of The New England Water Works Association - Spring 2015

Journal of The New England Water Works Association - Spring 2015 - (Page cover1)
Journal of The New England Water Works Association - Spring 2015 - (Page cover2)
Journal of The New England Water Works Association - Spring 2015 - (Page 1a)
Journal of The New England Water Works Association - Spring 2015 - (Page 2a)
Journal of The New England Water Works Association - Spring 2015 - Officers of the New England Water Works Association (Page 3a)
Journal of The New England Water Works Association - Spring 2015 - Officers of the New England Water Works Association (Page 4a)
Journal of The New England Water Works Association - Spring 2015 - Officers of the New England Water Works Association (Page 5a)
Journal of The New England Water Works Association - Spring 2015 - Officers of the New England Water Works Association (Page 6a)
Journal of The New England Water Works Association - Spring 2015 - NEWWA 2015 Meeting & Event Schedule (Page 7a)
Journal of The New England Water Works Association - Spring 2015 - NEWWA 2015 Meeting & Event Schedule (Page 8a)
Journal of The New England Water Works Association - Spring 2015 - On the Cover (Page 9a)
Journal of The New England Water Works Association - Spring 2015 - On the Cover (Page 10a)
Journal of The New England Water Works Association - Spring 2015 - On the Cover (Page 11a)
Journal of The New England Water Works Association - Spring 2015 - On the Cover (Page 12a)
Journal of The New England Water Works Association - Spring 2015 - On the Cover (Page 13a)
Journal of The New England Water Works Association - Spring 2015 - On the Cover (Page 14a)
Journal of The New England Water Works Association - Spring 2015 - On the Cover (Page 15a)
Journal of The New England Water Works Association - Spring 2015 - On the Cover (Page 16a)
Journal of The New England Water Works Association - Spring 2015 - Preserving the Historical Beacon Hill Reservoir Granite Tablets (Page 19)
Journal of The New England Water Works Association - Spring 2015 - Preserving the Historical Beacon Hill Reservoir Granite Tablets (Page 20)
Journal of The New England Water Works Association - Spring 2015 - Preserving the Historical Beacon Hill Reservoir Granite Tablets (Page 21)
Journal of The New England Water Works Association - Spring 2015 - Preserving the Historical Beacon Hill Reservoir Granite Tablets (Page 22)
Journal of The New England Water Works Association - Spring 2015 - DAF Pilot Study for Algae and DBP Reduction (Page 1)
Journal of The New England Water Works Association - Spring 2015 - DAF Pilot Study for Algae and DBP Reduction (Page 2)
Journal of The New England Water Works Association - Spring 2015 - DAF Pilot Study for Algae and DBP Reduction (Page 3)
Journal of The New England Water Works Association - Spring 2015 - DAF Pilot Study for Algae and DBP Reduction (Page 4)
Journal of The New England Water Works Association - Spring 2015 - DAF Pilot Study for Algae and DBP Reduction (Page 5)
Journal of The New England Water Works Association - Spring 2015 - DAF Pilot Study for Algae and DBP Reduction (Page 6)
Journal of The New England Water Works Association - Spring 2015 - DAF Pilot Study for Algae and DBP Reduction (Page 7)
Journal of The New England Water Works Association - Spring 2015 - DAF Pilot Study for Algae and DBP Reduction (Page 8)
Journal of The New England Water Works Association - Spring 2015 - DAF Pilot Study for Algae and DBP Reduction (Page 9)
Journal of The New England Water Works Association - Spring 2015 - DAF Pilot Study for Algae and DBP Reduction (Page 10)
Journal of The New England Water Works Association - Spring 2015 - DAF Pilot Study for Algae and DBP Reduction (Page 11)
Journal of The New England Water Works Association - Spring 2015 - Impact of Epa Drinking Water Stage 2 Disinfectant and Disinfectant by-Product Rule (Page 12)
Journal of The New England Water Works Association - Spring 2015 - Impact of Epa Drinking Water Stage 2 Disinfectant and Disinfectant by-Product Rule (Page 13)
Journal of The New England Water Works Association - Spring 2015 - Impact of Epa Drinking Water Stage 2 Disinfectant and Disinfectant by-Product Rule (Page 14)
Journal of The New England Water Works Association - Spring 2015 - Impact of Epa Drinking Water Stage 2 Disinfectant and Disinfectant by-Product Rule (Page 15)
Journal of The New England Water Works Association - Spring 2015 - Impact of Epa Drinking Water Stage 2 Disinfectant and Disinfectant by-Product Rule (Page 16)
