Paper360 - July/August 2014 - (Page 36)

the bottom line | KNOWLEDGE BUILDER CarBonless PaPer An extraordinary paper maintains its relevance in the digital age PAPER, a registered trademark licensed to Appvion, Inc. Carbonless paper revolutionized the forms industry by eliminating the mess and bother of carbon interleaves. Forms transactions became easier, faster and cleaner for businesses, institutions, and government and service organizations of all kinds. The first commercial sale of NCR PAPER took place in March 1954, and since then Appvion has sold more than 14 million tons of it. What began as a search for a better receipt paper resulted in the invention of an office productivity phenomenon that continues to be an indispensable part of the business world and society as a whole, even in today's digital age. Sixty years ago the Appleton Coated Paper Company (today, Appvion, Inc.) helped introduce the first carbonless paper, dubbed by some as the "no carbon required" paper. It was known then, as it is today, as NCR continued from page 16 being developed that will have widespread application in the forest products industry, allowing for the repurposing of mills that have been shut down due to decreased demand for printing papers. The infrastructure of these mills with wood sources, wood handling and large equipment for energy production and distribution, are so HoW dId tHeY do? Think our research team nailed the most significant pulp and paper innovations over the past 30 years? If you disagree or have candidates of your own, let us know via email. Send your choices, along with your reasons why they should have been included, to: 36 Paper360º JULY/AUGUST 2014 How It woRKS The late Barry Green developed the microencapsulation process used to create carbonless paper. While pursuing graduate studies in chemistry at Cornell University in the 1930s, Green began brainstorming about what could be accomplished if a system were produced composed of a liquid dispersed within a solid. He learned that such a system was rare outside of living organisms. Years later, Green, working with Lowell Schleicher, used his ideas to produce the first man-made, commercial example of a ideally suited for many newer technologies. Examples include: API, Fiberight, Old Town Fuel and Fiber, Licella and Lignotech. There is also a LignoBoost lignin recovery facility at Domtar, Plymouth, NC, USA, and several confidential projects are in final stages of development. coNcluSIoNS The pulp and paper industry has modernized wood procurement, the way it forms and presses paper, and the way it builds power and chemical recovery islands. It continues to develop and manufacture products that serve industrial and public needs. As can be seen by the innovations described above, the pulp and paper industry is resilient and continues to find ways to meet marketplace, energy and environmental challenges as well as respond to emerging issues and opportunities. The industry embodies modern work practices with excellent microencapsulated system, and they filed for a patent in 1953. The carbonless system consists of liquid dye and oil-filled microcapsules dispersed within a solid coating. In a typical threepart business form, three kinds of carbonless paper work together as a system to transfer images cleanly and clearly from one sheet to the next. The top sheet is a CB (coated back) sheet, the back of which is covered with a coating made of millions of microscopic capsules containing colorless dyes. The last sheet is a CF (coated front) sheet coated on its front side with a co-reactant or receiver material. The middle sheet is a CFB (coated front and back) sheet, front-coated with receiver materials and back-coated with dye capsules. As pressure from a pen or printer is applied to the top sheet, the dye capsules on the CB surface break and interact with the CF receiver coating to develop a black or blue image on each copy. To learn more about NCR Paper, contact Bill van Den Brandt at Apvion: bvandenbrandt@ workplace safety and environmental stewardship. Given the large size and scale of its physical assets, there is a limit on the rate at which technological advancement can be achieved. Nevertheless, significant innovations have occurred and will continue to occur. Highlighting them here is intended not only to document and communicate what we have achieved. We also hope this article will serve as a springboard for further research and writing on the important topic of pulp and paper innovation. Ben Thorp, Harry Seamans and Masood Akhtar are cofounders of the Bioenergy Deployment Consortium (BDC,; Harry Cullinan is affiliated with Auburn University; Pat McCarthy is affiliated with the Center for Paper Business and Industry Studies (CPBIS); Keith van Scotter is Ceo of lincoln Paper and Tissue; and Russell Wanke is Ceo of expera Specialty Solutions.

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Paper360 - July/August 2014

Over the Wire
Pulp and Paper Innovations
Strategic Importance of Water
Making Workers Heroes
Industry Emissions Improve
TAPPI Journal Summaries
Measuring Color Online
Consolidation Watch
Knowledge Builder
Association News
What’s New on
Advertisers Index

Paper360 - July/August 2014