THE SOURCE - Summer 2018 - 24

Source: 2016 DOE CHP Installation Database - https://doe.icfwebservices.com/chpdb/.

Source: 2016 DOE CHP Installation Database.
There has been a marked shift in
the number and size of CHP systems
installed. For the first decade of the
21st century, CHP installations almost
doubled (an average of 142 per year) in
comparison to the 1990s (an average of
76 per year). Much of the growth of CHP
installations can be found on the east

and west coasts and may be attributed
in some part to the adoption of CHP and
distributed energy incentive and grant
programs.
Other reasons for the growth can be
attributed to the increasing availability
of smaller sized CHP systems, the
known resilience benefits of CHP, the

24 THE SOURCE | THE VOICE AND CHOICE OF PUBLIC GAS
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6/2/17 11:24 PM

locational value provided by CHP
systems, and the manner in which
CHP systems can integrate with and
support the deployment of solar and
wind sources3. With greater awareness
of the benefits of CHP for smaller
applications and the industry effort
to develop packaged CHP systems, in
less traditional CHP customers are able
to take advantage of CHP at their site.
Figure 2 shows the top applications in
terms of total installations in the last 17
years, which include hospitals, colleges
and universities, wastewater treatment
plants, multifamily complexes, schools
and nursing homes.
These less traditional CHP users
installed a greater number of smaller
capacity CHP systems. This can be seen
in Figure 3, where starting around 2001
and 2002, the capacity of the systems
installed decreased significantly. This
shift to smaller sizes can be attributed to
an increase in financial incentives that
focus on smaller CHP systems, such as
California's Self-Generation Incentive
Program. This trend is also facilitated by
availability of smaller CHP systems, the
growing availability of packaged systems
and development of interconnection
standards for smaller CHP systems,
typically less than 10 MW.
CHP and Resilience for
Critical Infrastructure
As severe weather events grow in
number and intensity, CHP is increasingly
recognized as a technology to keep the
power on during and after a storm. The
reliability aspects of CHP were clearly
shown in Superstorm Sandy in 2012.
Superstorm Sandy resulted in widespread power outages costing over
$20 billion in losses due to suspended
business activity.
However, during the storm, CHP
systems (with many in hospitals and
universities) remained operational;
keeping patients and students safe
during the storm4. In contrast it was
determined that many of the traditional
back-up diesel generators either did not
operate or did not operate for a long
period of time. This can be attributed
to the fact that some on-site generators
are typically not tested on a regular
basis and may have limited fuel supplies


https://doe.icfwebservices.com/chpdb/ http://www.trellisenergy.com http://www.trellisenergy.com

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of THE SOURCE - Summer 2018

APGA Events
First Person
2018 Starts off with Gas Records
Energy Regulatory Update
The Result of Not Addressing Increasing Cybersecurity Risk
Conversation with an APGA Member
APGA Leads Charge to Lower Pipeline Rates to Match Lower Tax Rates
Legislative Outlook
Enhancing Resilience of Critical Infrastructure with Combined Heat and Power
The Pipeline
The Importance of Getting Involved with State and Local Building Code Developments
At Last
Advertisers’ Index/Advertiser.com
THE SOURCE - Summer 2018 - Intro
THE SOURCE - Summer 2018 - bellyband1
THE SOURCE - Summer 2018 - bellyband2
THE SOURCE - Summer 2018 - cover1
THE SOURCE - Summer 2018 - cover2
THE SOURCE - Summer 2018 - 3
THE SOURCE - Summer 2018 - 4
THE SOURCE - Summer 2018 - 5
THE SOURCE - Summer 2018 - 6
THE SOURCE - Summer 2018 - APGA Events
THE SOURCE - Summer 2018 - First Person
THE SOURCE - Summer 2018 - 9
THE SOURCE - Summer 2018 - 2018 Starts off with Gas Records
THE SOURCE - Summer 2018 - 11
THE SOURCE - Summer 2018 - Energy Regulatory Update
THE SOURCE - Summer 2018 - 13
THE SOURCE - Summer 2018 - The Result of Not Addressing Increasing Cybersecurity Risk
THE SOURCE - Summer 2018 - 15
THE SOURCE - Summer 2018 - 16
THE SOURCE - Summer 2018 - 17
THE SOURCE - Summer 2018 - Conversation with an APGA Member
THE SOURCE - Summer 2018 - 19
THE SOURCE - Summer 2018 - APGA Leads Charge to Lower Pipeline Rates to Match Lower Tax Rates
THE SOURCE - Summer 2018 - 21
THE SOURCE - Summer 2018 - Legislative Outlook
THE SOURCE - Summer 2018 - Enhancing Resilience of Critical Infrastructure with Combined Heat and Power
THE SOURCE - Summer 2018 - 24
THE SOURCE - Summer 2018 - 25
THE SOURCE - Summer 2018 - The Pipeline
THE SOURCE - Summer 2018 - The Importance of Getting Involved with State and Local Building Code Developments
THE SOURCE - Summer 2018 - 28
THE SOURCE - Summer 2018 - At Last
THE SOURCE - Summer 2018 - Advertisers’ Index/Advertiser.com
THE SOURCE - Summer 2018 - cover3
THE SOURCE - Summer 2018 - cover4
THE SOURCE - Summer 2018 - divider1
THE SOURCE - Summer 2018 - divider2
THE SOURCE - Summer 2018 - 35
THE SOURCE - Summer 2018 - 36
THE SOURCE - Summer 2018 - 40
THE SOURCE - Summer 2018 - 41
THE SOURCE - Summer 2018 - 42
THE SOURCE - Summer 2018 - 43
THE SOURCE - Summer 2018 - 44
THE SOURCE - Summer 2018 - 45
THE SOURCE - Summer 2018 - 46
THE SOURCE - Summer 2018 - 47
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