Concrete inFocus - Fall 2017 - 23

Table 5: Summary of Fuel Usage
Companies Average per
Reporting Company
(Percent)
Reporting

High

Low

Median

3.44

6.20

1.52

3.50

47
(57%)

2.84

4.53

0.31

3.0

Fuel, gal./yd3

60
(73%)

1.02

1.80

0.26

1.00

Fuel, $/yd 3

76
(93%)

$2.31

$5.17

$0.85

$2.23

High

Low

Median

Item

Description

21

Miles Per Gallon

68
(83%)

22

Fuel, gal./hr.

23
24

Table 6: Summary of Fleet Maintenance Costs
Companies Average per
Reporting Company
(Percent)
Reporting

Item

Description

25

Mixer Parts: $/yd 3

64
(78%)

$0.75

$2.88

$0.05

$0.52

25B

Eng Parts: $/yd

66
(80%)

$1.06

$2.47

$0.33

$0.98

26

Shop: $/yd 3

74
(90%)

$1.61

$5.43

$0.03

$1.52

27

Outside Repairs: $/yd3

66
(80%)

$0.55

$2.45

$0.04

$0.45

28

Tires & Tubes: $/yd 3

77
(94%)

$0.42

$0.85

$0.12

$0.36

29

TOTAL
(25-28)

77
(94%)

$3.96

$7.88

$1.02

$3.90

30A

Wrecker Costs: $/yd 3

48
(59%)

$0.12

$3.00

$0.01

$0.03

30B

Wrecker Costs: $/eng hr

9
(11%)

$0.11

$0.24

$0.02

$0.09

Accident Repair Cost: $/yd3

30
(37%)

$0.07

$0.30

$0.01

$0.05

31B Accident Repair Cost: $/eng hr

8
(10%)

$0.41

$1.80

$0.01

$0.05

32A

Truck Wash: $/yd3

59
(72%)

$0.20

$1.77

$0.01

$0.13

32B

Truck Wash: $/truck/year

10
(12%)

$387.35

31A

3

by all accounts, higher oil production and
reserves have lowered fuel costs, at least in
the near future. Fuel consumption factors
can be measured in many different ways.
Typical "miles per gallon" (mpg) is used as a
measure by many "long haul" trucking companies. In the ready mixed concrete industry,
although most companies track mpg data, it
does not provide a true picture of fuel usage

$805.04 $145.00 $332.00

considering that a mixer truck spends varying amount of time at idle, mixing concrete
or off-road travel. The price paid per gallon of fuel can also be calculated from data
reported by companies on the basis of both
"Gallon per Cubic Yard" and "Fuel Costs
per Cubic Yard."
In 2016, fuel costs for the ready mixed concrete industry dropped again. The median fuel

cost according to this survey was $2.54 per
gallon; down nearly 11% from the average fuel
cost of the previous year. Fuel costs per cubic
yard were also down, from $2.83 per yard in
2015 to $2.31 per yard in 2016, about a 18%
drop. Important to this industry is the percentage of fuel usage for power-take-off (PTO)
energy use. This information, however, cannot be determined from the reported data. In
2006 NRMCA with cooperation of its member companies conducted a national study on
PTO fuel usage. The data and final report was
made available to the Federal Internal Revenue
Service (IRS) for consideration to rebate ready
mixed concrete producers for excise taxes paid
on this portion of fuel use. The study estimated PTO fuel use to be approximately 20 to
25% of total fuel consumption while the IRS
has calculated it to be 30.2%.

Fleet Maintenance Expenses
Maintenance costs associated with fleet
operations represent a major expense to the
ready mixed concrete producer. In past years,
data reveal that cost of fleet maintenance
is directly related to the average age of the
fleet. In general, a younger fleet will have
lower maintenance costs. Although, with
technology ever advancing, new equipment
and devices are being placed on mixers, most
require at least some additional maintenance.
The total maintenance cost is calculated by
the sum of cost of parts, outside repair services, shop expenses, cost of tires and cost for
mobile communication.

Tires
Tires are an essential factor in determining
costs associated with ready mixed concrete
fleets. Of the 81 companies that reported,
5% allow recaps on the steer axle tires. On
the other hand, 92% of all reporting companies allow the use of recaps on the drive
or trailer axle tires. The maximum number
of recaps allowed on a casing ranged from
one to five with an average of just over two.
The survey also provides an estimate of the
cost to the producer for a breakdown due to
a tire failure. After removing outliers, this
average cost was approximately $234 in 2016.
Another interesting number derived from
the data is road-calls per-truck- per-year. On
average, a ready mixed concrete company
makes approximately 4.8 road calls related to
tire failures per month for every 100 trucks
in its fleet.
concrete INFOCUS

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23



Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Concrete inFocus - Fall 2017

