Journal of The New England Water Works Association - June 2015 - (Page 111)

WATER SYSTEM PROFILE Southington Water System Southington, Connecticut has been an industrial community for more than 125 years, and the need for fire protection for large wooden factory buildings drove the establishment of a water company in 1882. Four source alternatives were originally considered to supply the system: impoundment of a valley on the East Mountain, Roaring Brook on the West Mountain (this supply was later developed by the City of New Britain), a ground water supply well near the Quinnipiac River, and Humiston Brook on Wolcott Mountain. Water System Information System name Southington Water System Service area Population served Southington, CT, and a small section in the north end of Cheshire, CT 43,000 Sources Seven active groundwater wells, and three reservoirs Treatment processes Surface water treatment plant: conventional treatment with mixing, sedimentation, filtration and final chemical treatment Miles of pipe 196 Daily demand Number of employees 4 MGD 25 Average Yearly $318 (Approximately) Residential Water Bill History In 1883, Humiston Brook was selected as a water source and local engineer Theodore H. McKenzie was authorized to prepare plans and specifications for construction of a storage reservoir, distribution reservoir, and a distribution system. The project was constructed in 1883 and 1884 for $86,000. The storage reservoir has an earthen dam, 525 feet long and 30 feet high, and impounds 60 million gallons. The three million gallon distributing reservoir has a stone masonry wall 170 feet long at the top, and 20 feet tall above the base. The drainage area feeding the reservoirs is approximately 2.5 square miles. In 1884, 174 services were installed, and by the end of 1886 a total of 344 connections had been made. Soon there were demands for water service outside of the original distribution system and extensions of the mains were made on a continuing basis. As the system expanded and water use increased, it became apparent that steps soon must be taken to increase the supply. In order to provide additional storage the dam of the storage reservoir was raised one foot in 1884. A committee to select a site for an additional storage reservoir was appointed in 1892. There continued to be water problems in dry years but no definite action was taken until 1898. The dam impounding the third reservoir was completed in 1900, giving an additional storage capacity of 50 million gallons. In 1901, the Town of Southington decided to exercise its option to purchase the water company and a Special Act of the legislature was enacted, outlining how the plant would be operated under the control of a Board of Water Commissioners. It was voted that the Town take over the water works at a Town Meeting in April 1901, but the company refused to complete the sale. A legal battle ensued, and it was not until 1911 that the Town assumed ownership. Almost immediately upon acquisition of the water system, the Commissioners inaugurated a program of much needed enlargement and improvement of the infrastructure. Since 1911, the reservoirs have been enlarged to a combined capacity of 158 million gallons. Only 152 acres of land on the watershed immediately surrounding the reservoirs was originally acquired. The Commissioners saw the advantages of owning additional land on the watershed and various parcels were purchased as they became available. At present, the Southington Water Department Southington Water Department (SWD) owns over 1,400 acres in the towns of Southington and Journal NEWWA June 2015 111

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Journal of The New England Water Works Association - June 2015

Officers of the New England Water Works Association
NEWWA 2015-2017 Meeting & Event Schedule
On The Cover
Cyanobacteria in Reservoirs: Causes, Consequences, Controls
With a Little Help from our Friends: Collaborating to Protect a Water Supply
Salem's Folly Hill Reservoir: Inspecting and Rehabilitating a Century-Old Concrete Tank
Restrained Joint Ductile Iron Pipe Proven Reliable for Stressful Utility Installations
Water System Profile: Southington, Connecticut Water System
Urgent Need for Papers!!
Guidelines for the Preparation of Papers for Publication in the Journal of the New England Water Works Association
Guidelines for the Peer Review Option of the Papers Appearing in the Journal of the New England Water Works Association
Index to Advertisers

Journal of The New England Water Works Association - June 2015