Facility Forum - Spring 2018 - 31

will instinctively start moving toward
exits that they can see from where they
are standing. If they do not see an exit
many will follow others, assuming the
others know the right direction. This is
when you as a staff member must know
what action is expected of you. Are you
supposed to leave the building with the
rest of the people? Are you to do a sweep
of the building to ensure that there are
no stragglers? If so, are you confident
of assessing when it is too dangerous
for you to remain in the facility? Do you
have other duties to perform?

PDCA
Deming developed a simple process
for continuous improvement which is
the Plan, Do, Check, Adjust (PDCA), often
referred to the as the Deming Cycle or
Deming Wheel. It is good to apply this
cycle to the current evacuation plan
which is in place. To get to the checking,
you must first work through the doing. It
is not a good idea to pull the fire alarm
to see what happens. Should you and
your supervisor decide to have a drill,
be sure that the emergency responders
are aware of your intentions. You may
not have enough people to simulate a full
facility evacuation.

Testing Your Plan
A simpler method of evacuation timing
can be tested by having a single person
walk out to the nearest exit from various
locations within the building with a timer.
Applying that, along with observing how
the crowd moves after an event, will give
you an estimate. Time how long it takes
most people to exit. Note how they bunch
up at the exits. Do they use all the building exits or just the main doors? Allow for
that in your time estimate for evacuation.
With the fire alarm sounding, the crowd
will try to move faster but the passage
through fire exits will limit the flow.

Once Outside
Once outside, where are the people
expected to gather? Are there signs
posted? Do you remember from your
school days lining up in groups a good
distance from the building? Has the fire
department indicated how far they would

ONCE YOU HAVE ASKED "WHAT IF?"
ENOUGH TIMES YOU WILL HAVE A GOOD
PLAN IN PLACE THAT COVERS ALL THE
EVENTS EVERYONE CAN THINK OF.
like the crowds to be assembled and waiting? When the guests get outside, who
from the facilities team is going to be
checking the wind direction to be sure
the crowd is upwind of the facility? In
the event of a refrigerant leak, this small
detail will be very important.
Is the fire department going take over
crowd control when they arrive? Will
your police department be arriving as
well? Does activation of the fire alarm
alert the fire department automatically
or do they need to be phoned? Who is
the site contact for communication with
the emergency services? If that person
is not there at the time of the evacuation
who takes over those duties?

Other Considerations
For Evacuation
There are numerous reasons why
the building may need to be evacuated:
refrigerant leak, natural gas leak, fire,
firearm or bomb threat. In the event
of a refrigerant leak, who will direct
the fire department to the refrigeration equipment? Do they already know
where it is? Do the compressors automatically stop when the gas detector is
activated? Is the leak in an area monitored by the leak detection equipment?
Is the leaking area to be isolated? Is the
proper personal protective equipment
available to be closing valves in a contaminated area? If a fire is involved, will
the ammonia charge require venting
through the Fire Department Valve?
Does your plant have a Fire Department
Valve? Can the compressors be shut
down without going inside? Does the
plan call for you to exit through the
machine room to stop the compressor
on the way out?
Does your evacuation plan have varied responses for the different threats
which could happen? Some of the reasons for evacuation will require some
of the same responses. In the event of

a natural gas leak shutting off the gas
at the meter outside could reduce the
consequences. The same applies for a
fire. Is there a valve handle near the
valve? In a facility that has concessions,
will the concession staff shut off the
gas to the kitchen on their way out the
door? Is there an automatic valve that
will close the gas when the fire alarm is
activated? Being prepared to point out
the gas meter location to fire fighters
may be the planned action.
In the event of a firearm threat, getting
the police on scene quickly will be important. Getting potential victims clear of the
threat, along with yourself, is also important. Are you carrying a pen and paper to
note details that you may not be able to
recall later? Do you have your phone so
you can discreetly snap a picture instead?
The last check that is required before
debriefing and adjusting the plan is
checking the orientation of evacuation
signs. I have seen signs in a facility that
are all printed the same. This meets
the function of posting the evacuation
route but is not the most effective.
Look at the orientation of the facility
on the sign and compare it to real life.
If the nearest exit is showing to be on
the right, is it? If the facility is not correctly oriented on the sign, then people
unfamiliar with the facility will turn in
the wrong direction.
Once you have asked "What if?"
enough times you will have a good plan in
place that covers all the events everyone
can think of. Staying calm in an emergency helps you think clearly. Having
preplanned for any emergency event will
help you to stay calm. Practicing your
tasks for each case from the various locations in the facility that you might be at
when an emergency begins will give you
the confidence to stay calm.
Hopefully you will have no reason to
evacuate your facility, but if you do, you
will be prepared.
■
FACILITY FORUM | 31



Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Facility Forum - Spring 2018

Safe Ice Resurfacer Operations Online
Addressing Violence & Harassment in Recreational Facilities
Combatting Workplace Violence & Harassment: Four Tips for Employers
With Irrigation: Green = Safer
AODA for the Facility Manager
Truth, Reconciliation, Cemeteries
ORFA Professional Designations
Aquatics and Autism Spectrum Disorders
Energy Champion – The Engine to Excel
ORFA Awards & Recognition
Emergency Evacuations
Recreation Facilities Asset Management (RFAM)
Member Profile – Terry Vachon, General Manager Parks, Culture and Recreation, Clearview Township
Annual Professional Development & EXPO
FACTS: Arena Figure Skating Accident Claim Study
A Post Mortem of a Community’s Declared Recreation Facilities Emergency
Bump Testing Ammonia Sensors
Index of Advertisers
Facility Forum - Spring 2018 - Intro
Facility Forum - Spring 2018 - cover1
Facility Forum - Spring 2018 - cover2
Facility Forum - Spring 2018 - 3
Facility Forum - Spring 2018 - 4
Facility Forum - Spring 2018 - 5
Facility Forum - Spring 2018 - 6
Facility Forum - Spring 2018 - Safe Ice Resurfacer Operations Online
Facility Forum - Spring 2018 - Addressing Violence & Harassment in Recreational Facilities
Facility Forum - Spring 2018 - 9
Facility Forum - Spring 2018 - 10
Facility Forum - Spring 2018 - Combatting Workplace Violence & Harassment: Four Tips for Employers
Facility Forum - Spring 2018 - 12
Facility Forum - Spring 2018 - With Irrigation: Green = Safer
Facility Forum - Spring 2018 - 14
Facility Forum - Spring 2018 - 15
Facility Forum - Spring 2018 - AODA for the Facility Manager
Facility Forum - Spring 2018 - 17
Facility Forum - Spring 2018 - Truth, Reconciliation, Cemeteries
Facility Forum - Spring 2018 - 19
Facility Forum - Spring 2018 - ORFA Professional Designations
Facility Forum - Spring 2018 - 21
Facility Forum - Spring 2018 - 22
Facility Forum - Spring 2018 - Aquatics and Autism Spectrum Disorders
Facility Forum - Spring 2018 - 24
Facility Forum - Spring 2018 - Energy Champion – The Engine to Excel
Facility Forum - Spring 2018 - 26
Facility Forum - Spring 2018 - 27
Facility Forum - Spring 2018 - ORFA Awards & Recognition
Facility Forum - Spring 2018 - Emergency Evacuations
Facility Forum - Spring 2018 - Recreation Facilities Asset Management (RFAM)
Facility Forum - Spring 2018 - 31
Facility Forum - Spring 2018 - 32
Facility Forum - Spring 2018 - Member Profile – Terry Vachon, General Manager Parks, Culture and Recreation, Clearview Township
Facility Forum - Spring 2018 - 34
Facility Forum - Spring 2018 - 35
Facility Forum - Spring 2018 - Annual Professional Development & EXPO
Facility Forum - Spring 2018 - FACTS: Arena Figure Skating Accident Claim Study
Facility Forum - Spring 2018 - A Post Mortem of a Community’s Declared Recreation Facilities Emergency
Facility Forum - Spring 2018 - 39
Facility Forum - Spring 2018 - 40
Facility Forum - Spring 2018 - 41
Facility Forum - Spring 2018 - 42
Facility Forum - Spring 2018 - Bump Testing Ammonia Sensors
Facility Forum - Spring 2018 - 44
Facility Forum - Spring 2018 - 45
Facility Forum - Spring 2018 - Index of Advertisers
Facility Forum - Spring 2018 - cover3
Facility Forum - Spring 2018 - cover4
Facility Forum - Spring 2018 - outsert1
Facility Forum - Spring 2018 - outsert2
Facility Forum - Spring 2018 - outsert3
Facility Forum - Spring 2018 - outsert4
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