Journal of The New England Water Works Association - Spring 2015 - Thermal Expansion Causes False Fire Alarms (Page 17)
Journal of The New England Water Works Association - Spring 2015 - Thermal Expansion Causes False Fire Alarms (Page 18)
Journal of The New England Water Works Association - Spring 2015 - Preserving the Historical Beacon Hill Reservoir Granite Tablets (Page 19)
Journal of The New England Water Works Association - Spring 2015 - Preserving the Historical Beacon Hill Reservoir Granite Tablets (Page 20)
Journal of The New England Water Works Association - Spring 2015 - Preserving the Historical Beacon Hill Reservoir Granite Tablets (Page 21)
Journal of The New England Water Works Association - Spring 2015 - Preserving the Historical Beacon Hill Reservoir Granite Tablets (Page 22)
Journal of The New England Water Works Association - Spring 2015 - Preserving the Historical Beacon Hill Reservoir Granite Tablets (Page 23)
Journal of The New England Water Works Association - Spring 2015 - Preserving the Historical Beacon Hill Reservoir Granite Tablets (Page 24)
Journal of The New England Water Works Association - Spring 2015 - Preserving the Historical Beacon Hill Reservoir Granite Tablets (Page 25)
Journal of The New England Water Works Association - Spring 2015 - Preserving the Historical Beacon Hill Reservoir Granite Tablets (Page 26)
Journal of The New England Water Works Association - Spring 2015 - Preserving the Historical Beacon Hill Reservoir Granite Tablets (Page 27)
Journal of The New England Water Works Association - Spring 2015 - Water System Profile : Town of Kingston, Massachusetts (Page 28)
Journal of The New England Water Works Association - Spring 2015 - Water System Profile : Town of Kingston, Massachusetts (Page 29)
Journal of The New England Water Works Association - Spring 2015 - Water System Profile : Town of Kingston, Massachusetts (Page 30)
Journal of The New England Water Works Association - Spring 2015 - Water System Profile : Town of Kingston, Massachusetts (Page 31)
Journal of The New England Water Works Association - Spring 2015 - Water System Profile : Town of Kingston, Massachusetts (Page 32)
Journal of The New England Water Works Association - Spring 2015 - Water System Profile : Town of Kingston, Massachusetts (Page 33)
Journal of The New England Water Works Association - Spring 2015 - Proceedings: New England Water Works Association 2013-2014 Committee Reports (Page 34)
Journal of The New England Water Works Association - Spring 2015 - Proceedings: New England Water Works Association 2013-2014 Committee Reports (Page 35)
Journal of The New England Water Works Association - Spring 2015 - Proceedings: New England Water Works Association 2013-2014 Committee Reports (Page 36)
Journal of The New England Water Works Association - Spring 2015 - Proceedings: New England Water Works Association 2013-2014 Committee Reports (Page 37)
Journal of The New England Water Works Association - Spring 2015 - Proceedings: New England Water Works Association 2013-2014 Committee Reports (Page 38)
Journal of The New England Water Works Association - Spring 2015 - Proceedings: New England Water Works Association 2013-2014 Committee Reports (Page 39)
Journal of The New England Water Works Association - Spring 2015 - Proceedings: New England Water Works Association 2013-2014 Committee Reports (Page 40)
Journal of The New England Water Works Association - Spring 2015 - Proceedings: New England Water Works Association 2013-2014 Committee Reports (Page 41)
Journal of The New England Water Works Association - Spring 2015 - Proceedings: New England Water Works Association 2013-2014 Committee Reports (Page 42)
Journal of The New England Water Works Association - Spring 2015 - Proceedings: New England Water Works Association 2013-2014 Committee Reports (Page 43)
Journal of The New England Water Works Association - Spring 2015 - Proceedings: New England Water Works Association 2013-2014 Committee Reports (Page 44)
Journal of The New England Water Works Association - Spring 2015 - Proceedings: New England Water Works Association 2013-2014 Committee Reports (Page 45)
Journal of The New England Water Works Association - Spring 2015 - Proceedings: New England Water Works Association 2013-2014 Committee Reports (Page 46)
Journal of The New England Water Works Association - Spring 2015 - Proceedings: New England Water Works Association 2013-2014 Committee Reports (Page 47)
Journal of The New England Water Works Association - Spring 2015 - Proceedings: New England Water Works Association 2013-2014 Committee Reports (Page 48)