From the President’s Desk
Corporate Suite
Enviroscene
2017 National Ready Mixed Concrete Association Fleet Benchmarking and Costs Survey
The Root Causes of Poor Communication
Insulating Concrete Forms for Commercial Construction
Engineering: Specifying for Performance
View from Capitol Hill: State of Play of U.S. Infrastructure
2017 Service & Supply Buyers’ Guide
2017 Products & Services Suppliers Guide
Index of Advertisers
Concrete inFocus - Fall 2017 - Intro
Concrete inFocus - Fall 2017 - bellyband1
Concrete inFocus - Fall 2017 - bellyband2
Concrete inFocus - Fall 2017 - cover1
Concrete inFocus - Fall 2017 - cover2
Concrete inFocus - Fall 2017 - 3
Concrete inFocus - Fall 2017 - 4
Concrete inFocus - Fall 2017 - 5
Concrete inFocus - Fall 2017 - 6
Concrete inFocus - Fall 2017 - 7
Concrete inFocus - Fall 2017 - 8
Concrete inFocus - Fall 2017 - From the President’s Desk
Concrete inFocus - Fall 2017 - 10
Concrete inFocus - Fall 2017 - Corporate Suite
Concrete inFocus - Fall 2017 - 12
Concrete inFocus - Fall 2017 - 13
Concrete inFocus - Fall 2017 - Enviroscene
Concrete inFocus - Fall 2017 - 15
Concrete inFocus - Fall 2017 - 16
Concrete inFocus - Fall 2017 - 17
Concrete inFocus - Fall 2017 - 2017 National Ready Mixed Concrete Association Fleet Benchmarking and Costs Survey
Concrete inFocus - Fall 2017 - 19
Concrete inFocus - Fall 2017 - 20
Concrete inFocus - Fall 2017 - 21
Concrete inFocus - Fall 2017 - 22
Concrete inFocus - Fall 2017 - 23
Concrete inFocus - Fall 2017 - 24
Concrete inFocus - Fall 2017 - 25
Concrete inFocus - Fall 2017 - The Root Causes of Poor Communication
Concrete inFocus - Fall 2017 - 27
Concrete inFocus - Fall 2017 - 28
Concrete inFocus - Fall 2017 - 29
Concrete inFocus - Fall 2017 - Insulating Concrete Forms for Commercial Construction
Concrete inFocus - Fall 2017 - 31
Concrete inFocus - Fall 2017 - 32
Concrete inFocus - Fall 2017 - 33
Concrete inFocus - Fall 2017 - 34
Concrete inFocus - Fall 2017 - 35
Concrete inFocus - Fall 2017 - 36
Concrete inFocus - Fall 2017 - 37
Concrete inFocus - Fall 2017 - 38
Concrete inFocus - Fall 2017 - 39
Concrete inFocus - Fall 2017 - Engineering: Specifying for Performance
Concrete inFocus - Fall 2017 - 41
Concrete inFocus - Fall 2017 - 42
Concrete inFocus - Fall 2017 - 43
Concrete inFocus - Fall 2017 - View from Capitol Hill: State of Play of U.S. Infrastructure
Concrete inFocus - Fall 2017 - 45
Concrete inFocus - Fall 2017 - 46
Concrete inFocus - Fall 2017 - 2017 Service & Supply Buyers’ Guide
Concrete inFocus - Fall 2017 - 48
Concrete inFocus - Fall 2017 - 49
Concrete inFocus - Fall 2017 - 50
Concrete inFocus - Fall 2017 - 2017 Products & Services Suppliers Guide
Concrete inFocus - Fall 2017 - 52
Concrete inFocus - Fall 2017 - Index of Advertisers
Concrete inFocus - Fall 2017 - 54
Concrete inFocus - Fall 2017 - cover3
Concrete inFocus - Fall 2017 - cover4
Concrete inFocus - Fall 2017 - OC1
Concrete inFocus - Fall 2017 - OC2
Concrete inFocus - Fall 2017 - OC3
Concrete inFocus - Fall 2017 - OC4
Concrete inFocus - Fall 2017 - OC5
Concrete inFocus - Fall 2017 - OC6
Concrete inFocus - Fall 2017 - OC7
Concrete inFocus - Fall 2017 - OC8
Concrete inFocus - Fall 2017 - OC9
Concrete inFocus - Fall 2017 - OC10
Concrete inFocus - Fall 2017 - OC11
Concrete inFocus - Fall 2017 - OC12
Concrete inFocus - Fall 2017 - OC13
Concrete inFocus - Fall 2017 - OC14
Concrete inFocus - Fall 2017 - OC15
Concrete inFocus - Fall 2017 - OC16
Concrete inFocus - Fall 2017 - OC17
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