O&MM Fabricator - September/October 2017 - 31

The sheet aluminum work was hot forged with aluminum alloy 6061-T6. The six leaves in the large
piece were made individually and welded together. The 5/8 x 2" bar was twisted while hot and
is of an unknown alloy. Scrap yard metal.

the metal work-hardens, often to the point of
stopping progress. What this means is that
heat from your forge or torch is used as much
for annealing as it is for forging, depending on
the shape you are creating and the state of the
metal's hardness.

logs or exposed beam construction. Or sometimes, a simple hand railing looks better when
constructed with thicker and larger elements.
5. Weight-While increasing metal size and
thickness, plus layering, staggering and
bundling, the total amount of aluminum
in your project will end up weighing much
less than a bare-bone version of the same
concept created with steel.
Aluminum Forging Overview
Annealed aluminum is soft and very malleable. However, when cold working aluminum,

How does a Person Forge Aluminum?
When heating aluminum, the metal does
not show color (become red). When heating aluminum, a pine stick becomes your
temperature gauge. A stirring stick from a
paint store works well. If you forge a high
volume of aluminum in a production process,
looking into a gas forge with a controllable
temperature might be a good idea. Aluminum
alloy 6061 melts at 1,220°F, and the forging
range is 750-950°F.
Hold the aluminum in your forge or torch,
heat and count to four. When counting, what
you are doing is measuring the amount of
time the metal is being heated. After you
count to four, for example, take the aluminum away from the heat source and wipe
the pine stir-stick across the surface. The
stick will drag a little as you pull it over the
metal. Resume heating and counting five, six,
seven, eight, remove the aluminum from the

heat source, and again, wipe the pine stick
across the surface.
When the metal is up to forging temperature, you will not feel any drag when pulling the
stick across the surface. Instead, the stick will
slide across the surface and leave a brown/
black trail on the metal. If you overheat the
metal, the black line will evaporate as rapidly
as it was applied. Once you get a feel for the
required heating time, instead of counting in
increments of four, for example, you can count
more closely to the destination number.
Experiment
Cut three strips of aluminum. Strip #1, set
aside. Strip #2, heat until the pine stick leaves a
line on the metal, and then set it aside. Strip #3,
overheat the metal and then set it aside. Next,
bend each cool sample in a vice until it breaks.
When bending, notice how pliable the two
pieces that were heated (annealed) are and
how they work-harden while being bent. Also,
notice which test piece breaks with the least
amount of bending and how the other two test
pieces compare. This experiment will give
you a good feel for heating and establishing
the working range of the metal, plus how it
reacts to forming.

September/October 2017 * O&MM Fabricator | 31



Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of O&MM Fabricator - September/October 2017

President’s Letter
Letter From the Executive Director
NOMMA Network
NOMMA Education Foundation
Apprenticeships: Getting Involved With Worker Training
The Collective Mind Gate Series–Part V
Shining Light: How to Work With Illuminated Handrails
Sole Proprietorship or Corporation?
Employment Lawsuits Happen
Supplier Members
New & Returning NOMMA Members & Iron Club Members
Gold Members
Landscape Architect to Blacksmith to Soon-to-Be Preacher
Index of Advertisers
O&MM Fabricator - September/October 2017 - Intro
O&MM Fabricator - September/October 2017 - cover1
O&MM Fabricator - September/October 2017 - cover2
O&MM Fabricator - September/October 2017 - 3
O&MM Fabricator - September/October 2017 - 4
O&MM Fabricator - September/October 2017 - 5
O&MM Fabricator - September/October 2017 - 6
O&MM Fabricator - September/October 2017 - 7
O&MM Fabricator - September/October 2017 - 8
O&MM Fabricator - September/October 2017 - President’s Letter
O&MM Fabricator - September/October 2017 - 10
O&MM Fabricator - September/October 2017 - Letter From the Executive Director
O&MM Fabricator - September/October 2017 - NOMMA Network
O&MM Fabricator - September/October 2017 - 13
O&MM Fabricator - September/October 2017 - NOMMA Education Foundation
O&MM Fabricator - September/October 2017 - 15
O&MM Fabricator - September/October 2017 - 16
O&MM Fabricator - September/October 2017 - 17
O&MM Fabricator - September/October 2017 - 18
O&MM Fabricator - September/October 2017 - 19
O&MM Fabricator - September/October 2017 - Apprenticeships: Getting Involved With Worker Training
O&MM Fabricator - September/October 2017 - 21
O&MM Fabricator - September/October 2017 - 22
O&MM Fabricator - September/October 2017 - 23
O&MM Fabricator - September/October 2017 - 24
O&MM Fabricator - September/October 2017 - 25
O&MM Fabricator - September/October 2017 - 26
O&MM Fabricator - September/October 2017 - 27
O&MM Fabricator - September/October 2017 - 28
O&MM Fabricator - September/October 2017 - 29
O&MM Fabricator - September/October 2017 - The Collective Mind Gate Series–Part V
O&MM Fabricator - September/October 2017 - 31
O&MM Fabricator - September/October 2017 - 32
O&MM Fabricator - September/October 2017 - 33
O&MM Fabricator - September/October 2017 - Shining Light: How to Work With Illuminated Handrails
O&MM Fabricator - September/October 2017 - 35
O&MM Fabricator - September/October 2017 - 36
O&MM Fabricator - September/October 2017 - 37
O&MM Fabricator - September/October 2017 - 38
O&MM Fabricator - September/October 2017 - 39
O&MM Fabricator - September/October 2017 - 40
O&MM Fabricator - September/October 2017 - Sole Proprietorship or Corporation?
O&MM Fabricator - September/October 2017 - 42
O&MM Fabricator - September/October 2017 - 43
O&MM Fabricator - September/October 2017 - Employment Lawsuits Happen
O&MM Fabricator - September/October 2017 - 45
O&MM Fabricator - September/October 2017 - 46
O&MM Fabricator - September/October 2017 - Supplier Members
O&MM Fabricator - September/October 2017 - 48
O&MM Fabricator - September/October 2017 - New & Returning NOMMA Members & Iron Club Members
O&MM Fabricator - September/October 2017 - 50
O&MM Fabricator - September/October 2017 - Gold Members
O&MM Fabricator - September/October 2017 - Landscape Architect to Blacksmith to Soon-to-Be Preacher
O&MM Fabricator - September/October 2017 - Index of Advertisers
O&MM Fabricator - September/October 2017 - 54
O&MM Fabricator - September/October 2017 - cover3
O&MM Fabricator - September/October 2017 - cover4
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/NOMS/NOMS0518
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/NOMS/NOMS0418
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/NOMS/NOMS0318
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/NOMS/NOMS0218
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/NOMS/NOMS0118
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/NOMS/NOMS0617
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/NOMS/NOMS0517
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/NOMS/NOMS0417
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/NOMS/NOMS0317
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/NOMS/NOMS0217
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/NOMS/NOMS0117
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/NOMS/NOMS0616
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/NOMS/NOMS0516
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/NOMS/NOMS0416
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/NOMS/NOMS0316
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/NOMS/NOMS0216
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/NOMS/NOMS0116
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/NOMS/NOMS0615
https://www.nxtbook.com/naylor/NOMS/NOMS0515
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