Journal of The New England Water Works Association - Spring 2015 - Proceedings: New England Water Works Association 2013-2014 Committee Reports (Page 49)
Journal of The New England Water Works Association - Spring 2015 - Proceedings: New England Water Works Association 2013-2014 Committee Reports (Page 50)
Journal of The New England Water Works Association - Spring 2015 - Proceedings: New England Water Works Association 2013-2014 Committee Reports (Page 51)
Journal of The New England Water Works Association - Spring 2015 - Proceedings: New England Water Works Association 2013-2014 Committee Reports (Page 52)
Journal of The New England Water Works Association - Spring 2015 - Proceedings: New England Water Works Association 2013-2014 Committee Reports (Page 53)
Journal of The New England Water Works Association - Spring 2015 - Proceedings: New England Water Works Association 2013-2014 Committee Reports (Page 54)
Journal of The New England Water Works Association - Spring 2015 - Proceedings: New England Water Works Association 2013-2014 Committee Reports (Page 55)
Journal of The New England Water Works Association - Spring 2015 - Proceedings: New England Water Works Association 2013-2014 Committee Reports (Page 56)
Journal of The New England Water Works Association - Spring 2015 - Proceedings: New England Water Works Association 2013-2014 Committee Reports (Page 57)
Journal of The New England Water Works Association - Spring 2015 - Proceedings: New England Water Works Association 2013-2014 Committee Reports (Page 58)
Journal of The New England Water Works Association - Spring 2015 - Proceedings: New England Water Works Association 2013-2014 Committee Reports (Page 59)
Journal of The New England Water Works Association - Spring 2015 - Proceedings: New England Water Works Association 2013-2014 Committee Reports (Page 60)
Journal of The New England Water Works Association - Spring 2015 - Proceedings: New England Water Works Association 2013-2014 Committee Reports (Page 61)
Journal of The New England Water Works Association - Spring 2015 - Obituary: Cheryl Lynn Maduskuie (Page 62)
Journal of The New England Water Works Association - Spring 2015 - In Memoriam: Richard G. Small (Page 63)
Journal of The New England Water Works Association - Spring 2015 - Reports From the Water Research Foundation (Page 64)
Journal of The New England Water Works Association - Spring 2015 - Reports From the Water Research Foundation (Page 65)
Journal of The New England Water Works Association - Spring 2015 - Reports From the Water Research Foundation (Page 66)
Journal of The New England Water Works Association - Spring 2015 - Reports From the Water Research Foundation (Page 67)
Journal of The New England Water Works Association - Spring 2015 - Reports From the Water Research Foundation (Page 68)
Journal of The New England Water Works Association - Spring 2015 - Reports From the Water Research Foundation (Page 69)
Journal of The New England Water Works Association - Spring 2015 - Guidelines for the Preparation of Papers for Publication in the Journal of the New England Water Works Association (Page 70)
Journal of The New England Water Works Association - Spring 2015 - Guidelines for the Peer Review Option of the Papers Appearing in the Journal of the New England Water Works Association (Page 71)
Journal of The New England Water Works Association - Spring 2015 - Entry Form: Newwa David M. Erickson Groundwater Award (Page 72)
Journal of The New England Water Works Association - Spring 2015 - Index to Advertisers (Page 17a)
Journal of The New England Water Works Association - Spring 2015 - Index to Advertisers (Page 18a)
Journal of The New England Water Works Association - Spring 2015 - Index to Advertisers (Page 19a)
Journal of The New England Water Works Association - Spring 2015 - Index to Advertisers (Page 20a)
Journal of The New England Water Works Association - Spring 2015 - Index to Advertisers (Page 21a)
Journal of The New England Water Works Association - Spring 2015 - Index to Advertisers (Page 22a)
Journal of The New England Water Works Association - Spring 2015 - Index to Advertisers (Page 23a)
Journal of The New England Water Works Association - Spring 2015 - Index to Advertisers (Page 24a)
Journal of The New England Water Works Association - Spring 2015 - Index to Advertisers (Page cover3)
Journal of The New England Water Works Association - Spring 2015 - Index to Advertisers (Page cover4)
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