Facility Forum - Fall 2017 - 27

the disconnect device or at the point of
disconnect. There are numerous energy
sources that require lock-out, including:
* Electrical
* Hydraulic
* Pneumatic
* Chemical
* Radiation
* Thermal
* Mechanical - Kinetic/Stored
* Gravitational
Keeping yourself and others from
being exposed to the various forms of
energy, whether direct or stored, often
involves careful planning and coordination. It is very important to identify all
energy sources in your workplace that
have a potential to cause harm to those
who may become exposed to them.
The goal of lock-out is to bring equipment or machinery that will be worked
on to a zero energy state, and to ensure
that it remains in a zero energy state
until all work is complete. Machinery
or equipment needs to be locked out to
ensure that it can't be started up while
someone is working during the temporary shut-down of the machine. Locks
prevent others from accidentally turning
on a machine while work is in progress.
Some examples of situations requiring
lock-out and tag-out include:
* An electrical panel in an arena
* A defective lawnmower
* A defective ice resurfacer
* A pump in a swimming pool water
filtration system that is defective
* Chains on valve handles in a compressor room
* Blanks placed in a pipe of anomia in
an Ice Refrigeration Plant

The Use of Tags
Tags are used in combination with
lock-out procedures. Tags are used to
provide written warning that equipment
has been intentionally turned off for
maintenance or repair. It is important
to ensure that locks and tags are durable
and can withstand the environment, and
prevent being accidentally knocked off.

Relevant Legislation
and Standards
Lock-out/tag-out is regulated under
the Occupational Health and Safety Act

(OHSA), Regulations for Industrial
Establishments:
* Section 42: electrical lockout
* Section 75: before adjusting, repairing, cleaning or maintaining any moving machine parts or equipment, any
motion that may harm a worker has
been stopped and blocked to prevent
further movement
* Section 76: control switches or mechanisms be locked out to prevent the
inadvertent starting of a machine or
equipment
* Ministry of Labour Engineering Data
Sheet 9-02
The Canadian Standards Association
(CSA) has published standards that are
relevant to energy hazards, including:
* CSA Z142-M90: Code for Punch Press
and Brake Press Operations
* CSA Z432-M94: Safeguarding of
Machinery
* Draft CSA Standard Z460: Control
of Hazardous Energy - Lockout and
Other Methods
The Ontario Electrical Safety Code
requires that electrical installations,
equipment or conductor systems be disconnected, locked out of services and
tagged before any work is done.

Duties and Responsibilities
Supervisors must take every reasonable precaution in the circumstances
for the protection of a worker. The
supervisor must advise and instruct the
worker of actual or potential danger.
Supervisors must also ensure that the
workers under their supervision receive
appropriate training and instruction in
lock-out/tag-out procedures as they pertain to their area of work. Supervisors
must also take every reasonable precaution in the circumstances for the
protection of a worker.
The employer must ensure equipment, materials and protective devices
as prescribed are provided, maintained
in good condition and are used as prescribed. The employer must instruct
and supervise the worker on health
and safety, and take every precaution
reasonable in the circumstances for the
protection of a worker. It is important
for the employer to identify any existing hazardous energy sources in their

workplaces, establish policies and procedures to control them, train relevant
individuals in the policies and procedures, and ensure full compliance. The
employer must also provide the necessary lock-out equipment.
The worker must work according to the
Occupational Health and Safety Act and
the applicable regulations. Workers must
report to their supervisor any missing
or defective equipment, and to not use
any defective or damaged equipment.
Workers must only remove lock-out
and tag-out devices which they themselves have installed and have placed
and only when their work is completed.
It is important to notify their supervisor
of any arising situations where use of a
lock-out device is not possible, and notify
their supervisors of questionable situations such as open locks, removal of the
worker's lock without their knowledge,
tags laying on the floor, unfamiliar locks
or locking devices without tags, etc.
Having lock-out procedures, proper
equipment and training are essential in
controlling the risk of exposure to electrical hazards, and keeping yourself and
others safe. The Public Services Health
& Safety Association (PSHSA) believes
that all workers and employers should
have access to the occupational health
and safety information they need. PSHSA
offers two lock-out/tag-out courses,
including Lockout Tagout eLearning, and
Control of Energy Hazards - Lock Out Tag
Out in-class course. Both courses can be
found at pshsa.ca. For further information
about PSHSA's lock-out/tag-out courses,
contact Monica Szabo, Executive Director,
Government, Municipal & Public Safety:
MSzabo@pshsa.ca, or contact PSHSA at
(416) 250-2131 or 1(877) 250-7444.
■

