Paper360 - March/April 2016 - (Page 8) case you missed it in TAPPI's weekly electronic newsletter IP Foundation Supports Vermont Youth Conservation Corps' Efforts Vermont Business Magazine, Burlington, Vt., reports that the Vermont Youth Conservation Corps has received a US$3,500 grant from the International Paper Foundation (Memphis, Tenn.) in support of youth development and conservation programming. VYCC has been offering employment and training to youth ages 16-24 since 1985. Young people work in small crews on public lands across the state. They learn to work as a team, to take personal responsibility for their actions and to value the importance of environmental conservation through high-priority projects. Many of these projects improve the health of Vermont's watersheds. The IP Foundation has supported VYCC programming since 1997, as a result of the Ticonderoga Mill operation on Lake Champlain's western shore. Frequently, funds go toward projects that directly improve the health of Lake Champlain.  This is the largest gift from the IP Foundation to VYCC to date. Meanwhile, 25 percent of last year's conservation projects directly combated erosion, phosphorous input and other issues impacting the health of Lake Champlain and the Connecticut River. Improving watershed health is among VYCC's strategic priorities. Wood Nanofibers Used to Create Biodegradable Alternative to Styrofoam In what looks like an ordinary bicycle helmet, Swedish designers have replaced Styrofoam with a new shock-absorbing material made with a renewable, biodegradable wood-based material. Researcher Lars Wågberg, a professor in Fibre Technology at Stockholm's KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden, said the wood-based 8 Paper360º MARCH/APRIL 2016 foam material offers comparable properties to Styrofoam. This prototype bicycle helmet protects a rider's head with a biodegradable and renewable alternative to hazardous Styrofoam. The shock-absorbing foam material inside was developed at KTH Royal Institute of Technology, and it is one of the key features of an entirely wood-sourced helmet. "But even better, it is from a totally renewable resource - something that we can produce from the forest," Wågberg says. That's a big plus for a country where forests are planted and harvested continuously, much like any other cash crop. Trademarked under the name Cellufoam, the material was developed by Wågberg together with Lennart Bergström, professor in Material Chemistry at Stockholm University; and Nicholas Tchang Cervin, a former PhD student at KTH, in the Wallenberg Wood Science Center (WWSC). The helmet concept is intended to draw attention to the possibilities of using wood cellulose as a sustainable alternative to Styrofoam and other foams from synthetic polymers. Wågberg said the last five years of Cellufoam research has been funded by the WWSC and Cellutech with the confidence that it will become possible to take the material to market scale soon. WWSC is a joint research center between KTH and Chalmers University; it is hosted at KTH and financed by the Knut and Alice Wallenberg Research Foundation. Production begins with wood cellulose nanofibers, or fibrils, which are modified and mixed with a foaming agent, water and air. Through the process of Pickering stabilization, these particles stabilize the air-bubbles in a way that is much better than using simple surfactants, says Wågberg. While the Cellufoam is being showcased as a bicycle helmet material, Wågberg adds that by using different surface treatments and combinations with other material components, it could also be suitable for flame retardant materials, water filtration and antibacterial material. "It's really up to the imagination," he said. "In my experience, things like this wind up being used in ways you never expect." Five Key Trends Driving Evolution of the Global Fluff Pulp Market Global sales of fluff pulp in 2015 totaled US$4.5 billion (EUR 4.2 billion), up from $3.9 billion in 2010, and is projected to grow to US$5.0 billion in 2020, according to a report from Smithers Pira, Surrey, U.K. This healthy expansion is taking place despite a continuing reduction in volume of fluff pulp employed in individual products in its major end-uses. The report attributes this market resilience to a growth in use of

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Paper360 - March/April 2016

Over the Wire
Engineering: A Continuing Evolution
RISI’s European CEO of the Year
Sappi Europe: Serious About the Future of Paper
Reliability and Maintenance Beliefs – Part IV
Discovering Hidden Causes of Converting Problems
Barrier Technologies: The New Revolution in Food Packaging
Standard Bleaching Sequences Including an Ozone Stage – Part I
TAPPI Journal Summaries
Consolidation Watch
SWM Gets Faster ERP Financial Data
Battling Rejection Burnout
Association News
Index of Advertisers

Paper360 - March/April 2016