Facility Forum - Winter 2017 - 40

STAFF & MANAGEMENT

Ergonomics in the Recreation Facility

Management Environment

M

By Monica A. Szabo & Jeff Pajot, Public Services Health & Safety Association
usculoskeletal
disorders (MSD)
are injuries/disorders of the
mu scu loskeletal system,
which includes
the muscles, tendons, tendon sheaths,
nerves, bursa, blood vessels, joints and
ligaments. Exposure to various risk factors
in the workplace (e.g., force, awkward posture, repetition, etc.) may result in MSD.
Every day in various job settings,
including seemingly benign office environments, people use muscles, tendons,
ligaments, and joints to lift, push, pull,
carry, kneel, stand, walk, move, and
work in a variety of ways. However,
sometimes these tasks, or the way
they are performed, can put too much
demand on bodies, causing pain and
discomfort. Additionally, they may lead
to a musculoskeletal disorder.
MSD account for 40 per cent of workplace injuries according to WSIB statistics, making them the most prevalent
type of workplace injury, and one of the
most costly safety and health problems
in the modern workplace. MSD also negatively impact personal lives, and can
take longer to heal than acute injuries.
Preventing MSD needs to be a key part
of every workplace health and safety
program, including:
* identifying and assessing job-related
MSD hazards in the workplace;
* implementing controls to reduce workers' exposure to MSD hazards;
* educating workers about MSD hazards
and how to prevent them;
* encouraging workers to participate in
their workplace's health and safety
program through early reporting of
MSD symptoms to their employer/
supervisor; and
* ensuring preventative measures are
working.

Supervisors, workers, and Joint Health
and Safety Committee (JHSC) members
need to check for MSD-related hazards
during regular inspections, including:
* unsafe lifting, lowering, pushing, pulling, and carrying of materials;
* obstructions along routes of access,
egress, and work locations;
* poor housekeeping and improper storage of materials;
* unsafe use of ladders and lack of adequate worker training;
* poor maintenance of vehicles, machinery, and equipment that could result
in increased physical demands; and
* inappropriate use of equipment (such
as boxes being used as ladders) by
workers positioning themselves for
overhead work.

OHS Responsibilities for MSD
Prevention and Safety Culture
The Ontario Occupational Health and
Safety Act outlines legal duties and
responsibilities for health and safety for
each workplace party. This is referred to
as the "Internal Responsibility System"
or IRS. This means each workplace party
has a set of legal responsibilities for
OHS - including MSD prevention. A positive safety culture that creates positive
change and behaviours requires strong
leadership and vision and empowerment
of managers, supervisor and workers.

What Should Employers
Do to Prevent MSD?
* Set MSD prevention as a priority
by providing resources to support
MSD prevention program development, implementation and maintenance, e.g., appoint a MSD lead and
oversight committee and provide
funds for MSD training, education
and equipment
* Ensure front-line workers participate
in the MSD prevention program

40 | WINTER 2017 | ONTARIO RECREATION FACILITIES ASSOCIATION

* Ensure processes are in place that proactively identify, communicate and
address MSD hazards
* Approve and enforce the MSD prevention program policies and procedures
* Ensure the review of MSD policy and
program at least once a year
* Implement MSD quality improvements
that have been approved and communicate changes
* Support and consult the Joint Health
and Safety Committee (JHSC)/Health
and Safety Representative (HSR) on
MSD hazards, education and training
programs
* Respond to JHSC/HSR MSD hazard
recommendations within 21 days
* Promote a culture of safety by encouraging manager/supervisor and worker
participation, cooperation, problem
solving and ownership related to MSD
issues and concerns
* Ensure health and safety accountability systems are in place

What Should Managers
and Supervisors Do to
Prevent MSD?
* Understand the organization's MSD
program and applicable health and
safety legislation
* Collaborate, lead and participate in
proactive MSD prevention
* Ensure all workers understand MSD
policies, measures and procedures;
* Ensure workers attend MSD prevention
education and training
* Ensure workers that require MSD prevention equipment have and use it safely
* Monitor and enforce compliance with
MSD policy and procedures, and maintain records
* Empower workers to participate in
MSD hazard recognition and sharing
of MSD solutions
* Encourage workers to report MSD hazards or incidents promptly



Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Facility Forum - Winter 2017

Technically Speaking
Celebrating Canada 150: City of Pickering Youth Forum, Student Mural
Safe Ice Resurfacer Operations Online
ORFA Professional Designations
Non-Traditional Ways to Commemorate
Slip and Fall in a Municipal Pool Change Room
ORFA Regional Training
A Case for Key Safety
Energy Champion – “Dealing with your Inheritance”
Recreation Facilities Asset Management (RFAM)
Social Media in 2017: How to Adapt to the Digital (and Visual) Age
ORFA Social Media Promo
Are Ontario’s Ice Rinks Safe?
Ice Arena Registered Refrigeration Plant Safety Bulletin
Ergonomics in the Recreation Facility Management Environment
Member Profile – Sheree Brame, Supervising Instructor Guard, Norfolk County Community Services
Do You Have “Subjective or Objective Vertigo” from the New MOL Height Regulation?
Index of Advertisers
Facility Forum - Winter 2017 - Intro
Facility Forum - Winter 2017 - cover1
Facility Forum - Winter 2017 - cover2
Facility Forum - Winter 2017 - 3
Facility Forum - Winter 2017 - 4
Facility Forum - Winter 2017 - 5
Facility Forum - Winter 2017 - 6
Facility Forum - Winter 2017 - 7
Facility Forum - Winter 2017 - 8
Facility Forum - Winter 2017 - Technically Speaking
Facility Forum - Winter 2017 - 10
Facility Forum - Winter 2017 - 11
Facility Forum - Winter 2017 - Celebrating Canada 150: City of Pickering Youth Forum, Student Mural
Facility Forum - Winter 2017 - 13
Facility Forum - Winter 2017 - 14
Facility Forum - Winter 2017 - 15
Facility Forum - Winter 2017 - Safe Ice Resurfacer Operations Online
Facility Forum - Winter 2017 - 17
Facility Forum - Winter 2017 - ORFA Professional Designations
Facility Forum - Winter 2017 - Non-Traditional Ways to Commemorate
Facility Forum - Winter 2017 - 20
Facility Forum - Winter 2017 - 21
Facility Forum - Winter 2017 - 22
Facility Forum - Winter 2017 - Slip and Fall in a Municipal Pool Change Room
Facility Forum - Winter 2017 - 24
Facility Forum - Winter 2017 - 25
Facility Forum - Winter 2017 - ORFA Regional Training
Facility Forum - Winter 2017 - A Case for Key Safety
Facility Forum - Winter 2017 - 28
Facility Forum - Winter 2017 - Energy Champion – “Dealing with your Inheritance”
Facility Forum - Winter 2017 - 30
Facility Forum - Winter 2017 - 31
Facility Forum - Winter 2017 - Recreation Facilities Asset Management (RFAM)
Facility Forum - Winter 2017 - Social Media in 2017: How to Adapt to the Digital (and Visual) Age
Facility Forum - Winter 2017 - ORFA Social Media Promo
Facility Forum - Winter 2017 - 35
Facility Forum - Winter 2017 - Are Ontario’s Ice Rinks Safe?
Facility Forum - Winter 2017 - 37
Facility Forum - Winter 2017 - Ice Arena Registered Refrigeration Plant Safety Bulletin
Facility Forum - Winter 2017 - 39
Facility Forum - Winter 2017 - Ergonomics in the Recreation Facility Management Environment
Facility Forum - Winter 2017 - 41
Facility Forum - Winter 2017 - Member Profile – Sheree Brame, Supervising Instructor Guard, Norfolk County Community Services
Facility Forum - Winter 2017 - 43
Facility Forum - Winter 2017 - Do You Have “Subjective or Objective Vertigo” from the New MOL Height Regulation?
Facility Forum - Winter 2017 - 45
Facility Forum - Winter 2017 - Index of Advertisers
Facility Forum - Winter 2017 - cover3
Facility Forum - Winter 2017 - cover4
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