Public Services Health & Safety Association
(PSHSA) works with Ontario's public sector workers and employers, providing
occupational health & safety training,
resources and consulting to reduce workplace risks and prevent workplace injuries
and illnesses.
FACILITY FORUM | 27


http://www.pshsa.ca

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Facility Forum - Fall 2017

ORFA Regional Training
Heritage Highlight: Varsity Arena – University of Toronto
Cemeterian: The Operation and Preservation of Cemeteries in Ontario and the Importance of Cemetery Care and Maintenance Trust Fund/Accounts
Technical Support Renewed
ORFA Professional Designations
Energy Champion – Taking Action
Providing Safe Access to IHSC Cooling Towers/Evaporative Condensers
Electrical Hazards: The Importance of Lock-Out/Tag-Out
Slip and Fall Outside of a Community Centre
Winds of Change
Recreation Facilities Asset Management
Member Profile – Kevin Gale, CIT, RRFS Town of Bradford West Gwillimbury
Safe Ice Resurfacer Operations Online
ACC Facility Post-Season Scheduling Challenges
Index of Advertisers
Facility Forum - Fall 2017 - Intro
Facility Forum - Fall 2017 - cover1
Facility Forum - Fall 2017 - cover2
Facility Forum - Fall 2017 - 3
Facility Forum - Fall 2017 - 4
Facility Forum - Fall 2017 - 5
Facility Forum - Fall 2017 - 6
Facility Forum - Fall 2017 - ORFA Regional Training
Facility Forum - Fall 2017 - Heritage Highlight: Varsity Arena – University of Toronto
Facility Forum - Fall 2017 - 9
Facility Forum - Fall 2017 - 10
Facility Forum - Fall 2017 - 11
Facility Forum - Fall 2017 - 12
Facility Forum - Fall 2017 - Cemeterian: The Operation and Preservation of Cemeteries in Ontario and the Importance of Cemetery Care and Maintenance Trust Fund/Accounts
Facility Forum - Fall 2017 - 14
Facility Forum - Fall 2017 - 15
Facility Forum - Fall 2017 - Technical Support Renewed
Facility Forum - Fall 2017 - 17
Facility Forum - Fall 2017 - ORFA Professional Designations
Facility Forum - Fall 2017 - Energy Champion – Taking Action
Facility Forum - Fall 2017 - 20
Facility Forum - Fall 2017 - 21
Facility Forum - Fall 2017 - Providing Safe Access to IHSC Cooling Towers/Evaporative Condensers
Facility Forum - Fall 2017 - 23
Facility Forum - Fall 2017 - 24
Facility Forum - Fall 2017 - Electrical Hazards: The Importance of Lock-Out/Tag-Out
Facility Forum - Fall 2017 - 26
Facility Forum - Fall 2017 - 27
Facility Forum - Fall 2017 - 28
Facility Forum - Fall 2017 - Slip and Fall Outside of a Community Centre
Facility Forum - Fall 2017 - 30
Facility Forum - Fall 2017 - 31
Facility Forum - Fall 2017 - 32
Facility Forum - Fall 2017 - Winds of Change
Facility Forum - Fall 2017 - 34
Facility Forum - Fall 2017 - 35
Facility Forum - Fall 2017 - Recreation Facilities Asset Management
Facility Forum - Fall 2017 - Member Profile – Kevin Gale, CIT, RRFS Town of Bradford West Gwillimbury
Facility Forum - Fall 2017 - 38
Facility Forum - Fall 2017 - 39
Facility Forum - Fall 2017 - Safe Ice Resurfacer Operations Online
Facility Forum - Fall 2017 - ACC Facility Post-Season Scheduling Challenges
Facility Forum - Fall 2017 - 42
Facility Forum - Fall 2017 - 43
Facility Forum - Fall 2017 - 44
Facility Forum - Fall 2017 - Index of Advertisers
Facility Forum - Fall 2017 - 46
Facility Forum - Fall 2017 - cover3
Facility Forum - Fall 2017 - cover4
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